Social distancing in new relationships

Intimacy and seeking intimate relationships have always come in many different flavors. While COVID-19 promotes social distancing, many relationship counselors share their few cents of sense. Regardless whether you’ve been together for a hot minute or for what feels like forever, practicing social distancing together can quickly bring up the strengths and weaknesses in even healthy relationships. Or point out all the differences.

Long distance relationships go back through centuries. Relationships were made for strategic alliances among countries. Farmers arranged marriages among children to build labor forces, finding mates from other towns.

In 2015, Queen’s University Belfast researchers studied 1,142 relationships. All couples were in their 20’s, 30 percent of them were out of college, and 77 percent were heterosexual. The results showed that people in long distance relationships indicated the same levels of intimacy, communication, commitment, sexual satisfaction, and overall satisfaction as those in geographically close relationships.

Social media and digital match making businesses, such as e-harmony.com, help singles find mates. These use personality types, interests, pictures, and videos. How truthful are these? That may take vetting. Vetting is the process of performing a background check on someone before offering them employment, conferring an award, or doing fact-checking prior to making any decision. In addition, in intelligence gathering, assets are vetted to determine their usefulness.

In some religions or cultures, parents and friends get involved in studying potential mates (or dates) for compatibles or incompatibilities. Some outcomes may prevent a first date from ever happening. For many centuries, chaperones were customarily used on initial dates.

Prior to the digital age, Pen-pals were people that write to one another from all over the world. Some classic movies and books dealt with the pro’s and cons. In a 1940 classic movie Shop Around the Corner (based on a Hungarian play) two employees at a gift shop can barely stand each other, without realizing that they are falling in love through the mail as each other’s anonymous pen pal. Yes, distances and anonymity can really corrupt long distance relationships.

COVID-19 corrupts the dating process with physical masks and gloves and actual physical distance. Most restaurants and bars have tables barely 3 feet wide. The question of whether COVID-19 is sexually transmitted is largely irrelevant to the risks of having sex with someone who is infected. Coronavirus is transmitted, among other ways, through droplet infection. Secretions from the mouth (consisting of saliva and mucus) and nose can contain the virus. Even if you don’t kiss the person you are having sex with, you are likely to be breathing closely together. You are likely to be touching the same surfaces, which someone could have touched with soiled fingers.

Adding to complications are possible sexually transmitted diseases (STD) that most commonly occur prior sex. Only certain sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are transmittable through kissing. Two common ones are herpes simplex virus (HSV) and cytomegalovirus (CMV). Kissing can be one of the most exciting parts of a relationship. But you may also feel wary of kissing if you’re with someone for the first time. When adding COVID-19 possibilities, gloved handshakes might be preferable.

While 82% of couples in long distance relationship put an end to their adventure after finally moving in together, according to a Ohio State University 2019 study. Many relationships hardly get to a single date or beyond a second date.

With Facebook, Twitter, and dozens of social media sites, long social distancing relationships can be creepy. First is getting over avatars, false names, false gender, false location and false age. Yes, visual messengers help. You really don’t know how many simultaneous LDR a person has. Then these social distancing relationships grow stale. I have heard of cases where one ghosts the other. Ghosting is when someone you’re dating ends the relationship by cutting off all communication, without any explanation. After a long LDR social distancing relationship, psychological impact is devastating. When being ghosted, people often take it to reflect on themselves — their own wrong behavior, imperfections and flaws. But ghosting actually reveals more about the personality of the ghoster than the ghostee. Ghosting is most similar to the avoidance and the mediated communication strategies. Yes, social media exposes you to good relationships but more than many end up being superficial.

Social distancing during a pandemic still allows most to text, e-mail, and use multimedia messaging. Much may be shared by texting or phoning. Sometimes it releases higher quality sharing. Sometimes it doesn’t. Technology allows more depth than pen-pals. Social distancing redefines dating – casual or otherwise. You might say SIRI or the click is mightier than roses or chocolates. Literal sharing creativity has spawned eroticism in media and can transpose to interesting flirting. The power of social distancing can be perceived as 21st century foreplay.

In recent weeks, many people throughout our planet have begun working remotely, if they haven’t been furloughed or laid off; schools have canceled classes for weeks; and restaurants, retail stores, bars, gyms, and other gathering places in dozens of states have shuttered. Meeting with friends, socializing in brick (real physical) reality has become abstract. These are significant life-changers and, if we don’t show it, we are stressed nonetheless. Social distancing technology is vastly becoming a more powerful medium. It’s the new reality.

Social distancing doesn’t mean everyone is sick. Wearing gloves, masks, and other protective gear is ethically responsible (though some may find it kinky). Ethical obligation to curtail activities, practice social distancing, and substitute activities with safer alternatives, like teleconferencing instead of in-person work meetings or, even if you live in a city where bars are still open, changing a first date from a wine bar to a walk outside may seem like a kinky way of living. Yet, social distancing protects all who we encounter, ourselves, and significant others and is the most responsible way of flattening statistical curves to avoid further spread of this virus.

In Ireland, public health officials are encouraging a “no parties, no playdates, no playground” policy, per the Irish Times. Muireann Ní Chrónín, a consultant respiratory pediatrician at Cork University Hospital, told the paper: “In most epidemics, young children are the transmitters.” With Covid-19, older people are most at risk, but children can spread the disease, and at least a small risk of severe illness is present for all age groups.

As animals have historically been carriers of viruses, pets may need tests and social distancing. I would guess no mingling in dog-run parks.

Coping with surviving an infectious microbe requires thinking beyond normal. Coronavirus will likely evolve in future decades and we must adapt new ways to tackle them We must be mindful of three things:

Social distancing means keeping a safe distance (approximately 6 feet) from others and avoiding gathering spaces such as schools, churches, concert halls and public transportation.

Quarantine involves avoiding contact with others if a person has been exposed to coronavirus to see if they become ill.

Isolation involves separating an individual who has contracted COVID-19 to prevent them from spreading it to others.

As of this writing, COVID-19 has no vaccines, treatments or cures. These 3 lifestyles must be adopted. They are not easy. Psychologists’ research has found that during a period of social distancing, quarantine or isolation, you may experience:

Fear and anxiety
You may feel anxious or worried about yourself or your family members contracting COVID-19 or spreading it to others. It’s also normal to have concerns about obtaining food and personal supplies, taking time off work or fulfilling family care obligations. Some people may have trouble sleeping or focusing on daily tasks.

