Unmasking protective mask types to prevent coronavirus and more

You can bitch, moan, or debate about PPP and PPE. Wearing a protective mask and pair of gloves during a horrible disease pandemic is a necessary prophylactic, both courteous and wise. What were once used as options in factories, medical and science offices are now more essential wearables in a world where tiny microbes coexist with us through an invisible masks.

People tend to shy from using prophylactics such as a protective mask. Another form of prophylactic is use of a condom. The global rate of unintended pregnancy was estimated at 44% of all pregnancies between 2010 and 2014, corresponding to approximately 62 unintended pregnancies per 1000 women between the ages of 15–44 years old. One in two sexually active persons will contract an STI by age 25. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that nearly 20 million new STIs occur every year in this country, half of those among young people aged 15–24. Yet the use of condoms as a prophylactic measure remains constant.

We take our breathing and our respiratory health for granted, but the lung is a vital organ that is vulnerable to airborne infection and injury. Respiratory diseases are leading causes of death and disability in the world. Coronavirus-19 barely comes close to those numbers but ranks high among infectious, contagious diseases. Virus based colds are varied. Flu is a common, common cold. Discovery and use of flu vaccines help make incidence less common. Each year new viruses develop and attack unprotected immune systems. According to CDC, about 400,000 patents were hospitalized with a viral infection, each year, over the past decade. Many of those patients died because of respiratory issues that occured prior to flu.

Wearing a protective mask and gloves, especially in dense populations, may prevent these “colds” from spreading to others. Or prevent their colds spreading to you. Sneezes and coughs spread droplets of microbes and some are infectious. Using a hand or sleeve to cover a sneeze is no sure way of filtering spread to others or to items they carry. Viruses are tiny microbes. They are about 1/3 of 1 micron in size. If you lined them on a ruler, there might be over 100,000 to an inch. A protective mask helps filter viruses from entering nose and mouth. What was optional in the 20th century seems more reasonable in the 21st. Microscopes that discovered tiny microbes (electron microscopes) were more accessible to labs in the 1960’s. Perhaps there’s a lesson we should learn during this pandemic. A protective mask, gloves, and some proportionate social distancing may help humans survive better into the 22nd century. Scientists have only been glimpsing into sub-micron sized particles for the past 50 years and their behaviors.

There are many protective masks. Let’s explore a few. There are basics: homemade cloth face mask, surgical mask {procedure and respirator), N95/N98/N99?N100 respirator.Many are made of paper and are disposable. Some are plastic and N100 is notably metallic. On those masks there are filters (often carbon) that are replaceable.

A surgical/procedure mask is a 3-layer to 5-layers protective sheet, rectangular, with ear loops or head-straps. The are usually common and affordable. Most masks worn during routine medical exams are also found in nail salons. This mask is a loose-fitting disposable mask that protects the wearer’s nose and mouth from contact with droplets, splashes and sprays that may contain germs. A surgical mask also filters out large particles in the air. Surgical masks may protect others by reducing exposure to the saliva and respiratory secretions of the mask wearer. These generally do not have FDA approval for surgical use. They are fine for l;leisure walking, short periods, with social distancing. Protection might be 70 to 90% and are comfortable.

There are fabric masks, usually handmade or fashionable, that function like procedure masks. They tend to protect from colder weather. They are seen as bandanas and scarves as well. Fabrics must be very tightly woven to offer protective mask protection. Mesh won’t do. So inappropriate for summer wear.

Cloth masks may be custom designed and laundered. Cloth masks are cheap and simple to make. Must be tightly stitched as microns get through. CDC offers designs for no-sew that may provide very near to N95 efficiency.

More appropriate for surgery, N95 mask offers more protection than a surgical mask does because it can filter out both large and small particles. The name indicates that the mask is designed to block 95% of very small particles. Like surgical masks, N95 masks are intended to be disposable. However, researchers are testing ways to disinfect N95 masks so they can be reused. These are costlier than procedure masks. Essential oil sprays (tea tree, oregano, eucalyptus) may be antiviral for longer durability but studies are thin. I’dd feel better if surgeon disposes of old masks. For tightest protection, the N95 protective mask manufacturers advise head-straps over ear-loops, clean-shaven instead of beards.

You may have heard of N98, N99, and N100 as a protective mask label. Often respirators with added filters, these may be used by doctors but are more common for use in areas of extreme toxic chemicals. The difference between N95, N99 and N100 masks is simply the filter’s efficiency level. N95 filters 95% of particulates and N99 filters 99% of particulates on the air. The higher the efficiency, the more particulates respirator will filter out. That means microns are virtually filtered.

N100 masks are designed to protect the wearer from inhaling non-oil-based particulates, and according to OSHA standards, they must prevent 99.97 percent of those particulates from getting in when properly worn. The larger, bulky N100 protective mask is designed to block dangerous hazards like lead, cadmium, arsenic and methylenedianiline, commonly referred to as MDA. All the N100 masks usually are NIOSH-approved.

There are also P100 respirator protective mask types. P100 respirators are effective at blocking 99.97 percent of oil-based particulates when properly worn. They can protect wearers from exposure to dust, fumes and hazardous mists. P100 masks are ideal for construction environments, food processing plants, agricultural applications and pharmaceutical manufacturing. They also provide complete protection against non-oil-based particulates, like lead, arsenic and cadmium. P100 respirators are often used during welding, as well.

A protective mask may be created anywhere. Many are manufactured in Asia. The ways to help a consumer find the best protective mask is by regulating standards. You’ve probably heard of OSHA before, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration. NIOSH and OSHA are two sides of the same coin; they are different organizations, but they were both founded with the same act, and they work together to tackle the problem of workplace hazards. Yet, it’s likely that most of the masks used during the Coronavirus-19 pandemic were not manufactured to these standards.

NIOSH is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC. They tend to work more on the research and health side of things. That’s why they’re relevant for masks and respirators; they care about things like air pollution and environmental hazards and safety. So, expect NIOSHA to be recommended by the CDC.

So…many of the disposable procedure and N95 masks may NOT be as efficient as claimed. It’s possible they were designed for cosmetic applications and food preparation instead of medical use. Theoretically, use of a protective mask and a pair of gloves, along with reasonable social distance may help keep some infectious flu microns away.

There are man points and counterpoints about how to live in a world with coronavirus. Habitually wearing a protective mask and pair of gloves when outdoors is your first shield against microbial infections. During a pandemic, epidemic, or “cold” seasons these are prophylactic measures to improve wellness. Yes, you can gamble your health with many things other than microbes. I think wearing a suitable protective mask is a safety net with degrees of assurance.

Coronavirus-19 means there were previous coronaviral sources of the flu. Vaccines contain protection from those. The current microbe is a recmutation. It may not be in every breath you take or in any breath you take or anything you touch but can be encountered, especially among crowds of people. Some, only few have flu-like symptoms and, of those, may be unaware that they are carriers. Using a protective mask and gloves might help reduce the spread of infection.

I think that beyond wearing masks and gloves routinely, social distancing and quarantines may not be necessary. People need liberty to socialize and go places. In cold seasons, I’d advise wearing masks and gloves as a health and fashion ethic. Yet, we see that people don’t use condoms, don’t diet, don’t exercise. Mutual reciprocity in relationships must proximally overcome social barriers. A protective mask needs to become an ethical part of your wardrobe. You are not over-reacting if you use a protective mask within a vetting process. It is mutual protection of the other. Wearing a protective mask and gloves are not punishments. They help prevent disease spread for you and for others.

Respiratory illnesses cost the U.S. economy roughly $40 billion a year — substantially more than other conditions like asthma, heart failure, and emphysema. There are larger numbers when you add non-viral and viral expenses and sick days. Yet group dynamics prove that people don’t follow rules or ethics. You shouldn’t be forced to wear a protective mask if you’re willing to sin against harming others and/or self. Infectious diseases are humanity’s bane. A protective mask and responsible distancing help keep societies and businesses in balance. Let debaters continue to debate with or without masks. Viruses will mutate further. Left futures decide and predict whether these masks may be more necessary than now.

