Muscular Dystrophy and Protein

It was believed that muscle weakness resulted from poor nutrition. In many countries protein isn’t part of traditional diets. The problem is that many of the inhabitants had good muscle performance. Muscular dystrophy causes muscle weakness. Is there a link in Muscular Dystrophy and Protein?

Per United States Department of Agriculture, Protein is an essential nutrient. The focus on vitamins simply aren’t enough. Foods made from meat, poultry, seafood, beans and peas, eggs, processed soy products, nuts, and seeds are considered part of the Protein Foods Group. Understanding protein isn’t so simple. Protein consists of amino acids and not all amino acids may be supplemented as pills. Of the 20 various amino acids, nine are “essential,” meaning you can only get them from food.

Proteins in many shapes and forms are associated with the fitness or illness of body muscles whether voluntary (skeletal muscles) or autonomic (heart and organs). Proteins found in the brain may be associated with storage and loss of memories. Every living cell in the body requires protein to build and maintain bones, muscles and skin.

In the United States, the recommended daily allowance of protein is 46 grams per day for women over 19 years of age, and 56 grams per day for men over 19 years of age. There are variables for activity. Considering dietary protein is important. Consumption of some proteins may lead to allergies or respiratory effects. Red meat proteins may aid cholesterol accumulation in arteries as cause for heart attacks.

Conversely, certain near ketosis diets combining vegan protein A 20-year prospective study of over 80,000 women found that those who ate low-carbohydrate diets that were high in vegetable sources of fat and protein had a 30 percent lower risk of heart disease compared with women who ate high-carbohydrate, low-fat diets.

If you are normal, getting your vitamins and protein drearily may help healthy aging and longevity.

Unfortunately, there is a group of over 100 disease variants that cause progressive weakness and loss of muscle mass. In muscular dystrophy, abnormal genes (mutations) interfere with the production of proteins needed to form healthy muscle. There are no cures and treatments. These muscular dystrophies may occur at birth and in adulthood. From mild to severe, the illness is pervasive and crippling. While dietary protein still is significant for general health, it is believed that key protein and peptide conversions do not work in activating or stimulating muscle growth.

Prior to the classifications of muscular dystrophy it was a widely held belief that s lack of protein or nutrition resulted in myopathy or weak muscles. The word “dystrophy” comes originally from the Greek “dys,” which means “difficult” or “faulty,” and “trophe,” meaning “nourishment.”

It is believed that Muscular Dystrophy, affects less than 200,000 people in the US population and is considered a rare disease. There are 70,000 known cases in Western Europe.

Muscular Dystrophy, as genetic, is considered a form of mitochondrial diseases that affect several symptoms. These diseases may affect 1 in 4,000 people. This makes it less rare than most statistics for muscular dystrophy.

Muscular dystrophy is a disease related to muscles exclusively. Mitochondria diseases may be behind neuromuscular diseases. Neuromuscular diseases affect both nerves and muscles. One such disease is Multiple Sclerosis. Paralysis rom brain or spine is neuromuscular.

Inconclusive research seems to indicate a genetic protein called dystrophin. Dystrophin is part of a group of proteins (a protein complex) that work together to strengthen muscle fibers and protect them from injury as muscles contract and relax. Research suggests that the protein is important for the normal structure and function of synapses, which are specialized connections between nerve cells where cell-to-cell communication occurs. So far, The Muscular Dystrophy Association might see possibilities for only 2 of the many muscular dystrophy issues.

A 2015 study showed some evidence that a protein carbohydrate shake after an MDA approved exercise may be beneficial to muscular dystrophy patients.” The findings suggest that postexercise protein-carbohydrate supplementation could be an important add-on to exercise training therapy in muscular dystrophies, and long-term studies of postexercise protein-carbohydrate supplementation are warranted in these conditions.”

