Global warming from within ocean hydrothermal vents

Climate change is a comprehensive issue. Has the world always had climate changes? They were reported in the biblical book of Genesis of the Old Testament. Of course they didn’t track weather patterns then. Burning forests may be the result of human error – an incorrectly disposed cigarette. Hydrothermal vents deep in our seas and oceans are recent discoveries where molten magma meets nearly frozen water. Are warming waters a problem from these natural hydrothermal vents?

Climate change is one of the major challenges confronting the future of planet Earth as we know it. All those Deep Planet videos we might watch demonstrate that beneath the oceanic depths are cracks, fissures, nooks, crannies as dangerous as the highest mountains above sea levels. Discoveries of hydrothermal vents at the ocean bottoms raise serious questions of warming waters and melting ice. Are we cooking from within?

Seismologists track the planet surface movements 24/7 at hundreds of points. Their information is critical predicting earthquakes and earthquake severity. Some movements are like hums while others crackle and pop. Global warming from within occurs during those innocent hums. That’s when hydrothermal vents form.

Hydrothermal vents occur at both diverging and converging plate boundaries. Heat is released as magma rises and cracks the ocean floor and overlying sediments. Seawater drains into the fractures and becomes super-heated, dissolving minerals and concentrating sulfur and other compounds. Sea creatures in those depths either thrive or die. At those greater depths via exploration equipment technologies many thrive.

Cold water meshes with extremely hot molten rock magma as vents burst through ocean floor. Discovered only in 1977, hydrothermal vents are home to dozens of previously unknown species. Huge red-tipped tube worms, ghostly fish, strange shrimp with eyes on their backs and other unique species thrive in these extreme deep ocean ecosystems found near undersea volcanic chains. These are the fit that have survived the initial heat blasts of formed hydrothermal vents. For us, these vents are as foreign as radio waves from galaxies 900 million light years away. But they exist throughout our planet.

For the most part these occasional hydrothermal vents for magma are relatively small…a few centimeters. For the most part, earth crust at ocean temperatures act as potent barriers. Then there’s human impact. In the past, the main human impact affecting deep-sea ecosystems was the dumping or disposal of litter into the oceans. If it were only litter. Humans have tossed some heavy items and waste that landed on ocean floors. All it takes is a tiny crack and a century to make a hydrothermal vent.

Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor may have some impact at releasing volcanic heat into our water systems, impacting ice formations and weather patterns as extreme heat converges with extreme cold. The severity is there may be communities of these hydrothermal vents deregulating a regulation system formed over millions of years.

People use hydrothermal energy for survival. Regulation of body temperature in vertebrates is a function of a central mechanism and the main thermoregulatory organ is again the hypothalamus, particularly the preoptic area (POA), where the sensory input on the brain temperature and core temperature is integrated. Other parts of the central nervous system, such as the brainstem and spinal cord, are also involved in thermo-regulation. Our bodies sweat because our skin has pores that help maintain thermoregulation.

Your hypothalamus is a section of your brain that controls thermoregulation. When it senses your internal temperature becoming too low or high, it sends signals to your muscles, organs, glands, and nervous system. They respond in a variety of ways to help return your temperature to normal.

The problems encountering ocean floor regularization are that if there may be one vent then there may be more hydrothermal vents forming a community. Each involves a hot/cold exchange and regulation is a war of average potentials.

And that process helps sustain a deep ocean balance. Most living things on earth depend on sunlight as the ultimate source of energy. Green plants use sunlight to make food by the process of photosynthesis. In the darkness of the ocean depths there is no sunlight for photosynthesis. So how do living things survive in such an environment? The answer is found in bacteria that can use another source of energy to make food.

Water coming out of a vent is rich not only in dissolved minerals but also in chemosynthetic bacteria. These bacteria are capable of utilizing sulfur compounds to produce organic material through the process of chemosynthesis. The bacteria are autotrophs that oxidize hydrogen sulfide in vent water to obtain energy, which is used to produce organic material (i.e. grow themselves).

Chemosynthetic bacteria are the primary producers and form the base of vent food webs. All vent animals ultimately depend on the bacteria for food. So hydrothermal vents are very beneficial to creatures living at the dark oceanic depths. For all we know, these vent/water exchanges have been present since the earth first developed its crust. Billions of years ago, according to science theoretical models.

Presence of hydrothermal vents probably have little to do with global warming. Releasing noxious gas and waste into our ecosystems may have had more impact. These vents may be natural players that rewrite regulation parameters of planetary climates. Climate change refers to the changes in the global climate which result from the increasing average global temperature. For example, changes in precipitation patterns, increased prevalence of droughts, heat waves, and other extreme weather, etc.

The debate is serious. On the nay side, earth’s weather patterns have only been recorded for the past 150 years. Yet, since the industrial revolution, about 300 years ago, new chemicals found their way into our vast ecosystem. Also, we are discovering more fluctuations of the space of our solar system and scientists are exploring phenomena such as hydrothermal vents. So there are statistical outliers that boggle finite conclusions. But, in our lifetimes, changes in climates have been observed.

Within hydrothermal vents, influences on water temperatures are vague. Hydrothermal fluid temperatures can reach 400°C (750°F) or more, but they do not boil under the extreme pressure of the deep ocean. As they pour out of a vent, the fluids encounter cold, oxygenated seawater, causing another, more rapid series of chemical reactions to occur.