Sex workers and coronavirus

There’s coronavirus. Then there’s political coronavirus. Stress runs rampant in important election years. Politics and sex are always political. This pandemic is giving bona-fide sex workers the shaft as they and their frustrated clients are worlds apart.

Googling over small businesses effected by the coronavirus pandemic, I was surprised to find sex trade among them. Sex trade!! Sex trade implies human trafficking, runaways, and drug addicts forced into street waling prostitution. Sex workers aren’t necessarily selling sex. Above board they are escorts or role-play workers. On 4/20/2020,CNN posted that Japan will provide financial aid to sex workers. In the USA, salaried, tax-paying sex workers with the Adult Performer Actors Guild (APAG) are protesting their ineligibility for the tax stimulus. Later, it was noted that street walkers were not eligible but if you worked at an agency, you might be paid. Oddly enough, there are about 4,000 escort services under names such as Leisure Time incorporated. Accepting credit cards, escort and role-play service income is taxable.

While people are dying from coronavirus, and front helpers are feeling stressed. other front runners are trying to remain employed and working as dancers, escorts, and…. well you know. Tourism is down. Theaters and trade shows are closed. Believe it or not, people in the sex trade are feeling the effects of safety for themselves and for customers.

It seems trivial but sex workers brace for losses from coronavirus quarantines during pandemic. According to BBC news, like the rest of the world, sex workers are shifting from offline personal work to online virtual work.

Those employed (or leased) as escorts or role-play agents have been concerned about safety standards, including dancers, since March. Most prohibited more intimate lap-dancing as it went against social distancing. Both stated preference of working with regular clients than accepting new ones. Most use masks and gloves as protective gear. Sex workers are facing dire financial and personal circumstances as fear of the coronavirus extends into every corner of life, with some under pressure to work in increasingly risky conditions. Most sex workers say “No” to any sexual contact and expect clients to follow strict safe, sane, and consensual standards before meeting.

Many sex workers are male and female, former models, medical/law students, unemployed dancers and actors. They seek part-time, high paying work that’s safe. According to Newsweek 4/17 sex workers are using internet and social media sites such as twitter and Instagram to sell services.

Can escorts work? A male escort must wear a face mask (N95) and gloves./ A female might dress modern Islamic with glove and mouth cover. Role Play? Think full body suits. Otherwise… stick to online.

Of course what makes this line of work sexual is the optional negotiation of adding sex. Herein lies potential for possible sexual transmitted diseases.

Coronavirus is very serious and shouldn’t be taken lightly. Any interaction at closer distances should be tested. Speed and efficiency of testing may not be suitable as yet. The clue is if theaters, clubs, restaurants, museums are closed, people are less likely to pay over a thousand dollars to be seen with a beautiful escort.

During this pandemic uncertainty is dangerous and there’s no concept of love for sale. After coronavirus passes, sex workers return to new normal.Online is the wisest choice… flirt, tease, edge. All with the safety of anti-virus PC protection. Then, afterwards, your clients (political reps, pundits, PACs, and others return. Just influence that salaried sex workers deserve federal stimulus and unemployment benefits. Among your wealthy, stressed clients, as upper-crust sex workers you certainly have influence.

Social distancing in new relationships

Intimacy and seeking intimate relationships have always come in many different flavors. While COVID-19 promotes social distancing, many relationship counselors share their few cents of sense. Regardless whether you’ve been together for a hot minute or for what feels like forever, practicing social distancing together can quickly bring up the strengths and weaknesses in even healthy relationships. Or point out all the differences.

Long distance relationships go back through centuries. Relationships were made for strategic alliances among countries. Farmers arranged marriages among children to build labor forces, finding mates from other towns.

In 2015, Queen’s University Belfast researchers studied 1,142 relationships. All couples were in their 20’s, 30 percent of them were out of college, and 77 percent were heterosexual. The results showed that people in long distance relationships indicated the same levels of intimacy, communication, commitment, sexual satisfaction, and overall satisfaction as those in geographically close relationships.

Social media and digital match making businesses, such as e-harmony.com, help singles find mates. These use personality types, interests, pictures, and videos. How truthful are these? That may take vetting. Vetting is the process of performing a background check on someone before offering them employment, conferring an award, or doing fact-checking prior to making any decision. In addition, in intelligence gathering, assets are vetted to determine their usefulness.

In some religions or cultures, parents and friends get involved in studying potential mates (or dates) for compatibles or incompatibilities. Some outcomes may prevent a first date from ever happening. For many centuries, chaperones were customarily used on initial dates.

Prior to the digital age, Pen-pals were people that write to one another from all over the world. Some classic movies and books dealt with the pro’s and cons. In a 1940 classic movie Shop Around the Corner (based on a Hungarian play) two employees at a gift shop can barely stand each other, without realizing that they are falling in love through the mail as each other’s anonymous pen pal. Yes, distances and anonymity can really corrupt long distance relationships.

COVID-19 corrupts the dating process with physical masks and gloves and actual physical distance. Most restaurants and bars have tables barely 3 feet wide. The question of whether COVID-19 is sexually transmitted is largely irrelevant to the risks of having sex with someone who is infected. Coronavirus is transmitted, among other ways, through droplet infection. Secretions from the mouth (consisting of saliva and mucus) and nose can contain the virus. Even if you don’t kiss the person you are having sex with, you are likely to be breathing closely together. You are likely to be touching the same surfaces, which someone could have touched with soiled fingers.

Adding to complications are possible sexually transmitted diseases (STD) that most commonly occur prior sex. Only certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are transmittable through kissing. Two common ones are herpes simplex virus (HSV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Kissing can be one of the most exciting parts of a relationship. But you may also feel wary of kissing if you’re with someone for the first time. When adding COVID-19 possibilities, gloved handshakes might be preferable.

While 82% of couples in long distance relationship put an end to their adventure after finally moving in together, according to a Ohio State University 2019 study. Many relationships hardly get to a single date or beyond a second date.

With Facebook, Twitter, and dozens of social media sites, long social distancing relationships can be creepy. First is getting over avatars, false names, false gender, false location and false age. Yes, visual messengers help. You really don’t know how many simultaneous LDR a person has. Then these social distancing relationships grow stale. I have heard of cases where one ghosts the other. Ghosting is when someone you’re dating ends the relationship by cutting off all communication, without any explanation. After a long LDR social distancing relationship, psychological impact is devastating. When being ghosted, people often take it to reflect on themselves — their own wrong behavior, imperfections and flaws. But ghosting actually reveals more about the personality of the ghoster than the ghostee. Ghosting is most similar to the avoidance and the mediated communication strategies. Yes, social media exposes you to good relationships but more than many end up being superficial.

Social distancing during a pandemic still allows most to text, e-mail, and use multimedia messaging. Much may be shared by texting or phoning. Sometimes it releases higher quality sharing. Sometimes it doesn’t. Technology allows more depth than pen-pals. Social distancing redefines dating – casual or otherwise. You might say SIRI or the click is mightier than roses or chocolates. Literal sharing creativity has spawned eroticism in media and can transpose to interesting flirting. The power of social distancing can be perceived as 21st century foreplay.

In recent weeks, many people throughout our planet have begun working remotely, if they haven’t been furloughed or laid off; schools have canceled classes for weeks; and restaurants, retail stores, bars, gyms, and other gathering places in dozens of states have shuttered. Meeting with friends, socializing in brick (real physical) reality has become abstract. These are significant life-changers and, if we don’t show it, we are stressed nonetheless. Social distancing technology is vastly becoming a more powerful medium. It’s the new reality.

Social distancing doesn’t mean everyone is sick. Wearing gloves, masks, and other protective gear is ethically responsible (though some may find it kinky). Ethical obligation to curtail activities, practice social distancing, and substitute activities with safer alternatives, like teleconferencing instead of in-person work meetings or, even if you live in a city where bars are still open, changing a first date from a wine bar to a walk outside may seem like a kinky way of living. Yet, social distancing protects all who we encounter, ourselves, and significant others and is the most responsible way of flattening statistical curves to avoid further spread of this virus.

In Ireland, public health officials are encouraging a “no parties, no playdates, no playground” policy, per the Irish Times. Muireann Ní Chrónín, a consultant respiratory pediatrician at Cork University Hospital, told the paper: “In most epidemics, young children are the transmitters.” With Covid-19, older people are most at risk, but children can spread the disease, and at least a small risk of severe illness is present for all age groups.