If you’re healthy and well. Feed your muscles, cells, skin, and bones with positive sources of protein. While genetic testing is not considered routine in the USA, following a responsible dietary vitamin and protein regimen may support wellness over your lifespan. Consider responsible consumption of high protein foods or have a protein shake.

People suffering from acute or chronic pain or disabilities generally need more nutrition to exert any movement. Subsequently, having portable protein and nutrition sources are almost necessary. The flaw is nutrifying without gaining weight. Being overweight can make movement more difficult.

Lean sources of protein help normal people preserve their bones, muscles, and skin longer. Check with a nutritionist or your physician.

Nothing remains conclusive about Muscular Dystrophy and Protein consumption relieving or treating symptoms. As I have mobile challenges from Muscular Dystrophy, I find that a Protein/Nutrient bar is essential assurance. It may be a placebo or may be necessary. Perhaps, one day, there will be more3 conclusive studies into the co-factors that help reverse the challenging effects of wasting muscles. It just might include the needs for (more than) basic nutrition. For now, it is just a fantasy.

Isomalto-Oligosaccharides and Protein Diet Bars

A relatively new ingredient, Isomalto-Oligosaccharides, is finding its way into meal replacement products. These are supplements that provide protein and vitamins to those actively pursuing better body appearance. Isomalto-Oligosaccharides add sweetness and fiber to aid feeling full. You’ve heard of Probiotics helping digestion. This ingredient is a PREBIOTIC. So…when lunching or snacking, should you reach for a meal replacement bar? This sounds too good to be true. So LifeDoc Lifetime is investigating this very long, complex-sounding ingredient. Is it useful for your weight management program?

Weight management or weight loss is a frustrating problem. Many people resort to nutritional supplements, in the form of shakes and bars as meal replacements. A few protein and fiber nutritionals supplements are using an ingredient IMO.Isomalto-Oligosaccharides are referred as IMO. Isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMO) are applied as functional food ingredients but what are they and how are they metabolized by your body?

In a 2005 response from the FDA
, to BioNeutra (in response to marketing health products in the United States containing Isomalto-Oligosaccharides), the FDA made an allowance of up to 30 grams per day. The product that BioNeutra was applying for was VitaFiber
. The VitaFiber product is marketed as a low-calorie sweetener with fiber.

Quest Nutrition makes “healthy” meal replacement bars that offer 20 grams protein and 17 grams fiber, plus vitamins, in a meal replacement bar. Their list of ingredients show that Isomalto-Oligosaccharides are the second highest ingredient. According to nutrition panel listings, however, the number of IMO grams are absent.

Many protein diet replacement products use Soy as a protein source. Quest Protein Bar uses Whey Protein Isolate, that is a dairy-based protein derivative. For those sensitive to Soy, Whey Protein is considered a better, healthier source of protein.
Meal replacement bars are intended for use in body building so consumption in a sedentary lifestyle may reduce dietary benefits.

Use of IMO claims to be used as pre-biotic fiber that helps add to its low-glycemic index. Foods with low-glycemic indexes are seen as healthier choices for diabetics and those concerned with the effects of a sugar-rush from carbohydrates.

When you eat carbohydrates (carbs), there are simple and complex carbohydrates. As part of a typical diet, carbohydrates produce energy. Complex carbs take longer to metabolize than simple carbs and are reported to provide a longer, steadier stream of energy. Eating too many carbs is known as a leading cause of obesity or weight gain.

Diet replacement bars do have carbs and they do have sugar, though generally less sugar than a typical chocolate bar. You are also getting 15 to 20 grams of protein in the popular bars and up to 18 vitamins. Depending on the manufacturer, protein bars may have high-glycemic or low glycemic carbs and about 190 to 300 calories per 2-ounce average bar. The protein equivalent is comparable to 2-1/2 glasses of milk, 1 can of sardines, a serving of lunch meat or cheese. The carb equivalent is usually equal to or less than two slices of bread. Fat is generally less than salami, bologna, cheese, sardines, and 2-glasses of whole milk. The prime goal of the protein bar is convenience with some acquired taste. They are intended for use directly before or after an exercise.

