Coronavirus dystrophy

Coronavirus Dystrophy? A dystrophy is defined as a disorder in which an organ or tissue of the body wastes away. Dystrophy is globally prevalent, challenging those that fear those tiny microbes and avoid them. Further challenges are ahead for those that test positive. Then there is the likelihood of death. There is no clear cure, treatment, and vaccine.

I have myotonic dystrophy,type 1. Myotonic dystrophy affects at least 1 in 8,000 people worldwide. The prevalence of the two types of myotonic dystrophy varies among different geographic and ethnic populations. In most populations, type 1 appears to be more common than type 2. It is a genetic disease. It also has no clear cure, treatment, or vaccine. Myotonic Dystrophy is among over 150 muscular dystrophies monitored by the global Muscular Dystrophy Association network. It has challenges, disabilities, and deaths.

Greater prevalence and studies were aimed at Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. At the age of 25, the survival rate was 13.5% in DMD patients born in the 1960s, 31.6% in those born in the 1970s, and 49.2% in patients born in the 1980s. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a muscle disorder but it is one of the most frequent genetic conditions affecting approximately 1 in 3,500 male births worldwide. … The disease is progressive and most affected individuals require a wheelchair by the teenage years.

Coronavirus diseases are types of a dystrophy as it threatens the majorities of people who never gave virus pandemics a second thought. There are many people for whom mobility involves social distancing and constant adaptations every day. More than 18 million people have limited mobility caused by everything from accidents to disease to the aging process. Six million of those 18 million are veterans. One in five elderly people struggle with mobility. The number of veterans with disabilities has increased dramatically by 25 percent since 2001. Many adapt to their world with canes, walkers, prostheses, and wheelchairs.

Coronavirus-19 or SARS-2 viruses are tiny microbes that pass through the air and linger on surfaces. They are germs and we live with germs in and around us every day. Coronavirus-19 is particularly infectious and invisibly travel within environments with wide temperature ranges. Over 400,000 have tested and have caught it. There are about 19,000 deaths attributed, and about 110,000 recoveries globally. About 300,000 are mild and about 110,000 are severe.

The numbers of those testing positive vary. Test availability is low and offered to those who display flu-like symptoms. As more testing is done, total numbers of potential coronavirus-19 cases rise within a distribution of people. Then the question arises whether tests are specifically measuring for coronavirus type viruses or only version 19. Coronavirus is not new to humans. 19 is.

Human coronavirus is a common, enveloped, positive-sense RNA virus, with most people contracting it during their lifetime. Coronaviruses cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses. There are six currently known strains of coronaviruses that infect humans. The most common infection globally is from human coronaviruses 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1. The much publicized human coronavirus, SARS-CoV, which causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, has a unique pathogenesis because it causes both upper and lower respiratory tract infections and can also cause gastroenteritis. The six human coronaviruses are: alpha coronaviruses 229E and NL63, and beta coronaviruses OC43, HKU1, SARS-CoV (SARS), and MERS-CoV (the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS). Are professionals testing all 6 or only for 1? Test results have changed from taking days to minutes – in just a matter of weeks. Are analyses being compromised? For now,these are the best tests available.

Do pets factor in Sars-Cov spread? Over the last 70 years, scientists have found that coronaviruses can infect mice, rats, dogs, cats, turkeys, horses, pigs, and cattle. Sometimes, these animals can transmit coronaviruses to humans. Ancient plagues were likely results of rodent populations found in the hulls of cargo ships. Naples and Venice were identified as ports that needed to quarantine ships. Rats have been associated with shipping for thousands of years. Roman ships brought the black rat to the British Isles over 1,600 years ago. The brown rat, commonly known as the wharf rat, is found on every continent in the world except Antarctica — much of the spread attributable to being carried on ships and boats. Can hugging your cat or dog give you Sars-Cov? Can breeding animals or poultry contribute to numbers of Coronavirus cases?

A recent Scientific American article considered climate change as a possibility. “As the Earth continues to warm, many scientists expect to see changes in the timing, geography and intensity of disease outbreaks around the world.”

The coronavirus is an uncommonly common influenza or flu that has fever, congestion, coughs, and digestive symptoms. It is one of 6 identifiable types, with many variations and sub-types that are unknown. The World Health Organization estimates that worldwide, annual influenza epidemics result in about 3-5 million cases of severe illness and about 250,000 to 500,000 deaths. In the United States, individual cases of seasonal flu and flu-related deaths in adults are not reportable illnesses; consequently, mortality is estimated by using statistical models.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that flu-associated deaths in the US ranged from about 3000 to 49,000 annually between 1976 and 2006. The CDC notes that the often-cited figure of 36,000 annual flu-related deaths was derived from years when the predominant virus subtype was H3N2, which tends to be more lethal than H1N1. Yes, there are many families of viruses and some have greater and lesser impact. There are flu vaccines available that cover many known viruses.

As with a dystrophy, there are no specific treatments or cures. Unlike dystrophy, a flu tends to be acute rather than chronic. Yet, we know little of coronavirus-19. It, unlike most chronic mobile disabilities, is contagious.

A modeling study in Singapore of Coronavirus-19 (common name) was published 3/24/20 in Lancet, a British Medical Journal:
A new modelling study conducted in a simulated Singapore setting has estimated that a combined approach of physical distancing interventions, comprising quarantine (for infected individuals and their families), school closure, and workplace distancing, is most effective at reducing the number of SARS-CoV-2 cases compared with other intervention scenarios included in the study.

The previous week, the USA NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases noted that “new research finds that the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is stable for several hours to days in aerosols and on surfaces. Scientists found that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was detectable in aerosols for up to three hours, up to four hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to two to three days on plastic and stainless steel.” It’s contagion possibilities are more enduring than merely sneezes in a public setting. Sneezes and coughs travel as much as 6 feet.

Prior and since this recent pandemic, some scientific studies were done. With small samples and short duration, these study results are rather inconclusive to large populations.

Science experimentation for large groups require time, depth, and retesting. Some are half-baked.

A quasi-experimental design is one that looks a bit like an experimental design but lacks the key ingredient – random assignment. These are “queasy” experiments because they give the experimental purists a queasy feeling. With respect to internal validity, they often appear to be inferior to randomized experiments. But there is something compelling about these designs; taken as a group, they are easily more frequently implemented than their randomized cousins. Queasy is easy.

A clinical study is based on selected populations with random and double-blind secure measures. A clinical study involves research using human volunteers (also called participants) that is intended to add to medical knowledge. There are two main types of clinical studies: clinical trials (also called interventional studies) and observational studies. ClinicalTrials.gov (USA) includes both interventional and observational studies.

ClinicalTrials.gov uses specific strict, ethical guidelines that filter out hunches and opinions. A clinical study is conducted according to a research plan known as the protocol. The protocol is designed to answer specific research questions and safeguard the health of participants. It contains the following information:

The reason for conducting the study
Who may participate in the study (the eligibility criteria)
The number of participants needed
The schedule of tests, procedures, or drugs and their dosages
The length of the study
What information will be gathered about the participants

Conclusions are statistically studied and interpreted. Idea in science is to determine the validity as to whether the original purpose was true or false. As you see, these studies can not be rushed. Many need several clinical trials prior to reaching conclusions. False sponsors and politics can confound results. Personal interests tend to prefer quasi-experiments.

People with dystrophy adapt their lives to a world that doesn’t recognize their special needs to use public and business areas. Many restrict. Years past, these were invalid – not valid individuals. Today. is a bit better. It’s life with distance and restrictions that require adaptations to do activities most take for granted.

Adapting to social distancing and curfews may reduce spread of contagion. We live in a digital age that allows work from home, video-conferencing, social media, investing-banking, and wide access to education and entertainment. Delivery services help businesses bring products and food to customers Coronavirus-19 impact is not yet known. The world is in panic mode. Eventually, a new normal will evolve.

Religious, social, and forums are finding avenues to use online access. Old methods of living are challenged by climate changes, social changes, and new diseases. When online developed, we knew it was wise to use internet security software. As we witness Coronavirus impact, we must study our powers and dystrophy to revise how we coexist with future changes. It’s adapting to new realities, based on our histories.