Depression and boredom
A hiatus from work and other meaningful activities interrupts your daily routine and may result in feelings of sadness or low mood. Extended periods of time spent at home can also cause feelings of boredom and loneliness.

Anger, frustration or irritability
The loss of agency and personal freedom associated with isolation and quarantine can often feel frustrating. You may also experience anger or resentment toward those who have issued quarantine or isolation orders or if you feel you were exposed to the virus because of another person’s negligence.

Stigmatization
If you are sick or have been exposed to someone who has COVID-19, you may feel stigmatized by others who fear they will contract the illness if they interact with you.

Creating, having, and keeping meaningful (even flirty) relationships is very possible with social distancing. There may be some important things missing in social distancing but hope for fulfilling them when all this has passed. At this point, social distancing means affection.

Coronavirus dystrophy

Coronavirus Dystrophy? A dystrophy is defined as a disorder in which an organ or tissue of the body wastes away. Dystrophy is globally prevalent, challenging those that fear those tiny microbes and avoid them. Further challenges are ahead for those that test positive. Then there is the likelihood of death. There is no clear cure, treatment, and vaccine.

I have myotonic dystrophy,type 1. Myotonic dystrophy affects at least 1 in 8,000 people worldwide. The prevalence of the two types of myotonic dystrophy varies among different geographic and ethnic populations. In most populations, type 1 appears to be more common than type 2. It is a genetic disease. It also has no clear cure, treatment, or vaccine. Myotonic Dystrophy is among over 150 muscular dystrophies monitored by the global Muscular Dystrophy Association network. It has challenges, disabilities, and deaths.

Greater prevalence and studies were aimed at Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. At the age of 25, the survival rate was 13.5% in DMD patients born in the 1960s, 31.6% in those born in the 1970s, and 49.2% in patients born in the 1980s. Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a muscle disorder but it is one of the most frequent genetic conditions affecting approximately 1 in 3,500 male births worldwide. … The disease is progressive and most affected individuals require a wheelchair by the teenage years.

Coronavirus diseases are types of a dystrophy as it threatens the majorities of people who never gave virus pandemics a second thought. There are many people for whom mobility involves social distancing and constant adaptations every day. More than 18 million people have limited mobility caused by everything from accidents to disease to the aging process. Six million of those 18 million are veterans. One in five elderly people struggle with mobility. The number of veterans with disabilities has increased dramatically by 25 percent since 2001. Many adapt to their world with canes, walkers, prostheses, and wheelchairs.

Coronavirus-19 or SARS-2 viruses are tiny microbes that pass through the air and linger on surfaces. They are germs and we live with germs in and around us every day. Coronavirus-19 is particularly infectious and invisibly travel within environments with wide temperature ranges. Over 400,000 have tested and have caught it. There are about 19,000 deaths attributed, and about 110,000 recoveries globally. About 300,000 are mild and about 110,000 are severe.

The numbers of those testing positive vary. Test availability is low and offered to those who display flu-like symptoms. As more testing is done, total numbers of potential coronavirus-19 cases rise within a distribution of people. Then the question arises whether tests are specifically measuring for coronavirus type viruses or only version 19. Coronavirus is not new to humans. 19 is.

Human coronavirus is a common, enveloped, positive-sense RNA virus, with most people contracting it during their lifetime. Coronaviruses cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses. There are six currently known strains of coronaviruses that infect humans. The most common infection globally is from human coronaviruses 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1. The much publicized human coronavirus, SARS-CoV, which causes severe acute respiratory syndrome, or SARS, has a unique pathogenesis because it causes both upper and lower respiratory tract infections and can also cause gastroenteritis. The six human coronaviruses are: alpha coronaviruses 229E and NL63, and beta coronaviruses OC43, HKU1, SARS-CoV (SARS), and MERS-CoV (the coronavirus that causes Middle East Respiratory Syndrome or MERS). Are professionals testing all 6 or only for 1? Test results have changed from taking days to minutes – in just a matter of weeks. Are analyses being compromised? For now,these are the best tests available.

Do pets factor in Sars-Cov spread? Over the last 70 years, scientists have found that coronaviruses can infect mice, rats, dogs, cats, turkeys, horses, pigs, and cattle. Sometimes, these animals can transmit coronaviruses to humans. Ancient plagues were likely results of rodent populations found in the hulls of cargo ships. Naples and Venice were identified as ports that needed to quarantine ships. Rats have been associated with shipping for thousands of years. Roman ships brought the black rat to the British Isles over 1,600 years ago. The brown rat, commonly known as the wharf rat, is found on every continent in the world except Antarctica — much of the spread attributable to being carried on ships and boats. Can hugging your cat or dog give you Sars-Cov? Can breeding animals or poultry contribute to numbers of Coronavirus cases?

A recent Scientific American article considered climate change as a possibility. “As the Earth continues to warm, many scientists expect to see changes in the timing, geography and intensity of disease outbreaks around the world.”

The coronavirus is an uncommonly common influenza or flu that has fever, congestion, coughs, and digestive symptoms. It is one of 6 identifiable types, with many variations and sub-types that are unknown. The World Health Organization estimates that worldwide, annual influenza epidemics result in about 3-5 million cases of severe illness and about 250,000 to 500,000 deaths. In the United States, individual cases of seasonal flu and flu-related deaths in adults are not reportable illnesses; consequently, mortality is estimated by using statistical models.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that flu-associated deaths in the US ranged from about 3000 to 49,000 annually between 1976 and 2006. The CDC notes that the often-cited figure of 36,000 annual flu-related deaths was derived from years when the predominant virus subtype was H3N2, which tends to be more lethal than H1N1. Yes, there are many families of viruses and some have greater and lesser impact. There are flu vaccines available that cover many known viruses.

As with a dystrophy, there are no specific treatments or cures. Unlike dystrophy, a flu tends to be acute rather than chronic. Yet, we know little of coronavirus-19. It, unlike most chronic mobile disabilities, is contagious.

A modeling study in Singapore of Coronavirus-19 (common name) was published 3/24/20 in Lancet, a British Medical Journal:
A new modelling study conducted in a simulated Singapore setting has estimated that a combined approach of physical distancing interventions, comprising quarantine (for infected individuals and their families), school closure, and workplace distancing, is most effective at reducing the number of SARS-CoV-2 cases compared with other intervention scenarios included in the study.

The previous week, the USA NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases noted that “new research finds that the virus that causes coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is stable for several hours to days in aerosols and on surfaces. Scientists found that severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) was detectable in aerosols for up to three hours, up to four hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to two to three days on plastic and stainless steel.” It’s contagion possibilities are more enduring than merely sneezes in a public setting. Sneezes and coughs travel as much as 6 feet.