As animals have historically been carriers of viruses, pets may need tests and social distancing. I would guess no mingling in dog-run parks.

Coping with surviving an infectious microbe requires thinking beyond normal. Coronavirus will likely evolve in future decades and we must adapt new ways to tackle them We must be mindful of three things:

Social distancing means keeping a safe distance (approximately 6 feet) from others and avoiding gathering spaces such as schools, churches, concert halls and public transportation.

Quarantine involves avoiding contact with others if a person has been exposed to coronavirus to see if they become ill.

Isolation involves separating an individual who has contracted COVID-19 to prevent them from spreading it to others.

As of this writing, COVID-19 has no vaccines, treatments or cures. These 3 lifestyles must be adopted. They are not easy. Psychologists’ research has found that during a period of social distancing, quarantine or isolation, you may experience:

Fear and anxiety
You may feel anxious or worried about yourself or your family members contracting COVID-19 or spreading it to others. It’s also normal to have concerns about obtaining food and personal supplies, taking time off work or fulfilling family care obligations. Some people may have trouble sleeping or focusing on daily tasks.

Depression and boredom
A hiatus from work and other meaningful activities interrupts your daily routine and may result in feelings of sadness or low mood. Extended periods of time spent at home can also cause feelings of boredom and loneliness.

Anger, frustration or irritability
The loss of agency and personal freedom associated with isolation and quarantine can often feel frustrating. You may also experience anger or resentment toward those who have issued quarantine or isolation orders or if you feel you were exposed to the virus because of another person’s negligence.

Stigmatization
If you are sick or have been exposed to someone who has COVID-19, you may feel stigmatized by others who fear they will contract the illness if they interact with you.

Creating, having, and keeping meaningful (even flirty) relationships is very possible with social distancing. There may be some important things missing in social distancing but hope for fulfilling them when all this has passed. At this point, social distancing means affection.

Coronavirus and the Vegan Diet

Can you get coronavirus from eating a salad or vegan stew? Answer is yes. Wash your produce well and hope.

Coronavirus is the new 4-letter word that spreads like silent snipers through our planet. More people are being tested and, of those results, coronavirus is spreading. Of course, science is grappling with coronavirus by attempting to answer unanswerable questions. Are there false positives from tests? Are tests testing for the right virus? Also sneezes and coughs spread germs. Vegans, picking fruits and vegetables in produce aisles, are especially vulnerable too.

People constantly touch fruits and vegetables. They may also have colds and other seasonal infections. They squeeze items and put noses close to smell freshness, while dropping a few onto the floor.

A preliminary study published this week, used an atomizer to simulate a cough or sneeze spray of coronavirus strain. Discoveries were monitored and shared with Health institutes of University of California, Princeton University, and Center for Disease Control (CDC). The virus could be detected in the air for up to three hours after it was aerosolized with a nebulizer, up to four hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to two to three days on plastic and stainless steel.

Ever think about the surfaces of Apples, Pears, Citrus, Celery, and other produce? Is it possible that hard apples might be stained with coronavirus for days?

In this biome of plant growth, potential edibles are subject to dust, microbes, worms, and larvae of tiny little creatures. Many vegans claim that organic foods are invulnerable due to better care. Actually, that may be untrue. Instead of ordinary pesticides, pesticides from more organic sources are used.

List of Organic Pesticides:

Bacillus Thuringiensis. Bacillus thuringiensis, more commonly referred to as Bt, is a biological pesticide, which means it is a living organism that is in some way lethal to garden or yard pests.

Beauveria Bassiana. Beauveria bassiana is a fungus that grows naturally in soils throughout the world and acts as a parasite on various arthropod species, causing white muscardine disease; it thus belongs to the entomopathogenic fungi.

Kaolin Clay. The use of Kaolin clay in the garden has been found to control insect pests and disease as well as protecting against sunburn or heat stress and may enhance fruit color too.

Neem Oil. Neem oil insecticide kills some pests after they have eaten leaves sprayed with it, while it repels others with its strong smell. Neem oil is used to control many pests, including whitefly, aphids, Japanese beetles, moth larvae, scale, and spider mites.

Pyrethrum. Pyrethrins are pesticides found naturally in some chrysanthemum flowers. They are a mixture of six chemicals that are toxic to insects. Pyrethrins are commonly used to control mosquitoes, fleas, flies, moths, ants, and many other pests. … Whole, crushed flowers are known as pyrethrum powder.

Plant Oils or Biopesticides. Oils such as lemon, orange, and anise give fruits and seeds their characteristic odor and taste. The oils are used as pesticides to repel certain animals and insects, and to kill certain insects. When used as pesticides, these oils do not present any known risks to humans or the environment.

Along with possible Coronavirus from other produce customers and staff, all these organic pesticides may coat your valued foods.

For most part, I see people washing produce for as little as 5 seconds under running water. Is this enough to remove insecticides and viruses like coronavirus? What do you think?

Vegans make it a point to wash produce thoroughly with ritualized practices. Some soak them in baking soda for 2-minutes then rinse thoroughly.

Some soak produce in Apple Cider Vinegar and rinse thoroughly. Some use ultrasonic basins or wands to sterilize the produce. Hopefully viruses like Coronaviruses go down the drain too.

Many people have seasonal colds caused by viruses. They do not respond well to antibiotics. Viruses are another microbial family. Most viral colds go away as weather warms. Viruses don’t survive in heat.

According to a new article in National Geographic, viruses that cause influenza or milder coronaviruses (yes, there are seven in total that affect humans) often subside in warmer months due to a concept called “seasonality,” or a predictable rise and fall depending on the time of year.

This coronavirus strain comes from a new side of the viral family… SARS-CoV-2. There have been reports that infectivity of SARS CoV (SARS coronavirus) was lost after heating at 56°C (132-degF) for 15 minutes but that it was stable for at least 2 days following drying on plastic, in a lab study of 2011 when a SARS flu was present. But this coronavirus (COVID-19) hasn’t been fully examined for high temperature tolerance.

There are 219 virus species that are known to be able to infect humans. The first of these to be discovered was yellow fever virus in 1901, and three to four new species are still being found every year. According to Medicine Plus, They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox, and Ebola. Different viruses attack certain cells in your body such as your liver, respiratory system, or blood. Some have been associated with cancer growth.

Current coronavirus strain still has more questions than answers. It’s spreading at a moderate but noticeable speed to impact society on many levels. Salads may be a great route to fitness. Vegetarian and vegan lifestyles deem healthy results. But you have to make certain that all produce, organic or conventional, is washed thoroughly. Based on SARS temperature range, I’d advise cooking above that tempoerature.

Do women have orgasms?

The nightly routine begins again. He lies on top of her. She feels his wetness. He kisses her forehead. She then says, staring upwards, “Honey our ceiling needs painting.” When it comes to sex, women are absolutely levels away. Do women have orgasms or do they fake them for their partner’s ego? Taboo to discuss, female orgasms are as complex as they are simple. They are about attachments and social glue. Not merely babies.

Issues related to sex are not talked about enough even with a health care provider. Let’s just start by saying, 65 per cent of women are embarrassed to say the word vagina and 45 per cent of women never talk about their vagina with anyone, not even with their doctor. Though attitudes on sex have changed, 10 to 20% of all women report they have never have never experienced orgasm. Are orgasms faked? Well, 80% experienced orgasm. Yes, women can experience orgasms. But is it important?

An orgasm is a climax of sexual excitement. While sex and orgasms are popular, there are other triggers. Some people receive orgasms from great foods, chocolates, conversation, events, and more. Asking someone special to dinner might be a prelude to relationship depth. Some find exercise as sexual. Planned Parenthood reports that in a 2000 survey, 39 percent of 2,632 U.S. women reported masturbating to relax. Orgasms may help improve complexion. The fabulous thing about the benefits of orgasm on your skin is that it doesn’t involve any fancy and expensive creams or lotions. But the best part is that you can reap all the good benefits orgasming alone, just as much as you can with a partner! According to Healthline, orgasms increase circulation to organs in the pelvic cavity, delivering nutrients, growing healthy tissues, and regulating your menstrual cycle. There are many health benefits to having orgasms, apart from calorie use. Just think of things that make you climax.