If one was a gambler, it’s likely that coronavirus 20 may be in our future. Odds are better than an asteroid hitting our planet. At the very least, lessons learned from current coronavirus dystrophy may help us improve coping with subsequent viruses. Rest assured, viruses have existed long before humans. They will evolve ever after.

Viruses will continue to be active and develop to cause new infections. Sars-Cov2 is the root of many fears. We hope that changing lifestyles, social distancing, and temporary quarantines help prevent spread. Continued virology research may produce weapons to allow humans to normalize. After a 2-trillion dollar USA economic package, I hope that the fiscal budgets consider more money to advance virus research to prevent calamities like the SARS-Cov2, coronavirus-19 pandemic. Without it, future generations will develop coronavirus dystrophy.

Coronavirus and the Vegan Diet

Can you get coronavirus from eating a salad or vegan stew? Answer is yes. Wash your produce well and hope.

Coronavirus is the new 4-letter word that spreads like silent snipers through our planet. More people are being tested and, of those results, coronavirus is spreading. Of course, science is grappling with coronavirus by attempting to answer unanswerable questions. Are there false positives from tests? Are tests testing for the right virus? Also sneezes and coughs spread germs. Vegans, picking fruits and vegetables in produce aisles, are especially vulnerable too.

People constantly touch fruits and vegetables. They may also have colds and other seasonal infections. They squeeze items and put noses close to smell freshness, while dropping a few onto the floor.

A preliminary study published this week, used an atomizer to simulate a cough or sneeze spray of coronavirus strain. Discoveries were monitored and shared with Health institutes of University of California, Princeton University, and Center for Disease Control (CDC). The virus could be detected in the air for up to three hours after it was aerosolized with a nebulizer, up to four hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to two to three days on plastic and stainless steel.

Ever think about the surfaces of Apples, Pears, Citrus, Celery, and other produce? Is it possible that hard apples might be stained with coronavirus for days?

In this biome of plant growth, potential edibles are subject to dust, microbes, worms, and larvae of tiny little creatures. Many vegans claim that organic foods are invulnerable due to better care. Actually, that may be untrue. Instead of ordinary pesticides, pesticides from more organic sources are used.

List of Organic Pesticides:

Bacillus Thuringiensis. Bacillus thuringiensis, more commonly referred to as Bt, is a biological pesticide, which means it is a living organism that is in some way lethal to garden or yard pests.

Beauveria Bassiana. Beauveria bassiana is a fungus that grows naturally in soils throughout the world and acts as a parasite on various arthropod species, causing white muscardine disease; it thus belongs to the entomopathogenic fungi.

Kaolin Clay. The use of Kaolin clay in the garden has been found to control insect pests and disease as well as protecting against sunburn or heat stress and may enhance fruit color too.

Neem Oil. Neem oil insecticide kills some pests after they have eaten leaves sprayed with it, while it repels others with its strong smell. Neem oil is used to control many pests, including whitefly, aphids, Japanese beetles, moth larvae, scale, and spider mites.

Pyrethrum. Pyrethrins are pesticides found naturally in some chrysanthemum flowers. They are a mixture of six chemicals that are toxic to insects. Pyrethrins are commonly used to control mosquitoes, fleas, flies, moths, ants, and many other pests. … Whole, crushed flowers are known as pyrethrum powder.

Plant Oils or Biopesticides. Oils such as lemon, orange, and anise give fruits and seeds their characteristic odor and taste. The oils are used as pesticides to repel certain animals and insects, and to kill certain insects. When used as pesticides, these oils do not present any known risks to humans or the environment.

Along with possible Coronavirus from other produce customers and staff, all these organic pesticides may coat your valued foods.

For most part, I see people washing produce for as little as 5 seconds under running water. Is this enough to remove insecticides and viruses like coronavirus? What do you think?

Vegans make it a point to wash produce thoroughly with ritualized practices. Some soak them in baking soda for 2-minutes then rinse thoroughly.

Some soak produce in Apple Cider Vinegar and rinse thoroughly. Some use ultrasonic basins or wands to sterilize the produce. Hopefully viruses like Coronaviruses go down the drain too.

Many people have seasonal colds caused by viruses. They do not respond well to antibiotics. Viruses are another microbial family. Most viral colds go away as weather warms. Viruses don’t survive in heat.

According to a new article in National Geographic, viruses that cause influenza or milder coronaviruses (yes, there are seven in total that affect humans) often subside in warmer months due to a concept called “seasonality,” or a predictable rise and fall depending on the time of year.

This coronavirus strain comes from a new side of the viral family… SARS-CoV-2. There have been reports that infectivity of SARS CoV (SARS coronavirus) was lost after heating at 56°C (132-degF) for 15 minutes but that it was stable for at least 2 days following drying on plastic, in a lab study of 2011 when a SARS flu was present. But this coronavirus (COVID-19) hasn’t been fully examined for high temperature tolerance.

There are 219 virus species that are known to be able to infect humans. The first of these to be discovered was yellow fever virus in 1901, and three to four new species are still being found every year. According to Medicine Plus, They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox, and Ebola. Different viruses attack certain cells in your body such as your liver, respiratory system, or blood. Some have been associated with cancer growth.

Current coronavirus strain still has more questions than answers. It’s spreading at a moderate but noticeable speed to impact society on many levels. Salads may be a great route to fitness. Vegetarian and vegan lifestyles deem healthy results. But you have to make certain that all produce, organic or conventional, is washed thoroughly. Based on SARS temperature range, I’d advise cooking above that tempoerature.

Navigating yourself and understanding where you are

People with no disabilities and people with disabilities have navigating difficulties. Seems many people have navigating challenges by passivity. Getting safely from Point-A to Point-B may be very challenging. The prompts are coded in Retrosplenial cortex. If you actively and purposefully set landmarks, this part of your brain will get you to A, B, C (and so on) safely.

Getting lost but finding yourself? GPS has been a wonderful navigating tool. It helps drivers find easy ways to get from one location to another. Some people don’t know the correct direction to travel in their local area. Navigating is difficult. For some with cognitive decline, navigating is impossible.

A group of MIT neuroscientists studied navigating and how your brain encodes and decodes landmarks that help you navigate.

Familiar landmarks, using diagnostic testing, asserts that a part of the brain called the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) lights up when you see a landmark and you may decide what you want to do.

Rodents using mazes seem to manage mazes to find cheese reward. Some say it’s part of conditioning. Functional studies of the RSC of rodents consistently point to a role in learning and navigation. These roles are thought to be acted out in concert with the hippocampal formation and the limbic thalamus.

Studies of patients with unilateral retrosplenial damage suggest the RSC has an important contribution to navigation, whereas bilateral retrosplenial damage is often associated with anterograde and varying degrees of retrograde amnesia. The reason? Retrograde amnesia (RA) is a loss of memory-access to events that occurred, or information that was learned in the past.

With no stored landmarks, you’re fundamentally lost though you’ve traveled the area hundreds of times.

Deviations on developing cognitive maps of an area occur with organic damage or as a normal pattern. Everyone has mental maps that they use for navigating; to get around, no matter how “good they are with directions”. Picture your neighborhood, for example. The average person has large mental maps to tell them where towns, states, and countries are positioned and smaller maps to navigate areas like their kitchen. They travel to work, stores, friends, and houses of worship almost automatically. That’s when the RSC knows what it’s doing. Paths are familiar.

There are people that don’t construct mapping for various types of navigating. Those who always travel by car, may have difficulty navigating by walking. The landmarks may be different.

The RSC has been the focus of an increasing amount of research, fueled in part by recent findings that it is among the first cortical regions to exhibit pathology associated with Alzheimer’s disease There is consistent evidence that the RSC suffers very early pathological changes in the progression of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease. Changes in metabolism and physical activity reduction might be contributors.

Long-term memory is thought to rely on the neocortex and is critical for a variety of cognitive processes, including attention, decision making, and new learning. The RSC lies in the midbrain, near the hippocampus, and uses very advanced functions setting spatial memory concepts. Without it, navigating from point A to point B would be impossible. Nor finding your way back to pint A.

Sadly, even the MIT study used rodents as subjects and noted further studies are necessary.

Yet, observation does provide anecdotal evidence that more than a few have cognitive mapping dysfunction, unless there is a known reward.