Prior and since this recent pandemic, some scientific studies were done. With small samples and short duration, these study results are rather inconclusive to large populations.

Science experimentation for large groups require time, depth, and retesting. Some are half-baked.

A quasi-experimental design is one that looks a bit like an experimental design but lacks the key ingredient – random assignment. These are “queasy” experiments because they give the experimental purists a queasy feeling. With respect to internal validity, they often appear to be inferior to randomized experiments. But there is something compelling about these designs; taken as a group, they are easily more frequently implemented than their randomized cousins. Queasy is easy.

A clinical study is based on selected populations with random and double-blind secure measures. A clinical study involves research using human volunteers (also called participants) that is intended to add to medical knowledge. There are two main types of clinical studies: clinical trials (also called interventional studies) and observational studies. ClinicalTrials.gov (USA) includes both interventional and observational studies.

ClinicalTrials.gov uses specific strict, ethical guidelines that filter out hunches and opinions. A clinical study is conducted according to a research plan known as the protocol. The protocol is designed to answer specific research questions and safeguard the health of participants. It contains the following information:

The reason for conducting the study
Who may participate in the study (the eligibility criteria)
The number of participants needed
The schedule of tests, procedures, or drugs and their dosages
The length of the study
What information will be gathered about the participants

Conclusions are statistically studied and interpreted. Idea in science is to determine the validity as to whether the original purpose was true or false. As you see, these studies can not be rushed. Many need several clinical trials prior to reaching conclusions. False sponsors and politics can confound results. Personal interests tend to prefer quasi-experiments.

People with dystrophy adapt their lives to a world that doesn’t recognize their special needs to use public and business areas. Many restrict. Years past, these were invalid – not valid individuals. Today. is a bit better. It’s life with distance and restrictions that require adaptations to do activities most take for granted.

Adapting to social distancing and curfews may reduce spread of contagion. We live in a digital age that allows work from home, video-conferencing, social media, investing-banking, and wide access to education and entertainment. Delivery services help businesses bring products and food to customers Coronavirus-19 impact is not yet known. The world is in panic mode. Eventually, a new normal will evolve.

Religious, social, and forums are finding avenues to use online access. Old methods of living are challenged by climate changes, social changes, and new diseases. When online developed, we knew it was wise to use internet security software. As we witness Coronavirus impact, we must study our powers and dystrophy to revise how we coexist with future changes. It’s adapting to new realities, based on our histories.

If one was a gambler, it’s likely that coronavirus 20 may be in our future. Odds are better than an asteroid hitting our planet. At the very least, lessons learned from current coronavirus dystrophy may help us improve coping with subsequent viruses. Rest assured, viruses have existed long before humans. They will evolve ever after.

Viruses will continue to be active and develop to cause new infections. Sars-Cov2 is the root of many fears. We hope that changing lifestyles, social distancing, and temporary quarantines help prevent spread. Continued virology research may produce weapons to allow humans to normalize. After a 2-trillion dollar USA economic package, I hope that the fiscal budgets consider more money to advance virus research to prevent calamities like the SARS-Cov2, coronavirus-19 pandemic. Without it, future generations will develop coronavirus dystrophy.

Coronavirus and the Vegan Diet

Can you get coronavirus from eating a salad or vegan stew? Answer is yes. Wash your produce well and hope.

Coronavirus is the new 4-letter word that spreads like silent snipers through our planet. More people are being tested and, of those results, coronavirus is spreading. Of course, science is grappling with coronavirus by attempting to answer unanswerable questions. Are there false positives from tests? Are tests testing for the right virus? Also sneezes and coughs spread germs. Vegans, picking fruits and vegetables in produce aisles, are especially vulnerable too.

People constantly touch fruits and vegetables. They may also have colds and other seasonal infections. They squeeze items and put noses close to smell freshness, while dropping a few onto the floor.

A preliminary study published this week, used an atomizer to simulate a cough or sneeze spray of coronavirus strain. Discoveries were monitored and shared with Health institutes of University of California, Princeton University, and Center for Disease Control (CDC). The virus could be detected in the air for up to three hours after it was aerosolized with a nebulizer, up to four hours on copper, up to 24 hours on cardboard and up to two to three days on plastic and stainless steel.

Ever think about the surfaces of Apples, Pears, Citrus, Celery, and other produce? Is it possible that hard apples might be stained with coronavirus for days?

In this biome of plant growth, potential edibles are subject to dust, microbes, worms, and larvae of tiny little creatures. Many vegans claim that organic foods are invulnerable due to better care. Actually, that may be untrue. Instead of ordinary pesticides, pesticides from more organic sources are used.

List of Organic Pesticides:

Bacillus Thuringiensis. Bacillus thuringiensis, more commonly referred to as Bt, is a biological pesticide, which means it is a living organism that is in some way lethal to garden or yard pests.

Beauveria Bassiana. Beauveria bassiana is a fungus that grows naturally in soils throughout the world and acts as a parasite on various arthropod species, causing white muscardine disease; it thus belongs to the entomopathogenic fungi.

Kaolin Clay. The use of Kaolin clay in the garden has been found to control insect pests and disease as well as protecting against sunburn or heat stress and may enhance fruit color too.

Neem Oil. Neem oil insecticide kills some pests after they have eaten leaves sprayed with it, while it repels others with its strong smell. Neem oil is used to control many pests, including whitefly, aphids, Japanese beetles, moth larvae, scale, and spider mites.

Pyrethrum. Pyrethrins are pesticides found naturally in some chrysanthemum flowers. They are a mixture of six chemicals that are toxic to insects. Pyrethrins are commonly used to control mosquitoes, fleas, flies, moths, ants, and many other pests. … Whole, crushed flowers are known as pyrethrum powder.

Plant Oils or Biopesticides. Oils such as lemon, orange, and anise give fruits and seeds their characteristic odor and taste. The oils are used as pesticides to repel certain animals and insects, and to kill certain insects. When used as pesticides, these oils do not present any known risks to humans or the environment.

Along with possible Coronavirus from other produce customers and staff, all these organic pesticides may coat your valued foods.

For most part, I see people washing produce for as little as 5 seconds under running water. Is this enough to remove insecticides and viruses like coronavirus? What do you think?

Vegans make it a point to wash produce thoroughly with ritualized practices. Some soak them in baking soda for 2-minutes then rinse thoroughly.