Based on global water temperature statistics: The average temperature of the entire ocean surfaces usually ranges from 15 to 17 degrees Celsius (59 to 62.9 degrees Fahrenheit). There is a barrier between the surface water and deeper layers of the ocean that are not mixed. The barrier begins around 100 meters and can extend another few hundred meters downward. The average temperature of deep-ocean water is only 2°C (36°F). The water coming directly from a hydrothermal vent can reach up to 350°C (662°F) and is rich in dissolved chemicals. The hot spring water forms a plume above the vent, somewhat like smoke rising from a chimney into the air. Temperature-sensing instruments, towed behind research vessels, can detect these hot-water plumes and aid oceanographers in locating hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor.

Like hot springs and geysers on land, hydrothermal vents form in volcanically active areas—often on mid-ocean ridges, where Earth’s tectonic plates are spreading apart and where magma wells up to the surface or close beneath the seafloor.

These hot plumes of water from reactions with hydrothermal vents may contribute to ocean water temperatures from within.

As far as carbon dioxide releases into the air, results revealed that dissolved organic carbon is efficiently removed from ocean water when heated. The organic molecules are broken down and the carbon converted to carbon dioxide. The entire ocean volume circulates through hydrothermal vents about every 40 million years, according to theorists studying at University of Georgia.

Climate effects from vast forest fires, waste disposal, and gluttony for fossil fuels may be stressing our planetary biomes. They may arise from ignorance, irresponsibility, profit, convenience, and other factors. The vast fires of Australia may have been started by campers and smokers. 14 people have been arrested. Humans and humanity may be more significant drivers of climate changes than hydrothermal vents.

On seismology offices the earth is humming. Is it a happy or sad tune?

China global warming and cold shifts

I often wonder whether our neighboring planet Venus and its thick methane toxic atmosphere was once teeming with industry. Could pollution have killed its inhabitants as a result of global warming? It’s a quixotic question with no clear or supportable answer. The very cold facts of Earth’s winter of 2013 to 2014 may actually result from industrial influences associated with global warming.

Japan’s Panasonic joins other manufacturers offering special compensation to workers willing to work in the smoggy, polluted areas in China’s manufacturing centers. Chemical by-products found in smog is reported to result in global warming trends. Yet more countries in the northern hemisphere have encountered harsher winters that make this trend seem less affirmative.

It was reported that, in 2013, the Arctic area warmed by 4-degrees centigrade. This Arctic warming seems to be small but the domino effect resulted in a broader Jetstream than normal. What was once reported as cool northern air is now seen as a Polar Vortex.

Parts of USA and even the Mediterranean areas of Europe and Asia encountered colder temperatures and record snow accumulations this year. While one can argue that cold winter trends seem cyclical and follow a 20 to 25 year repetitive trend over the past 150 years, global warming may still be at fault.

While there are other factors that control weather patterns, such as Nino and Nina shifts, there seems to be more observable changes than we’ve seen as records are broken in many areas around the globe. Perhaps one of the biggest influencers may stem from how industry impacts and has already impacted the Earth’s atmosphere and environment.

The Industrial Revolution began nearly 300 years ago using coal and hydroelectric power as fuel. It began in the United Kingdom and spread throughout Europe and the USA. It was central to help create infrastructures such as bridges, railroads, and cars. Trains, farming equipment, and cars also used fuels that weren’t as clean as they are today. All these benefits brought invisible consequences that lead to global warming trends.

It was only in the 1970’s that global warming and air pollution became connected. Filtering manufacturing emissions contributed in price escalations of consumer products. Attempts to clean the air quality in key global cities induced a need to curb manufacturing emissions.

With opening relationships with Communist China, more companies found that shifting the manufacturing process to China and neighboring countries was a way to keep end-good pricing affordable while cleaning air quality in North America and Europe. Greater use of China as a manufacturing center seemed very beneficial at first. Yet only two decades later, ripples began in economic and labor distributions.

In 2006, former USA Vice President Al Gore wrote and made a movie called The Inconvenient Truth about the effects of world global warming. This triggered vehement levels of scientific debate as to whether global warming trends and theories postulated by Gore were scientifically founded.

As the polar vortex of 2013 brought cities to a stop and its continuance into 2014 brought the malaise to previously unaffected areas, more scientists seem to believe that arctic warming may be related.

As we sit behind our “Made in China” computers, tablets, and smartphones on China produced chairs while wearing China produced clothing, it is a very hard conundrum to figure out how to press China to reduce emissions that might be creating chaos with the atmospheric conditions that may be associated with global warming trends.

Companies like Panasonic that offer higher pay to work in China’s polluted cities may find lower life expectancies from working in toxic environments. Unless the international community shifts focus from regional wars to industry-related global warming very soon, vast climactic changes may eventually make more parts of our planet unlivable.

Global revolutions shouldn’t be focused on whether Ukraine is forced to remain with Russia or the European Union. Of the 200 or so (UN average) wars going on each day and terrorism threats, the war on global warming must be in the forefront of our thoughts and actions. Far Asia’s manufacturing helps make living more wonderful but at the cost of climate change trends. It is intoxicating! Avoiding and enforcing toxic pollution is a vital goal for greater comfort.

Global warming consequences are in play and climate reversal and answers are questionable. We know that pollution factors in atmospheric changes. Earth’s future will more likely encounter the threats of making the beautiful products of industry than the possibilities of a nuclear war. And future visitors to this third planet from our sun may one day witness the effects of what once was a promising, resourceful planet. Earth will be nixed from the intergalactic tour guide, with no statues of the globe that was Made in China.