Cognitive Learning is a type of learning that is active, constructive, and long-lasting. In behavioral geography, a mental map is a person’s point-of-view perception of their area of interaction. They study it to determine subjective qualities from the public such as personal preference and practical uses of geography like driving directions. They use other landmarks as street signs, stores, and other features.

There may be cognitive mapping dysfunction for people with adaptive challenges, as movement decreases. There is no direct evidence.

People without disabilities often use maps or written directions as navigation tools or for remaining oriented. Cognitively-impaired population is very sensitive to issues of abstraction (e.g. icons on maps or signage) and presents the designer with a challenge to tailor navigation information specific to each user and context.

Spatial knowledge is fundamental for the autonomy and the improvement of quality of life for individuals with blindness. Other cues must be learned and mastered to establish maps. Yet, RSC is storing them.

It is unknown whether cognitive function plays a role in the onset of major mobility disability (MMD) and if the effects are independent of physical function. Within neuro- and muscular disorders, purposeful, planned, and structured endeavors undertaken to improve skill or physical fitness level may be helpful. Mapping indoor and outdoor areas for safety require active coding and encoding landmarks for both safety and direction.

Physical activities are those that require energy expenditure and involve bodily movements produced by skeletal muscles. They also involve active thinking, listening to music or not. I prefer navigating without music.

Coronavirus Travel avoiding COVID easily tea tree oil

Living is a contact sport. When a virus seems to spread, human contact is compromised and extra perseverance is taken at hand washing. So Purelle and other disinfectant gels and wipes are out of stock. What about those of us who didn’t prep for this coronavirus epidemic? Think out-of-the box. Tea Tree Oil has both antibacteria, and anti-fungal properties.

According to Medical News Today, Tea tree oil is distilled from the leaves of the Melaleuca alternifolia plant, found in Australia. The oil possesses antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antifungal properties. A person can treat acne, athlete’s foot, contact dermatitis or head lice using tea tree oil.

Now coronavirus is a result of a virus infection. Many colds are based on viruses. Antibacterial wipes may not be enough. You need to attack viruses. According to Healthline, Tea tree oil has antiviral properties that have proven to be effective against common pathogens. A 2001 study found that a combination of tea tree oil and eucalyptus oil worked effectively against the herpes simplex virus. A 2013 study found that tea tree oil could prevent the spread of influenza.

Researchers, in a 2018 study, have used the antibacterial properties of tea tree oil to create a bioactive coating that keeps bacteria away from medical devices. The findings may help to stave off millions of infections per year. Using special techniques, essential oils can now be turned into a hard, antibacterial surface that protects against infection.

An ideal natural alternative to chemical-based sanitizers, tea tree oil-based sanitizers can be just as effective when it comes to killing several strains of illness-causing bacteria and even more effective with others.

E coli, for instance, was found in some studies to be more effectively broken up and wiped out by tea tree-based agents than when attacked with commercially produced chemical products. Another tick in the tea tree oil box when choosing a hand sanitizer has to come with the fact that it is eminently more environmentally friendly from leaf to litter than the many branded varieties of hand soap.

Essential tea tree oil is not a very expensive essential oil in comparison to other types of oils. You can also use face washes and gels, which contain this oil to soothe your skin on a daily basis.

The funny element is that as hand sanitizers are being bought in response to this possible coronavirus threat, tea tree oil is available. People just don’t think out-of-the-box.

In an article from Medical News Today, Eucalyptus oil shows anti-viral activity as a vapor. Red thyme oil is effective against flu viruses as a liquid phase. Cinnamon leaf oil also shows antiviral activity as a liquid. Tea tree oil is effective against the flu virus within 5 to 10 minutes of exposure, as found in another study.

Admittedly, most studies are small but one study in 2017 tested 3 essential oil mixes and noted that they had antibacteria and anti-fungus properties.

Essential oils have many benefits to protect against coronavirus. Like most beneficial things, there are some consequences. A few essential oils can cause burning when exposed to ultra-violet (UV) lighting. So, before laying out in the sun at the beach or heading to a tanning salon, it is important to ensure that you wait at least 12 hours once a photosensitizing oil has been applied to the skin. Depending on the oil and length of exposure to the sun, skin reactions from certain oils can range from mild discoloration to severe swelling and blistering burns. So read about Tea Tree Oil and become aware that while most people have no side effects, some may develop.

Coronavirus is threatening. Weighing essential oils, that have anti-viral properties, as protection is wise. When trying to act normally with a coronavirus in the environment, something like Tea Tree Oil is a healthy alternative.

May psychedelics help treat mental health and PTSD

While psychedelics epitomized the culture and music of the 1960’s, drug abuse was rampant. As the sun set on the 60s, the US government ramped up its war on drugs and in 1970 President Nixon introduced the Controlled Substances Act, rendering psilocybin, mescaline, LSD and DMT illegal. About 2 weeks ago, John Hopkins School of Medicine received a 17-million dollar grant for study of psychedelics as therapy for PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, and Alzheimer’s Disease.

Included in this study is the party drug of the 1990’s – Ecstcy. Ecstasy works both as a mind-altering drug like LSD and as a stimulant like amphetamine. Chemically, ecstasy is a synthetic drug, officially known as 3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine, or “MDMA.” It is chemically similar to methamphetamine, methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), and mescaline.

Before prescription drugs, there was alchemy. Alchemy was the medieval forerunner of chemistry, based on the belief that there are four basic elements in nature: air, fire, water and earth. Pantheists used these elements as treatments and cures of sicknesses back then. Consisting of magic potions and secrecy. Now recently marijuana has been associated for relief of pain, nausea, and anorexia. In this rejuvenated plant-based society, chemistry and alchemy find that psychedelics might help treat mental health and PTSD, according to recent research in 2017 and 2018.

Connectedness is considered a key factor of psychological well-being. The authors propose that psychedelic therapy addresses a core factor of mental health – specifically connectedness – and that this is why psychedelics show promise for so many mental health diseases, including depression, addiction and anxiety.

Alchemy used consciousness potions and leaves that induced altered consciousnesses for relaxation, fevers, and undefinable ailments. They were also used for pacts of peace and alliance.

These were psychedelics. For recreation, most psychedelics were prohibited in the 1950’s, as dosages could be fatal and addictive.

According to Yale University research, published January 2020, The results of a field study of more than 1,200 people attending multi-day arts and music festivals in the United States and United Kingdom confirm previous laboratory research indicating that psychedelic substances enhance feelings of social connectedness and improve mental well-being, the authors say.

With veteran soldiers and victims of abusive PTSD, psychedelics may prove to be beneficial. Some cases of PTSD are considered untreatable. But researchers are seeing dramatic results from therapy that uses psychedelic drugs to treat PTSD, depression and addiction. Therapy involving substances like Psilocybin and MDMA, better known as ecstasy, show 80 percent success rates years after treatment.

Yet these trials are done with small and tight clinical trials. According to PubMed, ” Even with an expanding evidence base confirming safety and benefits, political, regulatory, and industry issues impose challenges to the legitimate use of psychedelics.”

Proponents of treatments with psychedelics espouse that these therapeutics also support plant life, in April 2018.

Magic mushrooms are having a therapeutic moment. In North America, at least four organizations, each with unique strategies, are working to expand access to psilocybin for anyone with mental health issues, dying or not. These groups hope to undo decades of psilocybin prohibition by removing criminal penalties for possession or cultivation, or by providing access to psilocybin in a therapist’s offices, or both.

A group of private donors has given $17 million to start the Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research at Johns Hopkins Medicine, making it what’s believed to be the first such research center in the U.S., and the largest research center of its kind in the world. In the absence of federal funding for such therapeutic research in people, the new center will rely on the gifts announced today to advance the emerging field of psychedelics for therapies and wellness.

Psychedelics might be an alchemy PAC that is funding research into therapeutic psychedelics. Yet, for those suffering with chronic PTSD, depression, and anxiety disorders, alchemy may be forging a reluctant friendship with the traditional medical community.

In the 1970’s and 1980’s research demonstrated that neurotransmitters were behind the causes of depression, anxiety, and others. The top 3 neurotransmitters are serotonin, nor-epinephrine, and dopamine.