Some soak produce in Apple Cider Vinegar and rinse thoroughly. Some use ultrasonic basins or wands to sterilize the produce. Hopefully viruses like Coronaviruses go down the drain too.

Many people have seasonal colds caused by viruses. They do not respond well to antibiotics. Viruses are another microbial family. Most viral colds go away as weather warms. Viruses don’t survive in heat.

According to a new article in National Geographic, viruses that cause influenza or milder coronaviruses (yes, there are seven in total that affect humans) often subside in warmer months due to a concept called “seasonality,” or a predictable rise and fall depending on the time of year.

This coronavirus strain comes from a new side of the viral family… SARS-CoV-2. There have been reports that infectivity of SARS CoV (SARS coronavirus) was lost after heating at 56°C (132-degF) for 15 minutes but that it was stable for at least 2 days following drying on plastic, in a lab study of 2011 when a SARS flu was present. But this coronavirus (COVID-19) hasn’t been fully examined for high temperature tolerance.

There are 219 virus species that are known to be able to infect humans. The first of these to be discovered was yellow fever virus in 1901, and three to four new species are still being found every year. According to Medicine Plus, They are made of genetic material inside of a protein coating. Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, smallpox, and Ebola. Different viruses attack certain cells in your body such as your liver, respiratory system, or blood. Some have been associated with cancer growth.

Current coronavirus strain still has more questions than answers. It’s spreading at a moderate but noticeable speed to impact society on many levels. Salads may be a great route to fitness. Vegetarian and vegan lifestyles deem healthy results. But you have to make certain that all produce, organic or conventional, is washed thoroughly. Based on SARS temperature range, I’d advise cooking above that tempoerature.

Navigating yourself and understanding where you are

People with no disabilities and people with disabilities have navigating difficulties. Seems many people have navigating challenges by passivity. Getting safely from Point-A to Point-B may be very challenging. The prompts are coded in Retrosplenial cortex. If you actively and purposefully set landmarks, this part of your brain will get you to A, B, C (and so on) safely.

Getting lost but finding yourself? GPS has been a wonderful navigating tool. It helps drivers find easy ways to get from one location to another. Some people don’t know the correct direction to travel in their local area. Navigating is difficult. For some with cognitive decline, navigating is impossible.

A group of MIT neuroscientists studied navigating and how your brain encodes and decodes landmarks that help you navigate.

Familiar landmarks, using diagnostic testing, asserts that a part of the brain called the retrosplenial cortex (RSC) lights up when you see a landmark and you may decide what you want to do.

Rodents using mazes seem to manage mazes to find cheese reward. Some say it’s part of conditioning. Functional studies of the RSC of rodents consistently point to a role in learning and navigation. These roles are thought to be acted out in concert with the hippocampal formation and the limbic thalamus.

Studies of patients with unilateral retrosplenial damage suggest the RSC has an important contribution to navigation, whereas bilateral retrosplenial damage is often associated with anterograde and varying degrees of retrograde amnesia. The reason? Retrograde amnesia (RA) is a loss of memory-access to events that occurred, or information that was learned in the past.

With no stored landmarks, you’re fundamentally lost though you’ve traveled the area hundreds of times.

Deviations on developing cognitive maps of an area occur with organic damage or as a normal pattern. Everyone has mental maps that they use for navigating; to get around, no matter how “good they are with directions”. Picture your neighborhood, for example. The average person has large mental maps to tell them where towns, states, and countries are positioned and smaller maps to navigate areas like their kitchen. They travel to work, stores, friends, and houses of worship almost automatically. That’s when the RSC knows what it’s doing. Paths are familiar.

There are people that don’t construct mapping for various types of navigating. Those who always travel by car, may have difficulty navigating by walking. The landmarks may be different.

The RSC has been the focus of an increasing amount of research, fueled in part by recent findings that it is among the first cortical regions to exhibit pathology associated with Alzheimer’s disease There is consistent evidence that the RSC suffers very early pathological changes in the progression of mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer’s disease. Changes in metabolism and physical activity reduction might be contributors.

Long-term memory is thought to rely on the neocortex and is critical for a variety of cognitive processes, including attention, decision making, and new learning. The RSC lies in the midbrain, near the hippocampus, and uses very advanced functions setting spatial memory concepts. Without it, navigating from point A to point B would be impossible. Nor finding your way back to pint A.

Sadly, even the MIT study used rodents as subjects and noted further studies are necessary.

Yet, observation does provide anecdotal evidence that more than a few have cognitive mapping dysfunction, unless there is a known reward.

Cognitive Learning is a type of learning that is active, constructive, and long-lasting. In behavioral geography, a mental map is a person’s point-of-view perception of their area of interaction. They study it to determine subjective qualities from the public such as personal preference and practical uses of geography like driving directions. They use other landmarks as street signs, stores, and other features.

There may be cognitive mapping dysfunction for people with adaptive challenges, as movement decreases. There is no direct evidence.

People without disabilities often use maps or written directions as navigation tools or for remaining oriented. Cognitively-impaired population is very sensitive to issues of abstraction (e.g. icons on maps or signage) and presents the designer with a challenge to tailor navigation information specific to each user and context.

Spatial knowledge is fundamental for the autonomy and the improvement of quality of life for individuals with blindness. Other cues must be learned and mastered to establish maps. Yet, RSC is storing them.

It is unknown whether cognitive function plays a role in the onset of major mobility disability (MMD) and if the effects are independent of physical function. Within neuro- and muscular disorders, purposeful, planned, and structured endeavors undertaken to improve skill or physical fitness level may be helpful. Mapping indoor and outdoor areas for safety require active coding and encoding landmarks for both safety and direction.

Physical activities are those that require energy expenditure and involve bodily movements produced by skeletal muscles. They also involve active thinking, listening to music or not. I prefer navigating without music.

Coronavirus Travel avoiding COVID easily tea tree oil

Living is a contact sport. When a virus seems to spread, human contact is compromised and extra perseverance is taken at hand washing. So Purelle and other disinfectant gels and wipes are out of stock. What about those of us who didn’t prep for this coronavirus epidemic? Think out-of-the box. Tea Tree Oil has both antibacteria, and anti-fungal properties.

According to Medical News Today, Tea tree oil is distilled from the leaves of the Melaleuca alternifolia plant, found in Australia. The oil possesses antibacterial, anti-inflammatory, antiviral, and antifungal properties. A person can treat acne, athlete’s foot, contact dermatitis or head lice using tea tree oil.

