Slavery exists since humans traveled as packs or tribes with leaders and followers, sharing gods and beliefs. Tribes would fight other tribes. The conquerors used the conquered as resources, as slaves to do what others didn’t want to do. Slaves were labeled by different languages and cultures. Slavery was a worldwide institution, even in Africa where Black tribe conquered other Black tribes. Black masters, Black slaves. Slaves were oppressed, bartered and sold as currency to do what others didn’t. Early discoverers of the America used Native Americans as slave laborers. Christianity (Catholicism) and Spanish replaced original languages and cultures. Black slaves were also bought from Black masters and imported to the Americas, both North and South America. Coffee was traded from Brazil and Colombia and many slaves were used. Slavery isn’t noble, it’s an oppressive state of being And by the 19th century grew out of favor in Western Civilization.
But South USA was cowered by the North after the Civil War. Legislatively, the new reality was np more slavery. Being Black and being White was not seen equally and skin color did not erase racial bigotry. It took another century to desegregate Blacks into USA culture and opportunity, despite southern white reluctance. Over 150 years have passed since the Emancipation Proclamation. Skin color remains the big divide. Black Americans should no longer be perceived as Black Americans. They should be Americans, free and equal. Yet…anger, stereotype, and discrimination still flow albeit in smaller creeks. The divided mindset has been institutionalized on both sides and equality of black and white are omitted from the tossed salad we call USA. Or is it deeper?
No institution is perfect. There are always rotten apples and rotten ideas. The world protests against mistreatment by police have become a revolution. Imprisoning populations during a coronavirus threat and the death of an American Black man set fire to a revolution to defund the police departments. Rotten apples and rotten conceptions about the police are now under the microscope. There is a new 21st century idea that police science and practice must be the new slavery in a modern post-colonial society. When colonialism exists, some slavery follows. But who are the slaves when attempts are made to revise decrepit systems? Freedom and liberty don’t come from violence. Or does it?
These protests aren’t just after bad police but that Black Lives Matter. I have always believed (and still do) that all lives matter. From media reporting, there seems to be an umbrella over poor Black American communities that Black slavery hovers in the minds of Black Americans. It’s about 8 generations since the Emancipation Proclamation was added to our Constitution. It’s It’s almost 55 years since Equal Opportunity and Desegregate legislation was passed. Martin Luther King’s dreams have been realized and surpassed in recent decades. Black Americans are integral in all matters of life and economics. Black Lives Matter isn’t a question. We may not be holding hands in harmony singing about a soda beverage but we are equal friends, partners, associates. That’s not slavery. What happened with George Floyd was police incompetence and disrespect. All life matters and living should be distinct and respected. Lives to breathe and seek happiness and justice must be respected. The images and sounds could have happened to anyone. Black Americans are no longer slaves. All life and lifestyles matter.
Racial slavery, discrimination, gender, and bias are not new concepts in history. As far back as 6800 B.C. The world’s first city-state emerges in Mesopotamia. Land ownership and the early stages of technology bring war—in which enemies are captured and forced to work: slavery.
In the USA, having or not having slavery became a Black and White conflict. In Africa, where most owners and slaves were black, lineage incorporation was the primary purpose of slavery, and in most societies slaves were allowed to participate in many aspects of social life. The most basic purpose of slavery is to rid oneself of work and force the hideous labor upon someone else. Since the time of our more primitive era, societies have taken slaves from war and conquest, and forced them to do their workaday tasks. Slavery was a societal class. Many eastern cultures had class-systems and slavery was a class in Hindu and others.
Slavery was, in many cultures, a class that was often protected by codes and rules. The book of Exodus in the Old Testament of the Bible contains the story of freeing the Hebrew slaves from bondage in Egypt. Post slavery, after the 10 commandments were delivered for all followers, ethics and laws were indicated about treatments and choices of those enslaved. by the Hebrews or nearby cultures. This is an irony found in the Bible several times. Former Hebrew slaves, made to work for 400 years had servants and slaves. They were protected classes. Rules and ethics were revised in Leviticus and Deuteronomy.
Africans organized their societies around the family unit, and gold supply often dictated which society held the most power—until the start of the Atlantic slave trade. Africans engaged in tribal warfare among hundreds of tribes. The winners possessed power. The conquered likely ended up in some type of slavery. Since the 1400’s, colonizing the new Americas made slavery an economic power.
The beginning of the Atlantic slave trade in the late 1400s disrupted African societal structure as Europeans infiltrated the West African coastline, drawing people from the center of the continent to be sold into slavery. Those sold were usually slaves that resulted from earlier African tribal conflicts. New sugar and tobacco plantations in the Americas and Caribbean heightened the demand for enslaved people, ultimately forcing a total of 12.5 million Africans across the Atlantic and into slavery. Spain, Denmark, Britain, France first used Native Americans as slave labor. Trading resources were the roots of global economy. At the time, the Americas were what China is today. Think about the Atlantic and Pacific tea company.
In what eventually became the USA, slavery was a societal class. South USA were importing slaves from Africa and other areas. No northern or middle colony was without its slaves. From Puritan Massachusetts to Quaker Pennsylvania, Africans lived in bondage. Economics and geography did not promote the need for slave importation like the plantation South. Consequently, the slave population remained small compared to their southern neighbors. Yet southern USA developed the most crude type of slavery. Chattel slavery is the most common form of slavery known to Americans. This system, which allowed people — considered legal property — to be bought, sold and owned forever, was supported by the US and European powers in the 16th – 18th centuries. This is why a slave was considered 4/5 of a human. This was neutralized tn the Emancipation Proclamation and later revised with equal opportunity laws.