Ecstasy activates these:

Dopamine—produces increased energy/activity and acts in the reward system to reinforce behaviors

Norepinephrine—increases heart rate and blood pressure, which are particularly risky for people with heart and blood vessel problems

Serotonin—affects mood, appetite, sleep, and other functions. It also triggers hormones that affect sexual arousal and trust. The release of large amounts of serotonin likely causes the emotional closeness, elevated mood, and empathy felt by those who use MDMA.

While antidepressants may target any one of these, psychedelics target all. In addition, dosing was not controlled. This often may have led to lethal consequences.

MDMA is a synthetic drug, meaning that it’s made of chemicals. It comes in colorful pills, tablets, or capsules that sometimes have cartoon-like images on them. Sometimes each pill, or batch of pills, can have different combinations of substances in the mix and cause unknown consequences.

Ecstasy is purely lab produced. Psilocybin comes from certain mushrooms. Both are illegal. Ecstasy, also called Molly or MDMA are sometimes found in dietary supplements. RollSafe’s recommended MDMA supplements. Supplements like Alpha Lipoic Acid, ALCAR, Vitamin C, Co-Q10 and some others have been shown to reduce or prevent MDMA-induced neurotoxicity in rodent studies. According to RollSafe, research based information on MDMA (Molly/Ecstasy) dosage: read why you should take less than 120 mg of MDMA per session. None were human studies and this is a shill, marketing ploy, in my opinion.

Of course, water, salt, pepper, are chemicals. Psilocybin is a phytonutrient found in a certain breed of mushrooms. Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance people ingest from certain types of mushroom that grow in regions of Europe, South America, Mexico, and the United States. The phtonutrient itself isn’t illegal but body conversion is. After the gut ingests and absorbs psilocybin, the body converts it to psilocyn. The hallucinogenic effects of psilocybin usually occur within 30 minutes of ingestion and last between 4 and 6 hours.

While there are no extensive studies of therapeutic effects within controlled scientific environments, there’s yet no reliability that psychedelics play significant roles in treatment of depression, anxiety, and PTSD. There have been a few smaller studies in recent years that offered hope.

The big flaws are in humans themselves. Exceeding dosages, all these drugs are abused. Also, no side-effects have been clinically shown.

It might be nice if psychedelics played significant roles in treating these common chronic ailments. Finances may be biased and skewed as the are sourced from MAPS, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies.

The Johns Hopkins grant lends a respectable medical institution, one that played an important role in isolating the first neurotransmitters. Solomon Snyder Laboratory at Johns Hopkins, cited evidence that information processing in the brain reflects communication among neurons via neurotransmitters.

Metformin and diabetes scare

Diabetes is a pandemic with prevalence in USA and most of the world. Metformin is one of the oral pills prescribe by doctors as an alternative to injected insulin. Metformin is a treatment for Diabetes 2. In order to get cured, a diet and exercise regimen must be integrated as a routine lifestyle. Sadly, most people continue taking pills, drink soda, eat Oreo, and watch TV. Then they wonder why Metformin dose increases as Diabetes grows worse.

More than 100 million U.S. adults are now living with diabetes or prediabetes, according to a recent report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin, and are born with it. People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin, according to Healthline. There have been higher incidences of Diabetes Type 2. Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. You may not feel it. Could be major or minor. A blood test at your primary care physician is the best way to get clues.

So you’ve got the results of your blood test. Basic glucose is in normal range. Your triglycerides are in the normal range. But the Hemoglobin A1C is getting mighty close to the pre-diabetic range. The A1c test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last 2 to 3 months by measuring the percentage of glycated hemoglobin in the blood and has been added to blood tests over the past 10 years. Now your doctor recommends starting Metformin on prescription. Metformin is a commonly prescribed drug. Metformin works to lower the amount of sugar in the blood of people with diabetes. It does this by lowering the amount of sugar produced in the liver, and also increasing the sensitivity of muscle cells to insulin. In your blood test, it helps reduce your Hemoglobin A1c score. Does it make you non-diabetic?

There are a few things to consider:

Metformin leads to significant reduction in testosterone levels, sex drive and induction of low testosterone-induced erectile dysfunction. Of course so can diabetes.

Commonly reported side effects of metformin include: lactic acidosis, diarrhea, nausea, nausea and vomiting, vomiting, and flatulence. Other side effects include: asthenia, and decreased vitamin B12 serum concentrate. 77% of metformin users with vitamin B12 deficiency also had peripheral neuropathy, a common form of nerve damage associated with type 2 diabetes. Peripheral neuropathy is a type of nerve damage most often characterized by pain, tingling, and numbness in the hands and feet. Vitamin B-12, or cobalamin, is a nutrient you need for good health. It’s one of eight B vitamins that help the body convert the food you eat into glucose, which gives you energy.

Impaired renal function can lead to the accumulation of metformin, and elevated concentrations of metformin have been associated with lactic acidosis.: Metformin may have an adverse effect on renal function in patients with type 2. Metformin is not considered intrinsically hepatotoxic. In fact, metformin may be beneficial in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Damaged liver diseases may not work with metformin.

Metformin has been around since the 1920’s. It is based on natural sources. Metformin was originally developed from natural compounds found in the plant Galega officinalis, known as French lilac or goat’s rue. Metformin was also marketed as Glucophage. Generic metformin and Glucophage are prescription medications for Diabetes Type 2, and are taken orally.

We mention that Diabetes 2 may be linked to poor diets and lack of exercise. Medical News Today notes: Exercise can reduce insulin resistance and improve type 2 diabetes symptoms. However, some research suggests that taking metformin in the short term may reduce the positive effects of exercise on insulin sensitivity. One study showed metformin alone and exercise alone led to 55% and 90% improvements in skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity, respectively. Significantly, however, metformin + exercise led to a smaller improvement at 30%.

Is it better to focus on activity lifestyle changes than resorting to Meformin? Does diet factor in?

Per Healthline, Metformin doesn’t really link with helping weight loss. f you’re losing weight while taking metformin, it may or may not be the result of the medication. Weight loss can result from other factors as well. For example, some health conditions may cause loss of appetite, which can lead to weight loss. These conditions include:
depression
stress
anxiety
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
cancer
AIDS
Parkinson’s disease

Classic signs and symptoms that suggest you’ve moved from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes include:
Increased thirst.
Frequent urination.
Fatigue.
Blurred vision.

The symptoms of diabetes 2 are something to get depressed and anxious about. The early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:
Frequent urination.
Increased thirst.
Always feeling hungry.
Feeling very tired.
Blurry vision.
Slow healing of cuts and wounds.
Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet.
Patches of dark skin.

According to Mayo Clinic, a blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is considered normal. A blood sugar level from 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. This is sometimes referred to as impaired glucose tolerance. If you receive a prediabetes diagnosis, it means you have a higher-than-normal blood sugar level. But, it’s not high enough to be diagnostic for diabetes. If you don’t get treatment for it, prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Now Hemoglobin A1C makes it simpler. An A1C level below 5.7 percent is considered normal. An A1C level between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes. Above that, you’ve Diabetes 2 to contend with.

Hypoglycemia is another non-diabetic form of pre-diabetes. Hypoglycemia is the condition when your blood glucose (sugar) levels are too low. It happens to people with diabetes when they have a mismatch of medicine, food, and/or exercise. Non-diabetic hypoglycemia, a rare condition, is low blood glucose in people who do not have diabetes.

Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood sugar happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly.

More doctors and endocrine specialists are happy to prescribe Metformin merely from A1C test results but when you observe the different mechanisms of diabetes a glucose tolerance test should be recommended. A glucose tolerance test measures how well your body’s cells are able to absorb glucose (sugar) after you consume a specific amount of sugar. Doctors use fasting blood sugar levels and hemoglobin A1c values to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes as well as prediabetes. These tests may last 1 to 3 hours on average.

According to Healthline, a two-hour, 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used to test for diabetes. A healthcare provider will take a fasting lab draw of blood to test your fasting glucose level first. They’ll then ask you to drink 8 ounces of a syrupy glucose solution that contains 75 grams of sugar.

You’ll then wait in the office for two hours. The healthcare provider will draw blood at the one- and two-hour marks.