Now coronavirus is a result of a virus infection. Many colds are based on viruses. Antibacterial wipes may not be enough. You need to attack viruses. According to Healthline, Tea tree oil has antiviral properties that have proven to be effective against common pathogens. A 2001 study found that a combination of tea tree oil and eucalyptus oil worked effectively against the herpes simplex virus. A 2013 study found that tea tree oil could prevent the spread of influenza.

Researchers, in a 2018 study, have used the antibacterial properties of tea tree oil to create a bioactive coating that keeps bacteria away from medical devices. The findings may help to stave off millions of infections per year. Using special techniques, essential oils can now be turned into a hard, antibacterial surface that protects against infection.

An ideal natural alternative to chemical-based sanitizers, tea tree oil-based sanitizers can be just as effective when it comes to killing several strains of illness-causing bacteria and even more effective with others.

E coli, for instance, was found in some studies to be more effectively broken up and wiped out by tea tree-based agents than when attacked with commercially produced chemical products. Another tick in the tea tree oil box when choosing a hand sanitizer has to come with the fact that it is eminently more environmentally friendly from leaf to litter than the many branded varieties of hand soap.

Essential tea tree oil is not a very expensive essential oil in comparison to other types of oils. You can also use face washes and gels, which contain this oil to soothe your skin on a daily basis.

The funny element is that as hand sanitizers are being bought in response to this possible coronavirus threat, tea tree oil is available. People just don’t think out-of-the-box.

In an article from Medical News Today, Eucalyptus oil shows anti-viral activity as a vapor. Red thyme oil is effective against flu viruses as a liquid phase. Cinnamon leaf oil also shows antiviral activity as a liquid. Tea tree oil is effective against the flu virus within 5 to 10 minutes of exposure, as found in another study.

Admittedly, most studies are small but one study in 2017 tested 3 essential oil mixes and noted that they had antibacteria and anti-fungus properties.

Essential oils have many benefits to protect against coronavirus. Like most beneficial things, there are some consequences. A few essential oils can cause burning when exposed to ultra-violet (UV) lighting. So, before laying out in the sun at the beach or heading to a tanning salon, it is important to ensure that you wait at least 12 hours once a photosensitizing oil has been applied to the skin. Depending on the oil and length of exposure to the sun, skin reactions from certain oils can range from mild discoloration to severe swelling and blistering burns. So read about Tea Tree Oil and become aware that while most people have no side effects, some may develop.

Coronavirus is threatening. Weighing essential oils, that have anti-viral properties, as protection is wise. When trying to act normally with a coronavirus in the environment, something like Tea Tree Oil is a healthy alternative.

Do women have orgasms?

The nightly routine begins again. He lies on top of her. She feels his wetness. He kisses her forehead. She then says, staring upwards, “Honey our ceiling needs painting.” When it comes to sex, women are absolutely levels away. Do women have orgasms or do they fake them for their partner’s ego? Taboo to discuss, female orgasms are as complex as they are simple. They are about attachments and social glue. Not merely babies.

Issues related to sex are not talked about enough even with a health care provider. Let’s just start by saying, 65 per cent of women are embarrassed to say the word vagina and 45 per cent of women never talk about their vagina with anyone, not even with their doctor. Though attitudes on sex have changed, 10 to 20% of all women report they have never have never experienced orgasm. Are orgasms faked? Well, 80% experienced orgasm. Yes, women can experience orgasms. But is it important?

An orgasm is a climax of sexual excitement. While sex and orgasms are popular, there are other triggers. Some people receive orgasms from great foods, chocolates, conversation, events, and more. Asking someone special to dinner might be a prelude to relationship depth. Some find exercise as sexual. Planned Parenthood reports that in a 2000 survey, 39 percent of 2,632 U.S. women reported masturbating to relax. Orgasms may help improve complexion. The fabulous thing about the benefits of orgasm on your skin is that it doesn’t involve any fancy and expensive creams or lotions. But the best part is that you can reap all the good benefits orgasming alone, just as much as you can with a partner! According to Healthline, orgasms increase circulation to organs in the pelvic cavity, delivering nutrients, growing healthy tissues, and regulating your menstrual cycle. There are many health benefits to having orgasms, apart from calorie use. Just think of things that make you climax.

Dream cycles in sleep have been associated with orgasms. Wet dreams occur during sleep and consist of ejaculation for men or vaginal lubrication for women. They are also known as nocturnal emissions. They are sometimes interpreted as a spontaneous orgasm with associated dream content. Women may not be aware of the occurrence of vaginal lubrication or wetness during sleep associated with a wet dream, it is thought that they also experience this phenomenon, according to Verywell website. Yes, orgasms may occur when least expected in the unconsciousness of sleep.

When it comes to sex, men enjoy pursuit and conquest but how do women feel? Perhaps it’s attraction? Or other things. But do women experience orgasm through this sexy act? It seems sensuality takes a superior role over sexuality as per modern studies as to whether women orgasm in relationships or alone or ever. It may just be reproductive.

There was a classic Jerry Seinfeld TV show that covered that women fake orgasms. This was astounding to the male ego. Do women care for orgasms? Are men really necessary? So I came across this research article about how mysterious the female orgasm is. Based on animal studies, the presumption was orgasms led to reproductive success. Some research suggests that orgasms still create the perfect conditions for conception — even if they’re not necessary to ovulate.

Frequency of sex change upon meeting and after marrying. Based on survey results, early relationships report 31 percent of couples have sex several times a week; 28 percent of couples have sex a couple of times a month; and 8 percent of couples have sex once a month. However, another study, printed in The University of Chicago Press about 10 years ago, stated that married couples are having sex about seven times a month, which is a little less than twice a week. It’s risky to cite statistics on sexual satisfaction for a few reasons. This is because much of the data is from self-reported information. Based on psychological data, there is a decrease in both frequency and satisfaction as couples are together longer. Then there are hormonal changes. An average middle-aged adult might be 54 times/year (about 1/week).

Age decreases importance of frequency. There may actually be health benefits to maintaining your sex life. One study published in 2016, for instance, compared cognition to the sexual activity of people between 50 and 89. Women tend to report sensual companionship over sexual. It appears orgasm is less centered but touch is greater. Penetration is less important. Or is it? Among healthy baby boomers orgasms are more solo. Sex toy sales have risen in the over 60 population. A vibrator allows you to feel and give pleasure without vaginal penetration – a plus for women who have issues with dryness or pain during intercourse. Ironically, among women over 60,

In the early 1970’s, a young feminist, Shere Hite, published a 600 page book on female sexuality. The Hite Report revealed, based on surveys, the national study revealed that many women faked orgasms.