The Quest Nutrition Bar uses Isomalto-Oligosaccharides as a sweetener and as a source of fiber. Fiber is believed to help fill you with intestinal bulk so your appetite is satiated for a longer periods of time. A Quest bar has 17 grams of fiber per bar, about 35% more than a serving of a high fiber cereal. The carb content of 25g is equivalent to a serving of All Bran or Fiber One but, with all that fiber, the net carb value is about 8 grams (though the manufacturer claims 3 grams). Protein is 20 grams from Whey Protein Isolate. The total fat is 5% (1% Saturated fat) is about the same as a serving of low-fat milk. There are no significant vitamin values but Quest, using IMO and a sugar alcohol, manages to deliver protein and fiber at around 160 calories.

As good as this Quest Protein Bar may sound, the State of California has issued a lawsuit against Quest Nutrition for false label claims. Quest denies this. The suit was filed December 2013 against Quest Nutrition and may not be resolved for a while.

The lawsuit contends that the fiber count is misleading. Using Isomalto-oligosaccharides (IMO) as the fiber source in their protein bar is also deemed natural because it is found in naturally fermented foods. It is a long chain molecule and it is much cheaper to manufacture it in factories by applying enzymes to various starch sources. Assuming this IMO is manufactured, is the fiber count valid as theory or as a bar nutrition claim? Then again, can we be sure that any nutrition panel is a valid representation of its nutritive contents?

A competitor of Quest Protein Bar is the ISS Research Victory Bar and its nutritive claim is similar to the Quest Protein bar but with 20 grams of fiber. Instead of listing IMO as a fiber source, the Victory Bar lists natural Prebiotic Fiber Syrup (tapioca). Guess what? It is an IMO because IMO is found naturally in barley, corn, pulses (peas, beans, lentils) oats, tapioca, rice, potato, and other starchy foods.

The reason why the FDA approved IMO in the first place is that IMO is a multifunctional health molecule which exerts positive effects on human digestive health, as a prebiotic. IMO is finding global acceptance by food manufacturers for use in a wide range of food products as a source of dietary fiber in foods that may not naturally contain fiber. China and Japan have been manufacturing IMO for decades but, in the USA, it is considered a novel ingredient. Being a novel food ingredient, there wasn’t any producer of IMO in North America and Europe, until recently when BioNeutra Inc. started to manufactured this product with the trade name of VitaFiber-IMO.

IMO may be under-tested but is generally reported to have no side effects. A study in 2001 demonstrated that IMO may have cholesterol management benefits. An Asian study contends that an IMO may inhibit tumor growth in mice.

Basically, all drugs and nutritional products have benefits and consequences measured to particular scales. What those scales might be is a question. Overeating carbs has been linked to obesity and overeating fats have been linked to arterial disease. Obesity is a disease even though some obese people live long lifespans.

Your body likes status-quo. It requires calories as energy, either from carbs, fat, or protein. If you are overweight, the body will struggle to remain overweight.

Your body doesn’t care whether you’re obese and whether your clothes sizes are getting larger. There are calorie calculators that help you establish calorie goals to trick your body to function on fewer calories, burning carbs or fats. If you restrict carbs to a bare minimum, the body will metabolize your fat as fuel. That’s a great way to lose fat easily.

Exercise and movement stimulate calorie loss and aid fat loss and muscle gain. Protein is an essential dietary factor for body maintenance and muscle tone. Protein calculators are helpful in guessing your daily protein needs for sedentary, moderately active, and active lifestyles. When you are monitoring calorie consumption and use, reduced fat intake and carb intake, protein bar supplements are helpful instead of that egg sandwich at McDonalds, Dunkin Donuts, or diner.

The United States Department of Agriculture offers many healthful hints to eat healthy and manage weight. As part of a conscientious diet and exercise initiative, your body’s size and energy levels may improve over reasonable time. There’s no quick-fix. Time is a factor. Think how long it took you to get overweight. Supplemental use of protein nutrition bars help support goals as needed.