Blood glucose, or sugar, is sugar that is in your blood (easy enough!). It comes from the food that you eat — foods that contain carbohydrate, such as bread, pasta and fruit are the main contributors to blood glucose. The cells in our bodies need glucose for energy — and we all need energy to move, think, learn and breathe. The brain, which is the command center, uses about half of all the energy from glucose in the body. When we eat food, the pancreas (an organ that sits between the stomach and the spine) goes to work, releasing enzymes that help to break down food and hormones that help the body handle the influx of glucose. One of these hormones is insulin, and it plays a key role in managing glucose levels in the blood.

The lifestyle changes are exercises and reducing carbohydrate consumption throughput the day.

There are supplements that may be good alternatives to Metformin use:

Chromium is an essential trace mineral that helps the hormone insulin to function at its full potential. Nicotinate and picolinate are two forms of chromium. … Additionally, in a direct comparison against chromium nicotinate, the picolinate source was less effective in supporting the action of insulin.

Cinnamon may help lower blood sugar and fight diabetes by imitating the effects of insulin and increasing glucose transport into cells ( 6 ). It can also help lower blood sugar by increasing insulin sensitivity, making insulin more efficient at moving glucose into cells.

Vanadium compounds are potent in controlling elevated blood glucose levels in experimentally induced diabetes. However the toxicity associated with vanadium limits its role as therapeutic agent for diabetic treatment.

Bitter melon is linked to lowering the body’s blood sugar. This is because the bitter melon has properties that act like insulin, which helps bring glucose into the cells for energy.

Of course neither of these supplements haven’t received FDA approval to support or deny their claims. Most evidence is derived from small studies in Europe and Asia.

Sunergetic Blood Sugar Support has all the above and more. It helps me keep my A1C scores within normal range. But this claim is by no means scientific.

Large overdoses of metformin can lead to lactic acidosis as well. Suicide with metformin is rare. Intake of 35 g of metformin has been shown to be lethal. Severe liver problems could lead to a buildup of lactic acid. Lactic acid buildup raises your risk of lactic acidosis. Metformin also raises your risk, so taking it if you have liver problems is dangerous.

Because supplements have little supporting research, no figures were established. Properly dosing supplements requires a good licensed nutritionist. It will help recommend dosage to avoid side effects. Doctors, in USA, are not trained with nutritional avenues of alternate medicine. So it’s Metformin or 2 or 3 others on the prescription market.

Dietary restrictions are one way to help get Hemoglobin A1C levels down. You’re better off consulting a nutritionist. They work with your doctors. Philosophy is different. Doctors approach is what you can’t eat. A nutritionist focuses on what you can eat. How and when.

There’s a good 4-letter word for a diet that literally knocks out all those carbs that drives your pancreas crazy if you’re diabetic 2. The word is Keto. According to keto proponents, by slashing the carbs you consume and instead filling up on fats, you safely enter a state of ketosis. That’s when the body breaks down both dietary and stored body fat into substances called ketones. Your fat-burning system now relies mainly on fat – instead of sugar – for energy.

Proponents claim a keto diet is great for weight loss. Can it reduce diabetes 2 symptoms? The ketogenic diet, according to Healthline, has the potential to decrease blood glucose levels. Managing carbohydrate intake is often recommended for people with type 2 diabetes because carbohydrates turn to sugar and, in large quantities, can cause blood sugar spikes. f you already have high blood glucose, eating too many carbs can be dangerous. By switching the focus to fat, some people experience reduced blood sugar. But fat is also a source of triglyceride. Here again, a nutritionist might be helpful.

One problem with keto are ketones. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. Theu can be tested with a urine test. When levels get too high, you can develop DKA. DKA may happen to anyone with diabetes, though it is rare in people with type 2. Treatment for DKA usually takes place in the hospital.

Discovering you are pre-diabetic or have diabetes 2 is scary. Is it as scary as doing an hour of cardio-exercise four times a week?

The alternative is to just take Metformin and don’t be frightened until you lose peripheral body parts and lose vision. Yes, that is the long term problems with Diabetes 2.

Your main job is to get your Hemoglobin levels back to safe levels and keep them there. Keep all sugar levels in normal range. Then you’re out of the fear zone. The path is ominous and dark. But you’ve many to co-miserate with. Connect with a diabetes support group and share your experiences. Make friends but don’t go out to dinner. lol

I believe in a holistic attack on diseases. Diabetes 2 is one of them. Diabetes 2 influences your life and your emotions about your life. Change your lifestyle and diet choices. You may soon be clinically diabetes 2 free.

Nurdles are an apocalyptic science fiction but true

Norma sat comfortably but anxious as the Uber drove from the airport to her beachfront community in Siesta Key. She felt warm, though the car seemed to be blasting cool air. She took a issue from her plastic pack of tissues and wiped a tear just beneath her right eye.

It’s been almost a year since Charlie died. She and Charlie were married over 40 years in a coastal town in Maine. When their kids moved, She and C (as she called him) bought the condo off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. This is the first time Norma snowbirded alone, a little early for the season. She felt she couldn’t bear the cold another year without C.

It’s a long trip from the Tampa airport. She pulled a plastic bag from her carry bag. She tried to get an organic roll. She was frustrated trying to remove its plastic Stay-Fresh package but her stubbornness and hunger aided her.

Norma disliked plastic. But she realized how much plastic was reality. She enjoyed non-stick pans and used plastic utensils. Her phone, tablet, and computer are plastic. Not to mention her travel bags, and some of her clothes. My, plastics were all around!

She and C respected proper disposal of plastic products. Their children were both conservationists, as scientists for studying climate change. “But”, Norma said to herself, “So many people don’t recognize that we need to balance benefits and act responsibly with consequences.” She placed the emptied package into her carry bag.

It was mid-morning as the sun peered through her windows. “From 25 to 80”, she smiled. Norma was dressed and ready for the beach.

“Odd,” she thought as she approached the sandy area. “there’s nobody around”. The sand beneath her feet wasn’t fine and flat. It felt coarse, as if walking on salt. She thought that there might be a maintenance issue. She never reads her e-mail memos.

Time for a short dip. She walked into the water. Although the water was warm, she screamed. When she came ashore, Norma was bleeding and bruised.

Was it a sea creature? A baby shark? A monster from the deep? An alien?

Actually, it was more ominous and dark. It was of this planet and they seemed to be everywhere. They are man-made creatures called Nurdles.

Nurdles are small plastic pellets about the size of a lentil. Countless billion are used each year to make nearly all our plastic products but many end up washing up on our shores. A nurdle is a pre-production plastic pellet.

Plastic resin pellet pollution is a type of marine debris originating from plastic particles utilized in manufacturing large-scale plastics. Commonly referred to as nurdles, these plastics are released into the open environment, creating pollution in the oceans and on beaches. These are manufactured at factories near large bodies of water. In the USA and in other manufacturing countries.

Nurdles the pre-production building blocks for nearly all plastic goods, from soft drink bottles to oil pipelines. Nurdles are bought in bulk for melting, molding, extruding for millions of products used world-wide. Plastics originating as nurdles are in your car, in rails, boats and jets. They may be disguised as metallic or wood. When you touch them, they are plastic.

The Earth Day statisticians state: More than 480 billion plastic bottles were sold worldwide in 2016. That is up from about 300 billion only a decade ago. About one trillion single-use plastic bags are used annually across the globe. That’s nearly 2 million every minute. The amount of bubble wrap used around the world may be wrapped around the equator 10 times. All these and more may owe their origins to nurdles.

Researchers say nurdles weigh an average of approximately 20 milligrams each, and may be found virtually everywhere. It is estimated that more than 250,000 tons enter the ocean annually. If marine life ingest nurdles, they may be endangered. Research shows that nurdles can absorb chemicals like DDT, a now widely banned insecticide; PCBs, a group of manmade industrial chemicals; and mercury.

A report commissioned by Fidra in 2016 estimates that up to 53 billion nurdles may be spilled each year from land-based sources in the UK alone. That’s equivalent to losing up to 88 million plastic bottles to sea over the course of a year.

At the small-end of nurdles infestation is pollution can also lead to significant economic losses, for example through losses in revenue from tourism and the cost of beach cleaning.

So what’s the source of nurdle pollution?

In consideration that nurdles are pre-production synthetic cells that make up most plastic products, pre-production plastic factories are the main source.