According to Medical News Today, the social expectations surrounding women’s orgasms can be particularly distressing to women who don’t always experience them. And when depictions of sex in the media are thrown into the mix, the gap between expectation and reality widens even further.

A Population Research Institute at the Family Federation of Finland study in Helsinki – asked more than 8,000 women in Finland about their sexual experiences. Prof. Kontula found that in 2015, only 6 percent of women said that they always had an orgasm during penile-vaginal intercourse, 40 percent said they had an orgasm nearly always, 16 percent of women had an orgasm half the time, and 38 percent had one infrequently. A total of 14 percent of women under the age of 35 had never had an orgasm from intercourse. Many had experienced orgasms through masturbation.

According to Woman’s Day, When you have a headache, it’s pretty common to go to bed. But you shouldn’t be sleeping. “There is some evidence that orgasms can relieve all kinds of pain, including pain from arthritis, pain after surgery, and even pain during childbirth,” says Lisa Stern, R.N., a nurse practitioner who works with Planned Parenthood in Los Angeles. It’s largely due to the body’s release of oxytocin during orgasm, a chemical that facilitates bonding, relaxation, and other positive emotional states, she explains.

Woman’s Day goers on: According to recent research, 10-40% of women report having difficulty or an inability to reach orgasm. One of the best ways to fix that is through clitoral stimulation, Stern says. But medical treatment can also help, as some women suffering from female sexual dysfunction (FSD) may find topical testosterone therapies or oral medications to be helpful. Unfortunately, there isn’t a ton of solid medical evidence behind these treatments yet, which is why it’s important for researchers to keep digging. In the meantime, anyone experiencing difficulty should talk to their doctor as FSD can be associated with other medical conditions, including thyroid disease, depression, and diabetes.

Psychology Today reported across multiple different studies from the last several decades of research, scientists have consistently observed that between 60 and 80 percent of women will not orgasm during sex, and that a further 10 percent won’t orgasm at all in their lifetime.

Is it that men don’t care about discovering what turns women on or is it that most women are not interested? A recent study indicates that masturbation is preferred.

Culturally, to this day, female orgasms are suppressed by ritual removal of a young girl’s clitoris. Called female genital mutilation and cutting FGM/C, according to US government statistics researchers estimate more than 513,000 girls and women in the U.S. have experienced or are at risk of FGM/C within the USA. They add, “Worldwide, as many as 140 million girls and women alive today have been cut.” Although illegal in USA since 1996, FGM/C is reported on the news as on-the-rise in the USA. For faith or culture, many women have been served gender injustice for not being allowed to experience orgasm.

Amidst romantic notions and passions, women are capable of orgasms. How many are faked? A study, reported in Psychology Today in 2019, included 1,008 women between the ages of 18 and 94 who responded to a confidential Internet-based survey. The women were mostly heterosexual and they all lived in the United States. The results indicate that 58.8 percent of participants reported faking an orgasm at some point in time, but two-thirds of those who had ever faked an orgasm in the past indicated they no longer did. Other studies have found that anywhere from 25 to 74% of women admit to having faked an orgasm at some point in their lives within a couple relationship.

Female orgasms are more complex and varied than male orgasms. The high importance that society places on sex, combined with our incomplete knowledge of the orgasm, has led to a number of common misconceptions. There is researched evidence that orgasms are also not widely considered to be the most important aspect of sexual experience. One study reported that many women find their most satisfying sexual experiences involve a feeling of being connected to someone else, rather than basing their satisfaction solely on orgasm.

Overall, apart from reproduction, pleasure may be derived with or without orgasm by women. There are far more dimensions to relationship integrity. Even post-feminism, discussing orgasms is still taboo among women. The idea is a pro-choice issue. Partner or solo, orgasms are healthy and an integral part of living but not necessarily central to well-being on other levels.

Do you need orgasms? According to Medical News Today. “Several hormones that are released during orgasm have been identified, such as oxytocin and DHEA; some studies suggest that these hormones could have protective qualities against cancers and heart disease. Oxytocin and other endorphins released during male and female orgasm have also been found to work as relaxants.”

The high importance that society places on sex, combined with our incomplete knowledge of the orgasm, has led to a number of common misconceptions. Females seem to appear happier feeling/being strongly connected to someone else, rather than basing their satisfaction solely on orgasms. Females do have orgasms but relatedness is the nurture that tops the nature. Female orgasms might act as a kind of social glue.

Intelligent wearables digital clothing and smart diapers

I’m always true to you,darling, in my fashion (Cole Porter) and fashion is becoming smarter. For babies, there are intelligent wearables as diapers that help parents know when to change the baby’s diaper. Another example of intelligent wearables are sensor jumpsuits for diagnosing movement disorders in infants. Many wear intelligent wearables to display heart rates as belts or clothing. For all these, intelligent wearables started with less intelligent intentions as an E-textile for sex over the internet. Intelligent wearables are the present carving out futures for a world developed for smart apps.

Years ago, manufacturers integrated sensors or special wires to add warmth to socks and gear. These minute electronic fibers used conductors that added warmth without bulk for extreme weather conditions. They are called E-Textiles. An e-textile is a fabric developed with electronics in it to enable conductivity and the use of various technologies. Electronic textiles may be embedded with sensors, batteries, LEDs and hands-free computing devices, depending on the fabric’s purpose. That’s old tech. Those textiles are now smarter. Optical fiber embedded fabrics and conductive fabrics are good examples of passive smart textiles. A group of researchers are working on making diapers smarter for alerting parents when baby’s diaper needs changing. Directly to your smart device.

These researchers from Massachusetts Institute of Technology have been studying how to make diapers smarter when wet by sending a signal to your smartphone, according to Neuroscience News. The sensor consists of a passive radio frequency identification (RFID) tag, that is placed below a layer of super absorbent polymer, a type of hydrogel that is typically used in diapers to soak up moisture. When the hydrogel is wet, the material expands and becomes slightly conductive — enough to trigger the RFID tag to send a radio signal to an RFID reader up to 1 meter away.

While active RFID use battery sources, passive RFID systems use tags with no internal power source and instead are powered by the electromagnetic energy transmitted from an RFID reader. Passive RFID tags are used for applications such as access control, file tracking, race timing, supply chain management, smart labels, and more.