Here is a list of Protein Bars:

Soy Protein Bars

Whey Protein Bars

Only 2 Protein Bars, Quest and ISS Victory Bar, use Isomalto-Oligosaccharides. Many love them but there is a pending suit about nutritive claims.

I use Clif Builders bars and Promax before or after exercise.

Avoid protein bars that say “No Sugar Added”. These may be untasty or use sugar alcohols to simulate sweetness. Sugar alcohols are not viewed as sugars. Many sugar alcohols are natural but a couple (Maltitol and Mannitol) may have a laxative effect if eaten to excess. Sugar alcohols do not intoxicate but are part of the alcohol family. They are lower glycemic and reduce nutritive carb values. Taste is an issue and these do contain calories.

I’ve tried Quest Nutrition. They taste great but they cost twice as much and, there are virtually no known negative effects of Isomalto-Oligosaccharides, I’m taking a wait-&-see approach. While Isomalto-Oligosaccharides are seen as a naturally occurring prebiotic, it is likely that most of the IMO is manufactured outside of the USA in Asian labs. Even though the FDA claims up to 30-45 grams per day is safe, I’m concerned about the purity of this product that is likely not manufactured under direct USA approval.

Isomalto-oligosaccharide is a mixture of short-chain carbohydrates which has a digestion-resistant property. Raw materials used for manufacturing IMO are starches similar to those found in foods, which is enzymatically converted into a mixture of Isomalto-=oligosaccharide. Most of the consumer products are sourced outside the USA, particularly Canada.

Non-digestible oligosaccharides are low molecular weight carbohydrates found in nature between simple sugars and polysaccharides. They can be obtained by direct extraction from natural sources, or produced by chemical processes hydrolyzing polysaccharides, or by enzymatic and chemical synthesis from disaccharides. IMO possesses important physicochemical and physiological properties, and are claimed to behave as dietary fibers and prebiotics. Increased understanding of the metabolism of prebiotic inulin and oligosaccharides by probiotics are facilitating development

Many food scientists around the world are excited about IMO and its potential dietary benefits. It adds sweetness and fiber to foods, making them more dietary efficient. Nonetheless, use of synthesized IMO as supplements to food is basically 21st-century technology and further research is recommended.

Quest Nutrition Bars and Victory Bars are popular among athletes and active individuals seeking to optimize performance potentials. Many claim they are tasty. At 160 to 180 calories and 20 grams of protein, with or without its claimed fiber, these (protein supplement) bars may be influential in starting your journey to seeing positive results in a weight management program. Just be sure that they are only part of your dietary intake. A balanced diet and moderate exercise program is still advised as a long-term lifestyle approach.

Unlike most candy bars, protein bars are an acquired taste. They generally come in many flavors and flavor preferences are person-specific. Try an assortment first. While Isomalto-Oligosaccharides may sound complex, it is likely to be discussed, litigated and explored further as a beneficial or consequential approach to dietary health today and tomorrow.

It is mind over your body’s need to maintain status-quo. Aging automatically reduces lean muscles and fat naturally accumulates. A weight management lifestyle is no easy task. Make realistic expectations. Protein bars are convenient ways to help you gain advantages to lose weight. It’s an advantage but not an end. Weight management is a conscious effort but very rewarding for health and appearance.

Protein is important for health so use your protein calculator

Everyone knows that vitamins are essential for health maintenance. Carbohydrates (sugars and starches) and Fats are important too, and also taste good. Few recognize the importance of protein.

They are involved in virtually all cell functions. Each protein within the body has a specific function. Some proteins are involved in structural support, while others are involved in bodily movement, or in defense against germs. Proteins vary in structure as well as function. They are constructed from a set of 20 amino acids and have distinct three-dimensional shapes.