Dream cycles in sleep have been associated with orgasms. Wet dreams occur during sleep and consist of ejaculation for men or vaginal lubrication for women. They are also known as nocturnal emissions. They are sometimes interpreted as a spontaneous orgasm with associated dream content. Women may not be aware of the occurrence of vaginal lubrication or wetness during sleep associated with a wet dream, it is thought that they also experience this phenomenon, according to Verywell website. Yes, orgasms may occur when least expected in the unconsciousness of sleep.

When it comes to sex, men enjoy pursuit and conquest but how do women feel? Perhaps it’s attraction? Or other things. But do women experience orgasm through this sexy act? It seems sensuality takes a superior role over sexuality as per modern studies as to whether women orgasm in relationships or alone or ever. It may just be reproductive.

There was a classic Jerry Seinfeld TV show that covered that women fake orgasms. This was astounding to the male ego. Do women care for orgasms? Are men really necessary? So I came across this research article about how mysterious the female orgasm is. Based on animal studies, the presumption was orgasms led to reproductive success. Some research suggests that orgasms still create the perfect conditions for conception — even if they’re not necessary to ovulate.

Frequency of sex change upon meeting and after marrying. Based on survey results, early relationships report 31 percent of couples have sex several times a week; 28 percent of couples have sex a couple of times a month; and 8 percent of couples have sex once a month. However, another study, printed in The University of Chicago Press about 10 years ago, stated that married couples are having sex about seven times a month, which is a little less than twice a week. It’s risky to cite statistics on sexual satisfaction for a few reasons. This is because much of the data is from self-reported information. Based on psychological data, there is a decrease in both frequency and satisfaction as couples are together longer. Then there are hormonal changes. An average middle-aged adult might be 54 times/year (about 1/week).

Age decreases importance of frequency. There may actually be health benefits to maintaining your sex life. One study published in 2016, for instance, compared cognition to the sexual activity of people between 50 and 89. Women tend to report sensual companionship over sexual. It appears orgasm is less centered but touch is greater. Penetration is less important. Or is it? Among healthy baby boomers orgasms are more solo. Sex toy sales have risen in the over 60 population. A vibrator allows you to feel and give pleasure without vaginal penetration – a plus for women who have issues with dryness or pain during intercourse. Ironically, among women over 60,

In the early 1970’s, a young feminist, Shere Hite, published a 600 page book on female sexuality. The Hite Report revealed, based on surveys, the national study revealed that many women faked orgasms.

According to Medical News Today, the social expectations surrounding women’s orgasms can be particularly distressing to women who don’t always experience them. And when depictions of sex in the media are thrown into the mix, the gap between expectation and reality widens even further.

A Population Research Institute at the Family Federation of Finland study in Helsinki – asked more than 8,000 women in Finland about their sexual experiences. Prof. Kontula found that in 2015, only 6 percent of women said that they always had an orgasm during penile-vaginal intercourse, 40 percent said they had an orgasm nearly always, 16 percent of women had an orgasm half the time, and 38 percent had one infrequently. A total of 14 percent of women under the age of 35 had never had an orgasm from intercourse. Many had experienced orgasms through masturbation.

According to Woman’s Day, When you have a headache, it’s pretty common to go to bed. But you shouldn’t be sleeping. “There is some evidence that orgasms can relieve all kinds of pain, including pain from arthritis, pain after surgery, and even pain during childbirth,” says Lisa Stern, R.N., a nurse practitioner who works with Planned Parenthood in Los Angeles. It’s largely due to the body’s release of oxytocin during orgasm, a chemical that facilitates bonding, relaxation, and other positive emotional states, she explains.

Woman’s Day goers on: According to recent research, 10-40% of women report having difficulty or an inability to reach orgasm. One of the best ways to fix that is through clitoral stimulation, Stern says. But medical treatment can also help, as some women suffering from female sexual dysfunction (FSD) may find topical testosterone therapies or oral medications to be helpful. Unfortunately, there isn’t a ton of solid medical evidence behind these treatments yet, which is why it’s important for researchers to keep digging. In the meantime, anyone experiencing difficulty should talk to their doctor as FSD can be associated with other medical conditions, including thyroid disease, depression, and diabetes.

Psychology Today reported across multiple different studies from the last several decades of research, scientists have consistently observed that between 60 and 80 percent of women will not orgasm during sex, and that a further 10 percent won’t orgasm at all in their lifetime.

Is it that men don’t care about discovering what turns women on or is it that most women are not interested? A recent study indicates that masturbation is preferred.

Culturally, to this day, female orgasms are suppressed by ritual removal of a young girl’s clitoris. Called female genital mutilation and cutting FGM/C, according to US government statistics researchers estimate more than 513,000 girls and women in the U.S. have experienced or are at risk of FGM/C within the USA. They add, “Worldwide, as many as 140 million girls and women alive today have been cut.” Although illegal in USA since 1996, FGM/C is reported on the news as on-the-rise in the USA. For faith or culture, many women have been served gender injustice for not being allowed to experience orgasm.

Amidst romantic notions and passions, women are capable of orgasms. How many are faked? A study, reported in Psychology Today in 2019, included 1,008 women between the ages of 18 and 94 who responded to a confidential Internet-based survey. The women were mostly heterosexual and they all lived in the United States. The results indicate that 58.8 percent of participants reported faking an orgasm at some point in time, but two-thirds of those who had ever faked an orgasm in the past indicated they no longer did. Other studies have found that anywhere from 25 to 74% of women admit to having faked an orgasm at some point in their lives within a couple relationship.

Female orgasms are more complex and varied than male orgasms. The high importance that society places on sex, combined with our incomplete knowledge of the orgasm, has led to a number of common misconceptions. There is researched evidence that orgasms are also not widely considered to be the most important aspect of sexual experience. One study reported that many women find their most satisfying sexual experiences involve a feeling of being connected to someone else, rather than basing their satisfaction solely on orgasm.

Overall, apart from reproduction, pleasure may be derived with or without orgasm by women. There are far more dimensions to relationship integrity. Even post-feminism, discussing orgasms is still taboo among women. The idea is a pro-choice issue. Partner or solo, orgasms are healthy and an integral part of living but not necessarily central to well-being on other levels.

Do you need orgasms? According to Medical News Today. “Several hormones that are released during orgasm have been identified, such as oxytocin and DHEA; some studies suggest that these hormones could have protective qualities against cancers and heart disease. Oxytocin and other endorphins released during male and female orgasm have also been found to work as relaxants.”

The high importance that society places on sex, combined with our incomplete knowledge of the orgasm, has led to a number of common misconceptions. Females seem to appear happier feeling/being strongly connected to someone else, rather than basing their satisfaction solely on orgasms. Females do have orgasms but relatedness is the nurture that tops the nature. Female orgasms might act as a kind of social glue.

Intelligent wearables digital clothing and smart diapers

I’m always true to you,darling, in my fashion (Cole Porter) and fashion is becoming smarter. For babies, there are intelligent wearables as diapers that help parents know when to change the baby’s diaper. Another example of intelligent wearables are sensor jumpsuits for diagnosing movement disorders in infants. Many wear intelligent wearables to display heart rates as belts or clothing. For all these, intelligent wearables started with less intelligent intentions as an E-textile for sex over the internet. Intelligent wearables are the present carving out futures for a world developed for smart apps.

Years ago, manufacturers integrated sensors or special wires to add warmth to socks and gear. These minute electronic fibers used conductors that added warmth without bulk for extreme weather conditions. They are called E-Textiles. An e-textile is a fabric developed with electronics in it to enable conductivity and the use of various technologies. Electronic textiles may be embedded with sensors, batteries, LEDs and hands-free computing devices, depending on the fabric’s purpose. That’s old tech. Those textiles are now smarter. Optical fiber embedded fabrics and conductive fabrics are good examples of passive smart textiles. A group of researchers are working on making diapers smarter for alerting parents when baby’s diaper needs changing. Directly to your smart device.

These researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology have been studying how to make diapers smarter when wet by sending a signal to your smartphone, according to Neuroscience News. The sensor consists of a passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tag, that is placed below a layer of super absorbent polymer, a type of hydrogel that is typically used in diapers to soak up moisture. When the hydrogel is wet, the material expands and becomes slightly conductive — enough to trigger the RFID tag to send a radio signal to an RFID reader up to 1 meter away.

While active RFID use battery sources, passive RFID systems use tags with no internal power source and instead are powered by the electromagnetic energy transmitted from an RFID reader. Passive RFID tags are used for applications such as access control, file tracking, race timing, supply chain management, smart labels, and more.

So, when available, these smart diapers might increase pricing by about 5-cents per diaper. It’s anticipated that increased use of RFID may match current pricing if popular. The ominous question is whether 1 meter (about 40 inches) is sensible whem parents are mobile with children. I am certain they will have Pamper apps on their phones for alerts.

My view, when it comes to having a baby using diapers, an app-based method of prompting diaper changing is neat. I think that the range should be double but will the baby feel the current. Also, what are long-term benefits or consequences of these smart diapers? Studies of exposure to electromagnetic sources have been inconclusive as harmful to adults. What about babies? But there are other electromagnetic sensor E-textiles of medical benefit.

Another study focuses on sensors in infant jumpsuits as a diagnostic tool. It tracks Automatic Posture and Movement Tracking of Infants with Wearable Movement Sensors.

The study aims to focus on key global healthcare challenges to detect the early recognition of infants that eventually develop lifelong neurocognitive disabilities.

The use of intelligent wearables is believed to be a more accurate method to help monitor infant movements, without using external wires. The sensors are data collectors and the sensors are “read” by diagnostic teams. The garment features a total of four battery operated wireless Suunto Movesense sensors that are mounted proximally in the upper arms and legs. Of course, will the infant feel these?

Suunto Movesense sensors have been used for several years as belts and wearable devices to help measure heart rates in adults. Using Swedish technology, Suunto is compatible for smart apps and intelligent wearables.

According to the researchers, the primary goal of the present jumpsuit setup and analysis was to obtain a temporally rich description of the infant movement activities over periods of time. This information could be used later to support a variety of clinical goals and decision making. In addition, an automated classifier for such movements could be then fine-tuned or adapted for more specialized clinical diagnostics or evaluation of intervention efficacy — tasks for which less training data are typically available compared to the overall infant population available for data collection.

There is an importance to see research expand the use of intelligent wearables or smart textiles for medical testing of children and adults. These may one day replace bulky EKG and EEG wiring systems used for current medical evaluations.

Oddly, the initial designs of the early development of intelligent wearables came in the 1980’s, as teledildonics. Teledildonics evolved as technology for the sex toy market and improved internet-based socialization. As per Gizmodo web site, thanks to a new generation of internet-enabled playthings that fall under the awesomely-named umbrella of teledildonics. These toys let long-distance partners “feel” each other in real-time via data-enabled devices. Yes, intelligent wearables for our more fundamental instincts.

According to Cleo Stiller of Fusion, they’re basically sex toys that can be controlled from the Internet — that is, they can be controlled from anywhere by sending data back and forth between a device and a controller. That means that you can control a sex toy your partner is using and vice versa, thus creating a long-distance version of the kind of physical intimacy that has hitherto only existed when all partners are in the same location. A good example of this would be a vibrator you’re using that your significant other is controlling on their smartphone on the other side of the globe.

Intelligent wearables may have nothing to do with your intelligence levels. Intelligent wearables may make life and living seem smarter. Will wearing intelligent wearables be in your future? Maybe you can check your SmartWatch and share?

Forget about those skin implant tags. Intelligent wearables may track your movements and lifestyles.

Metformin and diabetes scare

Diabetes is a pandemic with prevalence in USA and most of the world. Metformin is one of the oral pills prescribe by doctors as an alternative to injected insulin. Metformin is a treatment for Diabetes 2. In order to get cured, a diet and exercise regimen must be integrated as a routine lifestyle. Sadly, most people continue taking pills, drink soda, eat Oreo, and watch TV. Then they wonder why Metformin dose increases as Diabetes grows worse.

More than 100 million U.S. adults are now living with diabetes or prediabetes, according to a recent report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin, and are born with it. People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin, according to Healthline. There have been higher incidences of Diabetes Type 2. Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. You may not feel it. Could be major or minor. A blood test at your primary care physician is the best way to get clues.

So you’ve got the results of your blood test. Basic glucose is in normal range. Your triglycerides are in the normal range. But the Hemoglobin A1C is getting mighty close to the pre-diabetic range. The A1c test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last 2 to 3 months by measuring the percentage of glycated hemoglobin in the blood and has been added to blood tests over the past 10 years. Now your doctor recommends starting Metformin on prescription. Metformin is a commonly prescribed drug. Metformin works to lower the amount of sugar in the blood of people with diabetes. It does this by lowering the amount of sugar produced in the liver, and also increasing the sensitivity of muscle cells to insulin. In your blood test, it helps reduce your Hemoglobin A1c score. Does it make you non-diabetic?

There are a few things to consider:

Metformin leads to significant reduction in testosterone levels, sex drive and induction of low testosterone-induced erectile dysfunction. Of course so can diabetes.

Commonly reported side effects of metformin include: lactic acidosis, diarrhea, nausea, nausea and vomiting, vomiting, and flatulence. Other side effects include: asthenia, and decreased vitamin B12 serum concentrate. 77% of metformin users with vitamin B12 deficiency also had peripheral neuropathy, a common form of nerve damage associated with type 2 diabetes. Peripheral neuropathy is a type of nerve damage most often characterized by pain, tingling, and numbness in the hands and feet. Vitamin B-12, or cobalamin, is a nutrient you need for good health. It’s one of eight B vitamins that help the body convert the food you eat into glucose, which gives you energy.

Impaired renal function can lead to the accumulation of metformin, and elevated concentrations of metformin have been associated with lactic acidosis.: Metformin may have an adverse effect on renal function in patients with type 2. Metformin is not considered intrinsically hepatotoxic. In fact, metformin may be beneficial in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Damaged liver diseases may not work with metformin.

Metformin has been around since the 1920’s. It is based on natural sources. Metformin was originally developed from natural compounds found in the plant Galega officinalis, known as French lilac or goat’s rue. Metformin was also marketed as Glucophage. Generic metformin and Glucophage are prescription medications for Diabetes Type 2, and are taken orally.

We mention that Diabetes 2 may be linked to poor diets and lack of exercise. Medical News Today notes: Exercise can reduce insulin resistance and improve type 2 diabetes symptoms. However, some research suggests that taking metformin in the short term may reduce the positive effects of exercise on insulin sensitivity. One study showed metformin alone and exercise alone led to 55% and 90% improvements in skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity, respectively. Significantly, however, metformin + exercise led to a smaller improvement at 30%.

Is it better to focus on activity lifestyle changes than resorting to Meformin? Does diet factor in?

Per Healthline, Metformin doesn’t really link with helping weight loss. f you’re losing weight while taking metformin, it may or may not be the result of the medication. Weight loss can result from other factors as well. For example, some health conditions may cause loss of appetite, which can lead to weight loss. These conditions include:
depression
stress
anxiety
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
cancer
AIDS
Parkinson’s disease

Classic signs and symptoms that suggest you’ve moved from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes include:
Increased thirst.
Frequent urination.
Fatigue.
Blurred vision.

The symptoms of diabetes 2 are something to get depressed and anxious about. The early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:
Frequent urination.
Increased thirst.
Always feeling hungry.
Feeling very tired.
Blurry vision.
Slow healing of cuts and wounds.
Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet.
Patches of dark skin.

According to Mayo Clinic, a blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is considered normal. A blood sugar level from 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. This is sometimes referred to as impaired glucose tolerance. If you receive a prediabetes diagnosis, it means you have a higher-than-normal blood sugar level. But, it’s not high enough to be diagnostic for diabetes. If you don’t get treatment for it, prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Now Hemoglobin A1C makes it simpler. An A1C level below 5.7 percent is considered normal. An A1C level between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes. Above that, you’ve Diabetes 2 to contend with.