A plastic pellet is manufactured. A catalyst is combined with ethylene or propylene in a reactor, resulting in “fluff,” a powdered material (polymer) resembling laundry detergent. After that the polymer is fed to an extruder where it is melted. Melted plastic is cooled then fed to a pelletizer that cuts the product into small pellets. Pellets are shipped to customers. But as a byproduct of manufacturing, pellets make their way to waterways near factories.

Nurdles that become lost during transit or manufacturing are also an environmental hazard. In the ocean and along coastal waterways, they absorb toxic chemicals and are often mistaken for food by animals. At an average size of a 2mm ball these may be mistaken for food.

According to Business Insider, In 2018, thousands of pounds of nurdles wound up in a stream in Pennsylvania after a semi-truck that was carrying them crashed along a highway. The following year, piles of nurdles washed up on Sullivan’s Island beach near Charleston, South Carolina. The state’s Department of Health and Environmental Control later attributed the pollution to a spill from a local shipping company.

Finding actual sources are difficult. There are a few in and near Texas’ gulf coast. Thes pre-production plastic factories provide employment to depressed communities. Generally, pre-production plastic manufacturers have an unaccountable worldwide network.

Much like Earth Day is the annual Global Nurdle Hunt. The Great Global Nurdle Hunt is an annual event (first run in 2019) which aims to build upon the worldwide engagement around the issue of nurdles and support calls for effective mitigating action at industry and government levels. It is scheduled for March 13 – 22 in 2020. The Nurdle Hunt collects data and advocates solutions, albeit mostly focused towards increasing personal responsibility. Nurdle Hint has no legislative authority.

Climate change has some very precarious resources from volcanic vents to nurdle pollution. These will definitely impact the planet in 2050 and prevention requires serious, stern, and authoritative accountability so humans can survive many centuries. At this point, Nurdle Pollution and unacceptability to legislation is as serious as nuclear war.

As far as Norma’s beach incident, she’s fine. Fortunately, the community has a filtered swimming pool. Common charges will increase as staff places netting to prevent further nurdle pollution to accumulate. Sand will be replaced. Yes, new labor for a disconcerting future. Norma is happier.

Global warming from within ocean hydrothermal vents

Climate change is a comprehensive issue. Has the world always had climate changes? They were reported in the biblical book of Genesis of the Old Testament. Of course they didn’t track weather patterns then. Burning forests may be the result of human error – an incorrectly disposed cigarette. Hydrothermal vents deep in our seas and oceans are recent discoveries where molten magma meets nearly frozen water. Are warming waters a problem from these natural hydrothermal vents?

Climate change is one of the major challenges confronting the future of planet Earth as we know it. All those Deep Planet videos we might watch demonstrate that beneath the oceanic depths are cracks, fissures, nooks, crannies as dangerous as the highest mountains above sea levels. Discoveries of hydrothermal vents at the ocean bottoms raise serious questions of warming waters and melting ice. Are we cooking from within?

Seismologists track the planet surface movements 24/7 at hundreds of points. Their information is critical predicting earthquakes and earthquake severity. Some movements are like hums while others crackle and pop. Global warming from within occurs during those innocent hums. That’s when hydrothermal vents form.

Hydrothermal vents occur at both diverging and converging plate boundaries. Heat is released as magma rises and cracks the ocean floor and overlying sediments. Seawater drains into the fractures and becomes super-heated, dissolving minerals and concentrating sulfur and other compounds. Sea creatures in those depths either thrive or die. At those greater depths via exploration equipment technologies many thrive.

Cold water meshes with extremely hot molten rock magma as vents burst through ocean floor. Discovered only in 1977, hydrothermal vents are home to dozens of previously unknown species. Huge red-tipped tube worms, ghostly fish, strange shrimp with eyes on their backs and other unique species thrive in these extreme deep ocean ecosystems found near undersea volcanic chains. These are the fit that have survived the initial heat blasts of formed hydrothermal vents. For us, these vents are as foreign as radio waves from galaxies 900 million light years away. But they exist throughout our planet.

For the most part these occasional hydrothermal vents for magma are relatively small…a few centimeters. For the most part, earth crust at ocean temperatures act as potent barriers. Then there’s human impact. In the past, the main human impact affecting deep-sea ecosystems was the dumping or disposal of litter into the oceans. If it were only litter. Humans have tossed some heavy items and waste that landed on ocean floors. All it takes is a tiny crack and a century to make a hydrothermal vent.

Hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor may have some impact at releasing volcanic heat into our water systems, impacting ice formations and weather patterns as extreme heat converges with extreme cold. The severity is there may be communities of these hydrothermal vents deregulating a regulation system formed over millions of years.

People use hydrothermal energy for survival. Regulation of body temperature in vertebrates is a function of a central mechanism and the main thermoregulatory organ is again the hypothalamus, particularly the preoptic area (POA), where the sensory input on the brain temperature and core temperature is integrated. Other parts of the central nervous system, such as the brainstem and spinal cord, are also involved in thermo-regulation. Our bodies sweat because our skin has pores that help maintain thermoregulation.

Your hypothalamus is a section of your brain that controls thermoregulation. When it senses your internal temperature becoming too low or high, it sends signals to your muscles, organs, glands, and nervous system. They respond in a variety of ways to help return your temperature to normal.

The problems encountering ocean floor regularization are that if there may be one vent then there may be more hydrothermal vents forming a community. Each involves a hot/cold exchange and regulation is a war of average potentials.

And that process helps sustain a deep ocean balance. Most living things on earth depend on sunlight as the ultimate source of energy. Green plants use sunlight to make food by the process of photosynthesis. In the darkness of the ocean depths there is no sunlight for photosynthesis. So how do living things survive in such an environment? The answer is found in bacteria that can use another source of energy to make food.

Water coming out of a vent is rich not only in dissolved minerals but also in chemosynthetic bacteria. These bacteria are capable of utilizing sulfur compounds to produce organic material through the process of chemosynthesis. The bacteria are autotrophs that oxidize hydrogen sulfide in vent water to obtain energy, which is used to produce organic material (i.e. grow themselves).

Chemosynthetic bacteria are the primary producers and form the base of vent food webs. All vent animals ultimately depend on the bacteria for food. So hydrothermal vents are very beneficial to creatures living at the dark oceanic depths. For all we know, these vent/water exchanges have been present since the earth first developed its crust. Billions of years ago, according to science theoretical models.

Presence of hydrothermal vents probably have little to do with global warming. Releasing noxious gas and waste into our ecosystems may have had more impact. These vents may be natural players that rewrite regulation parameters of planetary climates. Climate change refers to the changes in the global climate which result from the increasing average global temperature. For example, changes in precipitation patterns, increased prevalence of droughts, heat waves, and other extreme weather, etc.

The debate is serious. On the nay side, earth’s weather patterns have only been recorded for the past 150 years. Yet, since the industrial revolution, about 300 years ago, new chemicals found their way into our vast ecosystem. Also, we are discovering more fluctuations of the space of our solar system and scientists are exploring phenomena such as hydrothermal vents. So there are statistical outliers that boggle finite conclusions. But, in our lifetimes, changes in climates have been observed.

Within hydrothermal vents, influences on water temperatures are vague. Hydrothermal fluid temperatures can reach 400°C (750°F) or more, but they do not boil under the extreme pressure of the deep ocean. As they pour out of a vent, the fluids encounter cold, oxygenated seawater, causing another, more rapid series of chemical reactions to occur.

Based on global water temperature statistics: The average temperature of the entire ocean surfaces usually ranges from 15 to 17 degrees Celsius (59 to 62.9 degrees Fahrenheit). There is a barrier between the surface water and deeper layers of the ocean that are not mixed. The barrier begins around 100 meters and can extend another few hundred meters downward. The average temperature of deep-ocean water is only 2°C (36°F). The water coming directly from a hydrothermal vent can reach up to 350°C (662°F) and is rich in dissolved chemicals. The hot spring water forms a plume above the vent, somewhat like smoke rising from a chimney into the air. Temperature-sensing instruments, towed behind research vessels, can detect these hot-water plumes and aid oceanographers in locating hydrothermal vents on the ocean floor.

Like hot springs and geysers on land, hydrothermal vents form in volcanically active areas—often on mid-ocean ridges, where Earth’s tectonic plates are spreading apart and where magma wells up to the surface or close beneath the seafloor.