Muscle builders know that protein is necessary to help them exercise to new potentials. Proteins are the building blocks of muscle growth. As you age, muscles become less lean, weaken, and contribute to energy reduction. Eating protein is very important. Unlike vitamins, proteins are best eaten from many resources. You need protein in your diet to help your body repair cells and make new ones. Protein is also important for growth and development during childhood, adolescence, and pregnancy.

Proteins are generally found in animal foods, for example meat, fish, and eggs. Dairy milk provides about 8 grams od protein per 8-ounce serving. Those people trying to manage cardiovascular disease and those people who lean toward vegan diets should be aware that non-cholesterol sources may not have the amino acid compounds that your body needs.

Part of the digestive process breaks protein into amino acids. There are 20 known amino acids. Essential amino acids cannot be made by the body, and must be supplied by food. They do not need to be eaten at one meal. The balance over the whole day is more important. The nine essential amino acids are:
Histidine
Isoleucine
Leucine
Lycine
Methionine
Phenylalanine
Threonine
Tryptophan
Valine

Nonessential amino acids are made by the body from essential amino acids or in the normal breakdown of proteins. They include:
Alanine
Asparagine
Aspartic acid
Glutamic acid

Conditional amino acids are usually not essential, except in times of illness and stress. They include:

Arginine
Cysteine
Glutamine
Glycine
Ornithine
Proline
Serine
Tyrosine

All of these amino acids are necessary. Tyrosine is considered a not essential, conditional amino acid nut, according to Dr. Andrew Weil, Tyrosine may act as a precursor to neurotransmitters that help reduce depression and anxiety. Studies have also associated Tyrosine with helping Thyroid functions by stimulating essential thyroid hormones. So this conditional, non-essential amino acid is very significant.

Proteins are present in every cell and tissue, each one with a highly specialized function necessary for normal development and function with no one role more important than the others. You obtain most of the protein your body uses through your diet, although your body can metabolize some proteins automatically.

So how much protein do you need? The University of Maryland Medical System offers an excellent online protein calculator, based on age, height, gender, and activity. A 60 year old woman, 5 feet tall, with a sedentary lifestyle requires 57 grams per day. Light activity increases it to 62 grams. A 30 year old 6 foot male requires 91 grams per day (sedentary) or 98 grams (light activity). Activity increases minimum protein requirement.

For those dieters watching their carbohydrates, some theories indicate that dietary fiber and protein counteract the carb level. Research also indicates that when trying to lose weight, protein has a significant role in the protein/carb ratio factor.

What sugars and carbohydrates are to plants, proteins are to animals. Proteins are required for all the voluntary and autonomic movement that animals require to survive.

Considering high protein food sources, most are animal and these offer easy absorption during digestion. Soy and Tofu sources have recently been questioned regarding efficient metabolism and required amino acid relationships. Further research is required.

Of course, those with cardiovascular and cholesterol management issues may feel stuck between a rock and a hard corner. Statins (Lipitor, Crestor, Zocor) are helpful but can actually promote muscle waste in some people. People with muscular dystrophy can’t take statins. Weighing the importance of protein and general health maintenance, find and eat protein responsibly and stick to essential servings. Monitor your LDL levels at least three times per year.

Generally poultry is a very good protein source. When eaten skinless, the meat is low in saturated fat and high in the better monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fats. A 4-ounce portion provides about 200 grams of protein. Low- or non-fat milk provides about 32 grams of protein per quart with little cholesterol.

Protein shakes and protein bars that use whey protein isolates as a source as a source are beneficial meal replacements and convenient ways to access protein. Don’t rely on them as a sole source as excessive whey protein may result in digestive disorders. Also, when taking certain prescription drugs (such as antibiotics) there may be some negative interactions. As a support and as fuel before or after exercise, a protein shake or bar may be helpful.

Balance is the key to most diets and lifestyles. Get your vitamins and get your proteins. You just may end up feeling better. Meeting your minimum protein requirements is essential for what makes us human and active.