Hypoglycemia is another non-diabetic form of pre-diabetes. Hypoglycemia is the condition when your blood glucose (sugar) levels are too low. It happens to people with diabetes when they have a mismatch of medicine, food, and/or exercise. Non-diabetic hypoglycemia, a rare condition, is low blood glucose in people who do not have diabetes.

Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood sugar happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly.

More doctors and endocrine specialists are happy to prescribe Metformin merely from A1C test results but when you observe the different mechanisms of diabetes a glucose tolerance test should be recommended. A glucose tolerance test measures how well your body’s cells are able to absorb glucose (sugar) after you consume a specific amount of sugar. Doctors use fasting blood sugar levels and hemoglobin A1c values to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes as well as prediabetes. These tests may last 1 to 3 hours on average.

According to Healthline, a two-hour, 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used to test for diabetes. A healthcare provider will take a fasting lab draw of blood to test your fasting glucose level first. They’ll then ask you to drink 8 ounces of a syrupy glucose solution that contains 75 grams of sugar.

You’ll then wait in the office for two hours. The healthcare provider will draw blood at the one- and two-hour marks.

Blood glucose, or sugar, is sugar that is in your blood (easy enough!). It comes from the food that you eat — foods that contain carbohydrate, such as bread, pasta and fruit are the main contributors to blood glucose. The cells in our bodies need glucose for energy — and we all need energy to move, think, learn and breathe. The brain, which is the command center, uses about half of all the energy from glucose in the body. When we eat food, the pancreas (an organ that sits between the stomach and the spine) goes to work, releasing enzymes that help to break down food and hormones that help the body handle the influx of glucose. One of these hormones is insulin, and it plays a key role in managing glucose levels in the blood.

The lifestyle changes are exercises and reducing carbohydrate consumption throughput the day.

There are supplements that may be good alternatives to Metformin use:

Chromium is an essential trace mineral that helps the hormone insulin to function at its full potential. Nicotinate and picolinate are two forms of chromium. … Additionally, in a direct comparison against chromium nicotinate, the picolinate source was less effective in supporting the action of insulin.

Cinnamon may help lower blood sugar and fight diabetes by imitating the effects of insulin and increasing glucose transport into cells ( 6 ). It can also help lower blood sugar by increasing insulin sensitivity, making insulin more efficient at moving glucose into cells.

Vanadium compounds are potent in controlling elevated blood glucose levels in experimentally induced diabetes. However the toxicity associated with vanadium limits its role as therapeutic agent for diabetic treatment.

Bitter melon is linked to lowering the body’s blood sugar. This is because the bitter melon has properties that act like insulin, which helps bring glucose into the cells for energy.

Of course neither of these supplements haven’t received FDA approval to support or deny their claims. Most evidence is derived from small studies in Europe and Asia.

Sunergetic Blood Sugar Support has all the above and more. It helps me keep my A1C scores within normal range. But this claim is by no means scientific.

Large overdoses of metformin can lead to lactic acidosis as well. Suicide with metformin is rare. Intake of 35 g of metformin has been shown to be lethal. Severe liver problems could lead to a buildup of lactic acid. Lactic acid buildup raises your risk of lactic acidosis. Metformin also raises your risk, so taking it if you have liver problems is dangerous.

Because supplements have little supporting research, no figures were established. Properly dosing supplements requires a good licensed nutritionist. It will help recommend dosage to avoid side effects. Doctors, in USA, are not trained with nutritional avenues of alternate medicine. So it’s Metformin or 2 or 3 others on the prescription market.

Dietary restrictions are one way to help get Hemoglobin A1C levels down. You’re better off consulting a nutritionist. They work with your doctors. Philosophy is different. Doctors approach is what you can’t eat. A nutritionist focuses on what you can eat. How and when.

There’s a good 4-letter word for a diet that literally knocks out all those carbs that drives your pancreas crazy if you’re diabetic 2. The word is Keto. According to keto proponents, by slashing the carbs you consume and instead filling up on fats, you safely enter a state of ketosis. That’s when the body breaks down both dietary and stored body fat into substances called ketones. Your fat-burning system now relies mainly on fat – instead of sugar – for energy.

Proponents claim a keto diet is great for weight loss. Can it reduce diabetes 2 symptoms? The ketogenic diet, according to Healthline, has the potential to decrease blood glucose levels. Managing carbohydrate intake is often recommended for people with type 2 diabetes because carbohydrates turn to sugar and, in large quantities, can cause blood sugar spikes. f you already have high blood glucose, eating too many carbs can be dangerous. By switching the focus to fat, some people experience reduced blood sugar. But fat is also a source of triglyceride. Here again, a nutritionist might be helpful.

One problem with keto are ketones. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. Theu can be tested with a urine test. When levels get too high, you can develop DKA. DKA may happen to anyone with diabetes, though it is rare in people with type 2. Treatment for DKA usually takes place in the hospital.

Discovering you are pre-diabetic or have diabetes 2 is scary. Is it as scary as doing an hour of cardio-exercise four times a week?

The alternative is to just take Metformin and don’t be frightened until you lose peripheral body parts and lose vision. Yes, that is the long term problems with Diabetes 2.

Your main job is to get your Hemoglobin levels back to safe levels and keep them there. Keep all sugar levels in normal range. Then you’re out of the fear zone. The path is ominous and dark. But you’ve many to co-miserate with. Connect with a diabetes support group and share your experiences. Make friends but don’t go out to dinner. lol

I believe in a holistic attack on diseases. Diabetes 2 is one of them. Diabetes 2 influences your life and your emotions about your life. Change your lifestyle and diet choices. You may soon be clinically diabetes 2 free.

Global warming from within ocean hydrothermal vents

Climate change is a comprehensive issue. Has the world always had climate changes? They were reported in the biblical book of Genesis of the Old Testament. Of course they didn’t track weather patterns then. Burning forests may be the result of human error – an incorrectly disposed cigarette. Hydrothermal vents deep in our seas and oceans are recent discoveries where molten magma meets nearly frozen water. Are warming waters a problem from these natural hydrothermal vents?

Climate change is one of the major challenges confronting the future of planet Earth as we know it. All those Deep Planet videos we might watch demonstrate that beneath the oceanic depths are cracks, fissures, nooks, crannies as dangerous as the highest mountains above sea levels. Discoveries of hydrothermal vents at the ocean bottoms raise serious questions of warming waters and melting ice. Are we cooking from within?

Seismologists track the planet surface movements 24/7 at hundreds of points. Their information is critical predicting earthquakes and earthquake severity. Some movements are like hums while others crackle and pop. Global warming from within occurs during those innocent hums. That’s when hydrothermal vents form.

Hydrothermal vents occur at both diverging and converging plate boundaries. Heat is released as magma rises and cracks the ocean floor and overlying sediments. Seawater drains into the fractures and becomes super-heated, dissolving minerals and concentrating sulfur and other compounds. Sea creatures in those depths either thrive or die. At those greater depths via exploration equipment technologies many thrive.

Cold water meshes with extremely hot molten rock magma as vents burst through ocean floor. Discovered only in 1977, hydrothermal vents are home to dozens of previously unknown species. Huge red-tipped tube worms, ghostly fish, strange shrimp with eyes on their backs and other unique species thrive in these extreme deep ocean ecosystems found near undersea volcanic chains. These are the fit that have survived the initial heat blasts of formed hydrothermal vents. For us, these vents are as foreign as radio waves from galaxies 900 million light years away. But they exist throughout our planet.

For the most part these occasional hydrothermal vents for magma are relatively small…a few centimeters. For the most part, earth crust at ocean temperatures act as potent barriers. Then there’s human impact. In the past, the main human impact affecting deep-sea ecosystems was the dumping or disposal of litter into the oceans. If it were only litter. Humans have tossed some heavy items and waste that landed on ocean floors. All it takes is a tiny crack and a century to make a hydrothermal vent.

Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor may have some impact at releasing volcanic heat into our water systems, impacting ice formations and weather patterns as extreme heat converges with extreme cold. The severity is there may be communities of these hydrothermal vents deregulating a regulation system formed over millions of years.