There were and are many definitions and types of slavery tha have been lawfully eliminated over the past 200 years. Sadly, among many cultures slavery exists as:
Sex Trafficking. The manipulation, coercion, or control of an adult engaging in a commercial sex act. …
Child Sex Trafficking. …
Forced Labor. …
Forced Child Labor. …
Bonded Labor or Debt Bondage. …
Domestic Servitude. …
Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Child Soldier
These forms of slavery have been abolished by USA and many western nations but they do exist. Some are slavery entrapped to pay for immigration costs. Many countries use children for labor and soldiering. In the USA, child labor extended from orphanages in cities to do farming in rural areas. As late as 1988, the most sweeping federal law that restricts the employment and abuse of child workers is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Significance separates minors from adults. Minors 14 to 15 years of age may work up to 3 hours on a school day, 8 hours on a nonschool day, and 18 hours in a week, between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. when school is in session, until 9 p.m. from June 1st through Labor Day, and as many as 40 hours per week when school is out.
While certain counties, especially Southern, used police for slave patrols, these were abolished by early 20th-century.
Rudolph Giuliani was one of the urban mayors that consolidated transit, traffic, corrections, and truancy police into one giant department. At the time President Bill Clinton spoke for more police patrols. Rushed training made on-job-training with lack of people contact resulted in more conflicts and racial profiling, even though many patrols were Black and Latino.
Under Mayor Bloomberg, working with consolidated police force. adopted Stop and Frisk practices that were used in other cities. At the height of stop-and-frisk in 2011 under the Bloomberg administration, over 685,000 people were stopped. Nearly 9 out of 10 stopped-and-frisked New Yorkers have been completely innocent. According to the NYPD’s Annual Reports: In 2019, 13,459 stops were recorded. Biased racial profiling put the brakes on that program.
Those were heinous policies that evoked criticism from Black American communities. None were the size of the protests after the George Floyd tragedy.
Black Lives Matter as do all in the USA tossed salad of infinite shades, cultures, languages, genders, and lifestyles. For over 150 years, slavery was abolished constitutionally in the USA.
Agreed…more people are forgetting the mantra of the Statue of Liberty:
“Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!
Yet I respect these words by President Abraham Lincoln As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy.
Racism should not be debatable in USA today. All of us should be above that. But…we are imperfect and forgetful that the USA fought hard to be liberated from foreign colonialists.
We must cast aside the chains and thoughts of slavery. We should empirically investigate justice. We must monitor actions. We must no longer own slavery or the slavery ideas we choose to own. Black lives matter but all lives, from the poorest, must take the opportunities to educate ourselves and our children that there are more ethical ways to live.
The paths carved for freedom need to be examined and traditions need to be remembered and updated for an ever-changing society. Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome, was once said by Booker T. Washington. Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) was born into slavery and rose to become a leading African American intellectual of the 19 century, founding Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (Now Tuskegee University) in 1881 and the National Negro Business League two decades later. Washington advised Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft. His infamous conflicts with black leaders like W. E. B. Du Bois over segregation caused a stir, but today, he is remembered as the most influential African American speaker of his time.
There are concepts and realities that have changed drastically over the past 100 years. The police need better training that all lives matter. At the same time, any people violating laws should be wary that they’ll be caught. You need police to control speeding cars, handle emergencies, and confront those that deny your own personal rights. Black lives will really matter more if police and social services are funded as a cooperative in areas where Blacks feel left out. It takes money, it requires understanding, it requires motivation.
An estimated 26,730 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes through September 30, making the third quarter of 2019 the eighth consecutive year-to-year quarterly decline in fatalities since the fourth quarter of 2017. Police have been involved with investigating and ticketing compulsive speeders. There are so many things that show police concern. According to Wisconsin Public Radio, from 2013 to 2018, the motor vehicle crash fatality rate for black Wisconsinites more than doubled, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, 31 African Americans died from motor vehicle deaths. The worst year was in 2017, when 79 African Americans died, according to the CDC data used in the report.
Since George Floyd there have been incidents where police have been shot. Their lives matter too. The Southern Poverty Law Center is a large non-profit organization that helps the poor get better justice. The SPLC is the premier U.S. non-profit organization monitoring the activities of domestic hate groups and other extremists – including the Ku Klux Klan, the neo-Nazi movement, neo-Confederates, racist skinheads, black separatists, antigovernment militias, Christian Identity adherents and others. They are currently tracking more than 1,600 extremist groups operating across the country. They publish investigative reports, train law enforcement officers and share key intelligence, and offer expert analysis to the media and public.
With no police, we breed anarchy…and that is no answer. Blacks, Latinos and others must join in conversations and meetings to attack the hatred that breeds in this country against skin color or language or gender. We all need training to follow-through on this country we share. Racism must stop and we all need training.
The violence and fear emanating from these protests reveal the best and worst of us. All lives matter. Until we truly believe that, resolutions won’t happen. Many of the protesters from the 60’s, gave in to the system by the 70’s. Who remembers Jerry Rubin?
Rather than breaking chains of slavery, we must dissolve them for a fairer future. We must work to heal our selves from hatred, jealousy, and viruses. That’s where action must focus.
Slavery, black or otherwise, and the racism that go along with it are bad. After 6,000-plus years of slavery as an institution, there are no easy equalizers. Protesters want it now. Making life matter to and for all is a process. It’ll take time. Police are necessary. Discussion groups involving parents, children, officials, all people and races need to be part of an active lifestyle extending over many generations.