These hot plumes of water from reactions with hydrothermal vents may contribute to ocean water temperatures from within.

As far as carbon dioxide releases into the air, results revealed that dissolved organic carbon is efficiently removed from ocean water when heated. The organic molecules are broken down and the carbon converted to carbon dioxide. The entire ocean volume circulates through hydrothermal vents about every 40 million years, according to theorists studying at University of Georgia.

Climate effects from vast forest fires, waste disposal, and gluttony for fossil fuels may be stressing our planetary biomes. They may arise from ignorance, irresponsibility, profit, convenience, and other factors. The vast fires of Australia may have been started by campers and smokers. 14 people have been arrested. Humans and humanity may be more significant drivers of climate changes than hydrothermal vents.

On seismology offices the earth is humming. Is it a happy or sad tune?

Do not touch me Sensory Processing Disorder SPD

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My early research was in sensitivities. I wasn’t all that interested with allergies, the immune system, and emotions. I was interested in how our 5 senses plus nerves/muscles interact and adapt to our environments, learning, talents, relationships, and mobility. How did our brains process our awareness? Adaptations and conflicts? My interests focused on hyposensitivity (Hyposensitivity to touch and movement refers to low or abnormally decreased sensitivity to motion and sense of touch) and Hypersensitivity (high sensitivity to the environment can be defined as acute physical, mental, and emotional responses to one’s external (environmental, social) stimuli. Highly sensitive people feel and sense things far more strongly than others do). That was a pretty full plate about 30 years ago. Stemming from peers, more sensory research and advanced technologies brought about a new condition affecting children and adults. Sensory Processing Disorder or SPD has opened new scopes of research that in some ways bridge and compete with autism, obsessive-compulsive and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders.

Estimates believe that 1 in 20 may have SPD or 5% of the population as studied. While some may be hypoactive, most studies focus on hyperactive situations that lead to learning disorders and advanced interactive conflicts. ADHD is fairly close at 12.9 percent of men will be diagnosed with ADHD, compared to 4.9 percent of women. ADHD has treatment via prescription pills. Thus far, SPD does not. Hypersensitive behavior in people is found in 15 to 20% of the population. So the focus is justifiable.

There appears to be a tendency, made popular by ADHD and Autistic Spread Spectrum, to cluster unique behaviors in children and adults. SPD is a malfunction of body awareness, perceptions, and related balance. Some kids seem to have trouble handling the information their senses take in—things like sound, touch, taste, sight, and smell. Some of those kids take it to adulthood.

Is it due to behavior? Genetics? Upbringing? Maybe. Few studies have been able to validate or invalidate why SPD develops. Those with Sensory Processing Disorder, sensory information goes into the brain but does not get organized into appropriate responses, according to neuroscience studies. In these ways neuroscience has established how SPD is associated with Autism Spread Disorder (ASD) and Attention Deficit Disorder (ADHD).

SPD is not one specific disorder, but rather an umbrella term that covers a variety of neurological disabilities. Because the child with SPD has a disorganized brain, many aspects of his behavior are disorganized. Being classified as a disability would require extensive documentation as SPD isn’t fully recognized in children and adults.

Modern theorists point to our individualistic characteristics and development. For example fingerprints are very unique to the individual. Many things are unique, such as blood and tissue types, features, diseases. Brains filled with many neuronal networks may have deviated “wiring”, making ASD, ADHD, SPD and other diseases like DDX3X difficult to treat. It may be the result of genetics and hereditary as causes. Deviated wiring may be the effect among kids that otherwise appear normal and happy. Yet, in school or social settings, they tend to perform with difficulties. Children with SPD struggle with processing stimulation, which can cause a wide range of symptoms, including hypersensitivity to sound, sight and touch. Yet, knowing this, may indicate that SPD may be more of a problem than ADHD or ASD. Think of it as a form of dyslexia of the brain.
SPD can be hard to pinpoint, as up to 90 percent of children with autism also are reported to have atypical sensory behaviors, and SPD has not been listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual used by psychiatrists and psychologists.

One of the things common in SPD and ASD (but not seriously studied in ADHD) is bursts of overload attacks. Think of variation of brainwaves that allow us to remain alert, relaxed, and asleep. These kids are always on beta (alert) waves that may be painful and distracting.

Scientists are just beginning to understand and tinker with how people can live and excel with SPD, with some very good successes from very small samples. Use of medicines, special diets, lifestyle changes were included but no firm method. Traditionally, SPD made use of occupational therapy but with mixed results.

Historically, SPD gained little attention as diagnostics were poorly developed. Scopes and PET scanners were only diagnostic tools. As the 21st century rolled in more studies recognized SPD, despite its absence from the DSM. In 2013 a breakthrough study hypothesized that there were more SPD cases than ASD cases in schools.. Yet, how did scientists test for SPD and were those tests reliable?

For adults ADDitude made a self-test survey that adults could fill out. Surveys are subjective and not considered scientific. Provides guidelines of what questions were answered more or less.

In children, SPD may be observed by parents as toddlers experience problems. Parents notice that a child has an unusual aversion to noise, light, shoes that are deemed too tight and clothes that are irritating. They may also notice clumsiness and trouble climbing stairs, and difficulty with fine motor skills like wielding a pencil and fastening buttons.

Of course there are many child development disorders that offer similar symptoms but SPD subtly differs at sensitivities to light, touch, noises, and clothing.

Diagnosis may be a little tricky. Most doctors may jump at ADHD or ASD, as there is some symptom overlap. More thorough exams may explore genetics to reveal DDX3X, dystrophies, and other possibilities. If you report hypersensitive issues to many sensory stimuli, doctor may refer you to an occupational therapist. These professionals can assess children for SPD. They will likely use a series of questions and observations to make a diagnosis. They may observe how your child reacts to certain stimuli. Occupational therapy (OT) is considered a viable therapy for SPD prospects. Beware, their observations may be skewed. OT has had mixed results at efficacy as a treatment.

Adults with SPD also get confused with misdiagnoses. OT is less effective. They have already adjusted to dressing comfortably. Some find role-play effective for compromising actual situations involving mobility at work or shopping or other things that require mobility. Interaction is generally mild. Hypersensitivity means people with SPD people have very low thresholds to variances of others and loudness.

People with SPD experience over reactive processing which can amplify the senses and create over sensitivity to stimuli resulting in sensory overload. To a person without SPD, a train is loud but tolerable, but to a person with SPD, that sound can be stifling, intolerable and even painful, creating anger and avoidance. Travel by public transportation is usually avoided. Yes, a crowded elevator or interior space may be unnerving.

Dating and intimacy are particularly challenging to the SPD and the other. Does the person reveal she has SPD? Some might prefer something out-of-the-box, something people call kinky. Socially, sadomasochistic communities and dominant/submissive relationships may be an integrative comfort zone for a person with SPD. While they are not mutually SPD friendly, the SPD dater doesn’t necessarily share an SPD diagnosis.

Someone dating someone with SPD is flaunting with unique everyday challenges. If you think, “Not tonight, dear, I have a headache” is a flimsy excuse, what would you think about “Not tonight, dear, you’ve put the wrong sheets on the bed again and the refrigerator sounds terrible, and you smell like you just got off an airplane, and my cocoa had lumps in it, and therefore I’m overwhelmed and can’t bear to be touched”?

That is not to say that a person with SPD has to kiss intimate relationships adieu. For people with tactile defensiveness (very sensitive to touch, gets irritated) type of SPD, sex is especially difficult. Since sex involves a lot of touching (including kissing, cuddling, fondling…and touching all the way and I have to stop mentioning the obvious details), some people with tactile SPD are averse to sexual activities. But, by adopting masochistic tendencies, may tolerate and exceed their threshold. The pain is rationalized within a supportive relationship.

Adults with sensory dysfunction issues have to cope with the challenges of everyday life while struggling with their neurological responses to such things as ceiling fans, background noise, off-gassing synthetic carpets, too many people talking at once, uncomfortable work clothes, and so on. So…typical dating environments might be like a tunnel of horrors.

Sounds, sights, smells, textures, and tastes can create a feeling of “sensory overload.” Bright or flickering lights, loud noises, certain textures of food, and scratchy clothing are just some of the triggers that can make kids and affected adults feel overwhelmed and upset.