People use hydrothermal energy for survival. Regulation of body temperature in vertebrates is a function of a central mechanism and the main thermoregulatory organ is again the hypothalamus, particularly the preoptic area (POA), where the sensory input on the brain temperature and core temperature is integrated. Other parts of the central nervous system, such as the brainstem and spinal cord, are also involved in thermo-regulation. Our bodies sweat because our skin has pores that help maintain thermoregulation.

Your hypothalamus is a section of your brain that controls thermoregulation. When it senses your internal temperature becoming too low or high, it sends signals to your muscles, organs, glands, and nervous system. They respond in a variety of ways to help return your temperature to normal.

The problems encountering ocean floor regularization are that if there may be one vent then there may be more hydrothermal vents forming a community. Each involves a hot/cold exchange and regulation is a war of average potentials.

And that process helps sustain a deep ocean balance. Most living things on earth depend on sunlight as the ultimate source of energy. Green plants use sunlight to make food by the process of photosynthesis. In the darkness of the ocean depths there is no sunlight for photosynthesis. So how do living things survive in such an environment? The answer is found in bacteria that can use another source of energy to make food.

Water coming out of a vent is rich not only in dissolved minerals but also in chemosynthetic bacteria. These bacteria are capable of utilizing sulfur compounds to produce organic material through the process of chemosynthesis. The bacteria are autotrophs that oxidize hydrogen sulfide in vent water to obtain energy, which is used to produce organic material (i.e. grow themselves).

Chemosynthetic bacteria are the primary producers and form the base of vent food webs. All vent animals ultimately depend on the bacteria for food. So hydrothermal vents are very beneficial to creatures living at the dark oceanic depths. For all we know, these vent/water exchanges have been present since the earth first developed its crust. Billions of years ago, according to science theoretical models.

Presence of hydrothermal vents probably have little to do with global warming. Releasing noxious gas and waste into our ecosystems may have had more impact. These vents may be natural players that rewrite regulation parameters of planetary climates. Climate change refers to the changes in the global climate which result from the increasing average global temperature. For example, changes in precipitation patterns, increased prevalence of droughts, heat waves, and other extreme weather, etc.

The debate is serious. On the nay side, earth’s weather patterns have only been recorded for the past 150 years. Yet, since the industrial revolution, about 300 years ago, new chemicals found their way into our vast ecosystem. Also, we are discovering more fluctuations of the space of our solar system and scientists are exploring phenomena such as hydrothermal vents. So there are statistical outliers that boggle finite conclusions. But, in our lifetimes, changes in climates have been observed.

Within hydrothermal vents, influences on water temperatures are vague. Hydrothermal fluid temperatures can reach 400°C (750°F) or more, but they do not boil under the extreme pressure of the deep ocean. As they pour out of a vent, the fluids encounter cold, oxygenated seawater, causing another, more rapid series of chemical reactions to occur.

Based on global water temperature statistics: The average temperature of the entire ocean surfaces usually ranges from 15 to 17 degrees Celsius (59 to 62.9 degrees Fahrenheit). There is a barrier between the surface water and deeper layers of the ocean that are not mixed. The barrier begins around 100 meters and can extend another few hundred meters downward. The average temperature of deep-ocean water is only 2°C (36°F). The water coming directly from a hydrothermal vent can reach up to 350°C (662°F) and is rich in dissolved chemicals. The hot spring water forms a plume above the vent, somewhat like smoke rising from a chimney into the air. Temperature-sensing instruments, towed behind research vessels, can detect these hot-water plumes and aid oceanographers in locating hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor.

Like hot springs and geysers on land, hydrothermal vents form in volcanically active areas—often on mid-ocean ridges, where Earth’s tectonic plates are spreading apart and where magma wells up to the surface or close beneath the seafloor.

These hot plumes of water from reactions with hydrothermal vents may contribute to ocean water temperatures from within.

As far as carbon dioxide releases into the air, results revealed that dissolved organic carbon is efficiently removed from ocean water when heated. The organic molecules are broken down and the carbon converted to carbon dioxide. The entire ocean volume circulates through hydrothermal vents about every 40 million years, according to theorists studying at University of Georgia.

Climate effects from vast forest fires, waste disposal, and gluttony for fossil fuels may be stressing our planetary biomes. They may arise from ignorance, irresponsibility, profit, convenience, and other factors. The vast fires of Australia may have been started by campers and smokers. 14 people have been arrested. Humans and humanity may be more significant drivers of climate changes than hydrothermal vents.

On seismology offices the earth is humming. Is it a happy or sad tune?

Pink Tax gender gaps subtly make feminism costly

Expectant parents know the gender of their child early on. Great for figuring what colors to get for clothing and furniture. Blue for boys. Pink for girls. As they grow to teen years, the spread goes beyond color. Pink seems to be a premium. In this post-feminist generation, is there a pink tax?

Being pretty in pink usually refers to a female. Women are leading consumers. Yet, many are unaware of a nearly invisible discrimination. It is called a Pink Tax. The pink tax refers to the extra amount women are charged for certain products or services. Things like dry cleaning, personal care products, and vehicle maintenance.

Watching new westerns, female heroines wear form-fitting jeans as if they were custom made. Haute couture in the feminine wild west? Reality was women wore men’s jeans. Then came the 20th century and women became alluring females. Modern feminine fashion was born and generated billions of dollars toward the economy. All variables changed. Feminism changed the political and economic outlooks. In the debates of life, death, and taxes, women encounter one divisible invisible – a special tax for women – a Pink Tax. According to the New York Times, in 2014 that “women’s” products with the same ingredients and/or materials were often far more expensive than “men’s” products. The pink tax refers to the extra amount women are charged for certain products or services. Things like dry cleaning, personal care products, and vehicle maintenance.

In this modern day and age, the pink tax not only affects women but has also been observed by the transgender population. You need to be rich to compete as a woman among women. Men pay less.

According to a study from NYC Consumer Affair, Products for women or girls cost 7% more than comparable products for men and boys. The Consumer Federation of America indicates A 2015 study by the New York City Department of Consumer Affairs, one of CFA’s members, documented that gender price discrimination exists in a wide variety of consumer goods, from clothing to personal care products. This is essentially a gender tax levied on women that adds up to thousands of dollars over the course of their lives. The department compared nearly 800 products with clear male and female versions from more than 90 brands. They found that in all but 5 of the 35 product categories analyzed, items for female consumers were priced higher than the same items for male consumers.

7% more for toys and accessories
4% more for children’s clothing
8% more for adult clothing
13% more for personal care products
8% more for senior/home health care products

Pink tax refers to this invisible cost that women have to pay for products designed and marketed specifically to them, while the generic or male equivalent of the same products are available for less. It is not just big corporations in the retail space that push women to spend on their appearance. Social scientists and retail experts say that this stems from the fact that society in general, typically, holds women to a higher standard when it comes to their appearance.

According to Healthline, “Gender-based pricing, also known as “pink tax,” is an upcharge on products traditionally intended for women which have only cosmetic differences from comparable products traditionally intended for men.” Scents and packaging are obvious differences. A cologne for men has leather and wood fragrances while women get floral scents. Packaging is black or blue for men. Pastels are used for women.

For example, a five-pack of Schick Hydro cartridges in purple packaging cost $18.49, while the same count of Schick Hydro refills in blue packaging cost $14.99. Again, other than their packaging color, the products look exactly the same.

Is it nature or nurture?

A recent discovery is that women actually have more rods and cones in their eyes than men. This allows women to see more detail, which partially explains why men sometimes see an ordinary room, while women see complete filth. Men simply aren’t able to see dust and finer particles as easily as women, and therefore are unaware of its presence. However, there are other scientific reasons why female perception differs from that of their male counterparts. Many studies cite evidence that there are gender differences among male and female brains. Do these justify pink tax rates?

One of the more curious things about the pink tax is that feminine hygiene products mostly have no sales tax. Contraceptives catering to females do carry a tax.

A typical men’s haircut may be around $30. A typical haircut for a woman might start at %50. While men do get manicures, men are charged around $10. A woman….$15 and up. The discrepancies are staggering!

So while the US Congress was preparing impeachment proceedings on President Trump, the H.R. 2048: Pink Tax Repeal Act was introduced on April 3 2019.