So, when available, these smart diapers might increase pricing by about 5-cents per diaper. It’s anticipated that increased use of RFID may match current pricing if popular. The ominous question is whether 1 meter (about 40 inches) is sensible whem parents are mobile with children. I am certain they will have Pamper apps on their phones for alerts.

My view, when it comes to having a baby using diapers, an app-based method of prompting diaper changing is neat. I think that the range should be double but will the baby feel the current. Also, what are long-term benefits or consequences of these smart diapers? Studies of exposure to electromagnetic sources have been inconclusive as harmful to adults. What about babies? But there are other electromagnetic sensor E-textiles of medical benefit.

Another study focuses on sensors in infant jumpsuits as a diagnostic tool. It tracks Automatic Posture and Movement Tracking of Infants with Wearable Movement Sensors.

The study aims to focus on key global healthcare challenges to detect the early recognition of infants that eventually develop lifelong neurocognitive disabilities.

The use of intelligent wearables is believed to be a more accurate method to help monitor infant movements, without using external wires. The sensors are data collectors and the sensors are “read” by diagnostic teams. The garment features a total of four battery operated wireless Suunto Movesense sensors that are mounted proximally in the upper arms and legs. Of course, will the infant feel these?

Suunto Movesense sensors have been used for several years as belts and wearable devices to help measure heart rates in adults. Using Swedish technology, Suunto is compatible for smart apps and intelligent wearables.

According to the researchers, the primary goal of the present jumpsuit setup and analysis was to obtain a temporally rich description of the infant movement activities over periods of time. This information could be used later to support a variety of clinical goals and decision making. In addition, an automated classifier for such movements could be then fine-tuned or adapted for more specialized clinical diagnostics or evaluation of intervention efficacy — tasks for which less training data are typically available compared to the overall infant population available for data collection.

There is an importance to see research expand the use of intelligent wearables or smart textiles for medical testing of children and adults. These may one day replace bulky EKG and EEG wiring systems used for current medical evaluations.

Oddly, the initial designs of the early development of intelligent wearables came in the 1980’s, as teledildonics. Teledildonics evolved as technology for the sex toy market and improved internet-based socialization. As per Gizmodo web site, thanks to a new generation of internet-enabled playthings that fall under the awesomely-named umbrella of teledildonics. These toys let long-distance partners “feel” each other in real-time via data-enabled devices. Yes, intelligent wearables for our more fundamental instincts.

According to Cleo Stiller of Fusion, they’re basically sex toys that can be controlled from the Internet — that is, they can be controlled from anywhere by sending data back and forth between a device and a controller. That means that you can control a sex toy your partner is using and vice versa, thus creating a long-distance version of the kind of physical intimacy that has hitherto only existed when all partners are in the same location. A good example of this would be a vibrator you’re using that your significant other is controlling on their smartphone on the other side of the globe.

Intelligent wearables may have nothing to do with your intelligence levels. Intelligent wearables may make life and living seem smarter. Will wearing intelligent wearables be in your future? Maybe you can check your SmartWatch and share?

Forget about those skin implant tags. Intelligent wearables may track your movements and lifestyles.

May psychedelics help treat mental health and PTSD

While psychedelics epitomized the culture and music of the 1960’s, drug abuse was rampant. As the sun set on the 60s, the US government ramped up its war on drugs and in 1970 President Nixon introduced the Controlled Substances Act, rendering psilocybin, mescaline, LSD and DMT illegal. About 2 weeks ago, John Hopkins School of Medicine received a 17-million dollar grant for study of psychedelics as therapy for PTSD, Depression, Anxiety, and Alzheimer’s Disease.

Included in this study is the party drug of the 1990’s – Ecstcy. Ecstasy works both as a mind-altering drug like LSD and as a stimulant like amphetamine. Chemically, ecstasy is a synthetic drug, officially known as 3-4 methylenedioxymethamphetamine, or “MDMA.” It is chemically similar to methamphetamine, methylenedioxyamphetamine (MDA), and mescaline.

Before prescription drugs, there was alchemy. Alchemy was the medieval forerunner of chemistry, based on the belief that there are four basic elements in nature: air, fire, water and earth. Pantheists used these elements as treatments and cures of sicknesses back then. Consisting of magic potions and secrecy. Now recently marijuana has been associated for relief of pain, nausea, and anorexia. In this rejuvenated plant-based society, chemistry and alchemy find that psychedelics might help treat mental health and PTSD, according to recent research in 2017 and 2018.

Connectedness is considered a key factor of psychological well-being. The authors propose that psychedelic therapy addresses a core factor of mental health – specifically connectedness – and that this is why psychedelics show promise for so many mental health diseases, including depression, addiction and anxiety.

Alchemy used consciousness potions and leaves that induced altered consciousnesses for relaxation, fevers, and undefinable ailments. They were also used for pacts of peace and alliance.

These were psychedelics. For recreation, most psychedelics were prohibited in the 1950’s, as dosages could be fatal and addictive.

According to Yale University research, published January 2020, The results of a field study of more than 1,200 people attending multi-day arts and music festivals in the United States and United Kingdom confirm previous laboratory research indicating that psychedelic substances enhance feelings of social connectedness and improve mental well-being, the authors say.

With veteran soldiers and victims of abusive PTSD, psychedelics may prove to be beneficial. Some cases of PTSD are considered untreatable. But researchers are seeing dramatic results from therapy that uses psychedelic drugs to treat PTSD, depression and addiction. Therapy involving substances like Psilocybin and MDMA, better known as ecstasy, show 80 percent success rates years after treatment.

Yet these trials are done with small and tight clinical trials. According to PubMed, ” Even with an expanding evidence base confirming safety and benefits, political, regulatory, and industry issues impose challenges to the legitimate use of psychedelics.”

Proponents of treatments with psychedelics espouse that these therapeutics also support plant life, in April 2018.

Magic mushrooms are having a therapeutic moment. In North America, at least four organizations, each with unique strategies, are working to expand access to psilocybin for anyone with mental health issues, dying or not. These groups hope to undo decades of psilocybin prohibition by removing criminal penalties for possession or cultivation, or by providing access to psilocybin in a therapist’s offices, or both.

A group of private donors has given $17 million to start the Center for Psychedelic and Consciousness Research at Johns Hopkins Medicine, making it what’s believed to be the first such research center in the U.S., and the largest research center of its kind in the world. In the absence of federal funding for such therapeutic research in people, the new center will rely on the gifts announced today to advance the emerging field of psychedelics for therapies and wellness.