SPD is not a mood disorder. It should not be confused with autism or ADHD, though symptoms overlap. Using Concerta for ADHD may help some symptoms of SPD but not all. SPD clearly stems from a brain that has been developed slightly differently, per University of California San Francisco study.

In studies, SPD is emerging as a new, exciting star but so much more research is necessary. Part of the problem is the condition is not professionally accepted. Although sensory processing disorder is accepted in the Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC:0-3R), it is not recognized as a mental disorder in medical manuals such as the ICD-10 or the DSM-5. This restricts orthodox treatment.

Sensory processing is the way each of us responds to incoming sensory information. We learn and grow through our senses which include touch, sight, sound, smell, taste, proprioception, and vestibular sensations. We manage our day-to-day activities through all the information our bodies take in. Ninety percent of this information is actually below our conscious level of awareness. A worker with SPD may find these normally unconscious stimuli as disturbing, in a condition that evolves with age.

Many workplaces have ways they can adapt for medical conditions or they can get assistance from an occupational therapist in order to make ADAAA accommodations. Most companies may not even be aware of sensory processing issues and how much they can affect some people’s lives. Awareness is key and simple changes can drastically affect some people’s lives and work performance.

Like individual fingerprints, muscle and nerve issues, skin issues, brains follow specific guidelines when developing. Takes about 3 to 5 years on average. SPD develops in the brain as a form of distortion affecting senses at varying degrees. For the most part, adults with SPD are smart, articulate, and welcoming. Beware the hypersensitivities. You must be super-tolerant.

Being part of the human race, there are so many permutations and combinations that alter ourselves and realities. At our most normal, we disguise our frailties. Throughout conflicts, betweens, and hugs, our bodies and minds have differing capacities. We must join together to battle challenges. From my early efforts of understanding sensitivity in the 1990’s, we’ve slowly crept to understand that when someone says “Do not touch me”, it might be sensory overload or SPD. Answers lie in ever afters.

Understanding selfish and selfless

Being selfish is negative. Being selfless is good. Is that so? Selfish and selfless are seemingly close relatives.

Selfish is a marker of establishing territory where you are the center. The two primary characteristics of selfishness are being concerned excessively or exclusively with oneself;
Having no regard for the needs or feelings of others.

It is totally different than selfish behaviors of a child that says this toy is mine, this clothing is mine. This room is mine. Kids grow out from that behavior. Well…maybe some.

Ironically, people who are selfish are usually unaware of the fact, believing they are genuinely nice people. A selfish person cares only about themselves (obviously) and creating happiness for them, regardless of how others are affected. Individuals who are extremely caring and emotionally understanding are typically the ones who are “used and abused” by the selfish. In the beginning, they will seem caring and looking to pamper you, but only long enough for you to let your guard down.

Is selfless the exact opposite of selfish? Many intellectuals say no. This is because selflessness isn’t even possible. The choice to ever be “selfless” will always be driven by a form of serving one’s self? No person chooses to be selfless because THEY absolutely hate it or are against doing it. People choose to be selfless because THEY want to, or believe they should be because of some virtue they hold dear, etc. Regardless of the reason for choosing it, the reason always serves some aspect of their self/being.

Many people distinguish selfish people as those who take and selfless people as those who give. Generally speaking, “selfless” gets a warmer welcome and is more widely accepted as “good”. Neither selfishness nor selflessness is good or bad. In fact, the two concepts are intricately linked. A relatively small study using 36 people was researched in Japan by Riken.

These volunteers were asked to choose one of two options, each with a baseline reward to themselves. One option then involved an extra financial reward for the participants and the other, a reward to ‘others’—in this case a series of well-known charities.

The group looked at what happened when a person is giving an extra reward to one of the charities, using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a computational modeling method called a connectivity analysis. They discovered that there is a three-stage cascade process involved.

In the first stage, the brain detects a perceived benefit to others. The first stage was accompanied by neural activity in the right temporoparietal junction (right TPJ) and the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (left dlPFC) regions. The second stage involves understanding the impact of the offer of value on the outcome. This corresponded to activity in the right anterior insula (salience network). The third stage is the actual decision-making process. Decision-making corresponded to activity in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), supporting findings from previous studies that have implicated the mPFC in strategic reasoning.

One of the most striking findings was that there was a distinct difference in the neural processes involved in giving to others between prosocial and individualistic subjects. This difference existed even when the two groups chose similar things in the original task.

This isn’t all about selfishness and generosity, but rather perceptions of value, emphasize the researchers. Rather than being altruistic, a generous subject may be perceived more value in social contributions or be subject to predispositions such as inequity aversion and guilt. The team have called the process of deciding to give to others ‘social value conversion’. In the paper, the team predicted that social value conversion is actually a primitive computation that may be essential for different forms of social behavior.

The team’s findings provide building blocks for investigating more complex forms of social decision-making. Exploring ideas about generosity and selfishness would call into question the role of cultural and religious factors, and variations across countries and regions, for example, in accounting for how we each perceive and take on board consideration for others.

Subject volunteers were age 20 to 32 and total subjects were 32. A very small study as fMRI is a very costly device that tracks how the brain is activating neural networks in decision making. Selfishness and selflessness are associated within a brain’s social neuronal networks. So the links are valid but in a small scale.

When psychologists evaluate selfish behaviors, many indicate:
Manipulation. …
Uncaring. …
Plotting and scheming. …
Self-centered and conceited. …
Giving and sharing do not come easily. …
Expectations of others to do things for them.

Psychologists view selflessness as a set of altruistic behaviors as helping others as a reward. Altruism involves acting out of concern for the well-being of other people. In some cases, these acts of altruism lead people to jeopardize their own health and well-being to help others. In many cases, these behaviors are performed unselfishly and without any expectations of reward. This is valued as empathy at being pro-social vs selfish as anti-social. But are the two so very far apart?

Some social psychologists believe that while people do often behave altruistically for selfish reasons, true altruism is possible. Others have instead suggested that empathy for others is often guided by a desire to help yourself. Quite ironic!

The self preservation always wins. Our brains may have a self referential bias. To test for self-referential bias in working memory, the research team, a collaboration between Duke University, the University of Bath in the U.K. and Southwest University in China and funded by Chinese government grants, created a computer program and tested it on 102 study participants.

First, participants learned to associate the colors blue, green and purple to labels of “friend,” “stranger” or “self” with a simple game. Then, two different-colored dots, like green and purple, would briefly flash on the screen. After a five-second pause, during which participants had to remember the locations and colors of the previous dots, a black dot would appear on screen. Participants then indicated if the black dot flashed in the same place as one of the colored dots, and if so, which label fit.

Participants correctly identified the “self”-labeled dots significantly faster than the “friend” or “stranger” dots. That meant their working memory focused on the dots labeled with the “self” color.

Referential thinking is the tendency to view innocuous stimuli as having a specific meaning for the self and is associated with personality traits and disorders.

The SRC (Self Reference Criterion) is an unconscious reference to one’s own cultural values, experiences, and knowledge as a basis for decisions. Closely connected is ethnocentrism, that is, the notion that people in one’s own company, culture, or country know best how to do things.

In the recent US Congress Impeachment decision, the SRC was very high with both parties. Each party’s SRC was so bound in “self” bias hat there were no crossing over party lines.

SRC plays roles in a variety of lifestyles. Each individual owns his/her particular lifestyle behavior as preservation of self identity. These are matched by neurotransmitter studies. with particular focus on serotonin.

What of altruism? One person’s SRC usually outweighs it. Altruistic motivations, for example, contribute to the well-being of another even though it may be at their own expense. Differentiating between altruistically motivated, norm motivated, strategically motivated and self-reported prosocial behaviors are rather confusing. Human prosociality is a complex phenomenon, a fact that is reflected in the number and diversity of measures that are used
to assess prosocial behavior across different disciplines.

Whether self preservation is selfish or selfless, it’s all biased to a pseudo-narcissistic protection of each self, as a master or a submissive of our own fate. From weight management, economy, and friendships, and opinions we may give others unconditional positive regard but we always think of our SRC first and our own conditions for the self.

Whether selfish or selfless, self is always first. Then we choose others. Yet, when cognitive rationing comes into play selflessness becomes more influential.