While this act hasn’t been processed by the US Senate, Canada also has a pink tax. The “pink tax” refers to the phenomenon of gender-based price discrimination, where items whose ads target women are often priced higher than similar products advertised towards men. For example, a 2016 study found that women in Canada pay over 40 per cent more than what men pay when it comes to personal care products.

Good Housekeeping Magazine indicates:

“Women are consistently paid less than men for the same work. Currently, women make 80.5 cents for every dollar a man earns, a gender wage gap of 20 percent. For women of color, the gap is even wider. Women are also often charged a higher interest rate for mortgage loans, despite their consistently higher credit ratings.”

Feminism changed women’s lives and created new worlds of possibility for education, empowerment, working women, feminist art and feminist theory. The US Congress and US Senate elected more women in 2018 as a historic landmark. Yet, when it comes to cosmetics and fashion women spend considerably more than men. And, worse, are often evaluated critically by other women.

While it is valid that women’s fashion menus are wider than men’s, data was not collected. Conceivably most high fashion designer dresses cost more than 3 men’s suits.

Tailoring clothes are usually higher for women than men for off-the-rack clothing. Many women choose haute-couture limited editions that are custom made at prices that only the rich can afford. A haute couture garment is always made for an individual client, tailored specifically for the wearer’s measurements and body stance. Women wear them to award shows. Designer couture gowns typically start at $30,000. Men suits are usually off the rack. Hemming pants and sleeves are usually $50.

We aren’t even talking shoes and accessories!!

When it comes to appearance, women may dress bolder but far more expensive. Good thing is that one of the women at Golden Globe 2020 is auctioning her dress for charity. I believe more do the same.

The pink tax may be unfair and I hope the repeal passes the US Senate. Yet, it is a tiny step for feminism. Let’s see how future generations fare.

What brainwaves have to do with it?

What’s your frequency? Brain theorists believe that certain health conditions may be caused and effected by the 4 or 5 frequencies your brain functions at. What do brain waves have to do with it?

The human brain is made up of brain cells called neurons, which communicate with each other through electrical brain waves. The pattern of brain waves changes depending on one’s level of consciousness and cognitive processing. For example, when one feels fatigued or dreamy, slower brainwaves are likely dominant at that time.

Feeling stressed out? Brain waves may be one of the underlying causes. Some studies indicate that cyclical speeds our brain waves may contribute to ADHD and Hypertension.

Brainwaves are produced by synchronized electrical pulses from masses of neurons communicating with each other. Brainwaves are detected using sensors placed on the scalp. Brainwave speed is measured in Hertz (cycles per second) and they are divided into bands delineating slow, moderate, and fast waves.

There are 5 types of brain waves your brain generates:

Gamma waves >40 Hz –
Higher mental activity, including perception, problem solving, and consciousness

Beta waves – 13–39 Hz
Active, busy thinking, active processing , active concentration, arousal, and cognition

Alpha waves – 7–13 Hz
Calm relaxed yet alert state

Theta waves – 4-7 Hz Deep meditation /relaxation, REM sleep. REM sleep is an exception, with recorded speeds of 30 to 50 Hz, During REM, you experience dream episodes. In addition, neurotransmitters work at forming long-term memory storage.

Delta waves – < 4 Hz Deep dreamless sleep, loss of body awareness Gamma and Beta are associated with wakefulness Alpha, Theta, Delta are associated with relaxation. Awakening from Delta or during a REM is indicative of deep, meditative sleep. They are generated in deepest meditation and dreamless sleep. According to Scientific American, Delta waves typically center around a range of 1.5 to 4 cycles per second. They never go down to zero because that would mean that you were brain dead. But, deep dreamless sleep would take you down to the lowest frequency. Being jolted awake at Delta often results in confusion. During Alpha and Theta, your brain and body are flushed with neurotransmitters that deal with memory and reduced inflammation. A recent 2013 study found that the ADHD brain tends to produce more Theta waves than the brains of average folks. Theta waves are the ones you produce as you’re nodding off to sleep. Or watching a boring TV show or movie. They indicate a state of deep relaxation.

For the study, teens between the ages of 12 and 17 were asked to perform computer tasks that involved perceiving a visual stimulus that would then trigger brain regions involved in decision-making, which then led to physical action — in this case, pressing a button.

Researchers found that the 17 participants that were predominantly diagnosed with the inattentive (IA) subtype of ADHD had the least amount of alpha wave suppression — necessary to filter out visual “noise” in order to make an accurate decision.

In 2014 deviations in brainwaves were said to detect presence/severity of Alzheimer’s Disease.

According to the American Nutrition Association, the reason why brain waves are important is because the delta/beta cycle causes an elevation in blood sugar levels and blood pressure throughout the day.

Beta waves in the high frequencies can cause agitation and anxiety perhaps caused by too much dopamine release. Dopamine problems are implicated in ADHD, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, depression, bipolar disorders, binge eating, addiction, gambling, and schizophrenia.

Anxiety and panic attacks are associated with decreased alpha waves, increased high beta waves, and can be affected by low delta and theta waves. There is a delicate balance of the chemicals called neurotransmitters required within the body for best emotional and physiological health.

Previous studies showed that people with chronic pain experience abnormal neural oscillations, or brain waves. There are several kinds of brain waves related to different brain regions and various kinds of brain activities. People with chronic pain, it is believed, often may have brainwaves to blame. Stress puts you at Beta waves, putting you on alert. You’re waiting to respond. But, as in the classic movie Forbidden Planet, those monsters can not be fought off. It becomes fight, flight, or die. Over time, the brain and central nervous system learn to continue to put the body into a painful state, which repeats the pain cycle. In a sense, staying in Beta might be associated with chronic pain, with no other explanation. Unfortunately, few studies have been large enough for results to have wide acceptance.

One study at University at North Carolina in 2018 demonstrated promising results that stimulating brains helped reduce lower back pain. While chronic lower back pain has many sufferers, this study had only 30 people. Those aren’t enough to persuade a medical community away from codeine painkillers and surgeries. Yet, this study is one of many small studies showing how brainwaves and chronic pain may be related.

As such, many areas have devised treatment centers and recommendations to help induce alpha waves when beta is out of control.

In an article, published in Medical News Today, there are discussions as to how using EEG bio-feedback helps change brainwave patterns to treat conditions that are now only treated by drugs:

EEG biofeedback may help patients with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), addiction, anxiety, seizures, depression, and other types of brain condition.

During a biofeedback session, the therapist attaches electrodes to the patient’s skin, and these send information to a monitoring box.

The therapist views the measurements on the monitor, and, through trial and error, identifies a range of mental activities and relaxation techniques that can help regulate the patient’s bodily processes.

Lacking large empirical studies, biofeedback therapy may not be covered as acceptable treatments by some health insurances. It may require 20 sessions at about $100+ per session.

The goal of biofeedback is often to make subtle changes to the body that result in a desired effect. The Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback (AAPB) defines biofeedback as a process that allows people to alter their physiological activity in order to improve health or performance. The American Medical Association defines biofeedback as an alternative therapy. The AAPB is the key organization supporting biofeedback as brainwave therapy.

The study of brainwaves has been observed since 1930, when the EEG was developed. Biofeedback has been applied to studies of sensory deprivation, bi-polar issues, and sleep studies. The questionably issues of brainwaves biofeedback within the USA, as opposed to Europe is that applied science is not viewed as valid as medical science.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved a biofeedback device, Resperate, for reducing stress and lowering blood pressure. Resperate is a portable electronic device that promotes slow, deep breathing. However, the FDA doesn’t regulate many biofeedback devices marketed for home use. So…the FDA allows home use of a biofeedback product that, used correctly, may help reduce brainwaves for reducing blood pressure and stress.

I’d recommend using AAPB as a method of finding resources and clinicians for biofeedback. Overall, the integrity of brainwaves has helped people survive over millennia. Reckless use of this method as a cure for many diseases may have other problems emerge. I would like to see further study of brainwaves in large empirical studies to call it a medical utopia.

But many have tried biofeedback and brainwaves therapy. High positive subjective reviews. So if you have chronic hypertension, pain, ADHD, anxiety, and sleeplessness….might be worth a try.