Psychedelics might be an alchemy PAC that is funding research into therapeutic psychedelics. Yet, for those suffering with chronic PTSD, depression, and anxiety disorders, alchemy may be forging a reluctant friendship with the traditional medical community.

In the 1970’s and 1980’s research demonstrated that neurotransmitters were behind the causes of depression, anxiety, and others. The top 3 neurotransmitters are serotonin, nor-epinephrine, and dopamine.

Ecstasy activates these:

Dopamine—produces increased energy/activity and acts in the reward system to reinforce behaviors

Norepinephrine—increases heart rate and blood pressure, which are particularly risky for people with heart and blood vessel problems

Serotonin—affects mood, appetite, sleep, and other functions. It also triggers hormones that affect sexual arousal and trust. The release of large amounts of serotonin likely causes the emotional closeness, elevated mood, and empathy felt by those who use MDMA.

While antidepressants may target any one of these, psychedelics target all. In addition, dosing was not controlled. This often may have led to lethal consequences.

MDMA is a synthetic drug, meaning that it’s made of chemicals. It comes in colorful pills, tablets, or capsules that sometimes have cartoon-like images on them. Sometimes each pill, or batch of pills, can have different combinations of substances in the mix and cause unknown consequences.

Ecstasy is purely lab produced. Psilocybin comes from certain mushrooms. Both are illegal. Ecstasy, also called Molly or MDMA are sometimes found in dietary supplements. RollSafe’s recommended MDMA supplements. Supplements like Alpha Lipoic Acid, ALCAR, Vitamin C, Co-Q10 and some others have been shown to reduce or prevent MDMA-induced neurotoxicity in rodent studies. According to RollSafe, research based information on MDMA (Molly/Ecstasy) dosage: read why you should take less than 120 mg of MDMA per session. None were human studies and this is a shill, marketing ploy, in my opinion.

Of course, water, salt, pepper, are chemicals. Psilocybin is a phytonutrient found in a certain breed of mushrooms. Psilocybin is a hallucinogenic substance people ingest from certain types of mushroom that grow in regions of Europe, South America, Mexico, and the United States. The phtonutrient itself isn’t illegal but body conversion is. After the gut ingests and absorbs psilocybin, the body converts it to psilocyn. The hallucinogenic effects of psilocybin usually occur within 30 minutes of ingestion and last between 4 and 6 hours.

While there are no extensive studies of therapeutic effects within controlled scientific environments, there’s yet no reliability that psychedelics play significant roles in treatment of depression, anxiety, and PTSD. There have been a few smaller studies in recent years that offered hope.

The big flaws are in humans themselves. Exceeding dosages, all these drugs are abused. Also, no side-effects have been clinically shown.

It might be nice if psychedelics played significant roles in treating these common chronic ailments. Finances may be biased and skewed as the are sourced from MAPS, Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies.

The Johns Hopkins grant lends a respectable medical institution, one that played an important role in isolating the first neurotransmitters. Solomon Snyder Laboratory at Johns Hopkins, cited evidence that information processing in the brain reflects communication among neurons via neurotransmitters.

Metformin and diabetes scare

Diabetes is a pandemic with prevalence in USA and most of the world. Metformin is one of the oral pills prescribe by doctors as an alternative to injected insulin. Metformin is a treatment for Diabetes 2. In order to get cured, a diet and exercise regimen must be integrated as a routine lifestyle. Sadly, most people continue taking pills, drink soda, eat Oreo, and watch TV. Then they wonder why Metformin dose increases as Diabetes grows worse.

More than 100 million U.S. adults are now living with diabetes or prediabetes, according to a recent report released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). People with type 1 diabetes don’t produce insulin, and are born with it. People with type 2 diabetes don’t respond to insulin as well as they should and later in the disease often don’t make enough insulin, according to Healthline. There have been higher incidences of Diabetes Type 2. Type 2 diabetes has several causes: genetics and lifestyle are the most important ones. A combination of these factors can cause insulin resistance, when your body doesn’t use insulin as well as it should. You may not feel it. Could be major or minor. A blood test at your primary care physician is the best way to get clues.

So you’ve got the results of your blood test. Basic glucose is in normal range. Your triglycerides are in the normal range. But the Hemoglobin A1C is getting mighty close to the pre-diabetic range. The A1c test evaluates the average amount of glucose in the blood over the last 2 to 3 months by measuring the percentage of glycated hemoglobin in the blood and has been added to blood tests over the past 10 years. Now your doctor recommends starting Metformin on prescription. Metformin is a commonly prescribed drug. Metformin works to lower the amount of sugar in the blood of people with diabetes. It does this by lowering the amount of sugar produced in the liver, and also increasing the sensitivity of muscle cells to insulin. In your blood test, it helps reduce your Hemoglobin A1c score. Does it make you non-diabetic?

There are a few things to consider:

Metformin leads to significant reduction in testosterone levels, sex drive and induction of low testosterone-induced erectile dysfunction. Of course so can diabetes.

Commonly reported side effects of metformin include: lactic acidosis, diarrhea, nausea, nausea and vomiting, vomiting, and flatulence. Other side effects include: asthenia, and decreased vitamin B12 serum concentrate. 77% of metformin users with vitamin B12 deficiency also had peripheral neuropathy, a common form of nerve damage associated with type 2 diabetes. Peripheral neuropathy is a type of nerve damage most often characterized by pain, tingling, and numbness in the hands and feet. Vitamin B-12, or cobalamin, is a nutrient you need for good health. It’s one of eight B vitamins that help the body convert the food you eat into glucose, which gives you energy.

Impaired renal function can lead to the accumulation of metformin, and elevated concentrations of metformin have been associated with lactic acidosis.: Metformin may have an adverse effect on renal function in patients with type 2. Metformin is not considered intrinsically hepatotoxic. In fact, metformin may be beneficial in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Damaged liver diseases may not work with metformin.

Metformin has been around since the 1920’s. It is based on natural sources. Metformin was originally developed from natural compounds found in the plant Galega officinalis, known as French lilac or goat’s rue. Metformin was also marketed as Glucophage. Generic metformin and Glucophage are prescription medications for Diabetes Type 2, and are taken orally.

We mention that Diabetes 2 may be linked to poor diets and lack of exercise. Medical News Today notes: Exercise can reduce insulin resistance and improve type 2 diabetes symptoms. However, some research suggests that taking metformin in the short term may reduce the positive effects of exercise on insulin sensitivity. One study showed metformin alone and exercise alone led to 55% and 90% improvements in skeletal muscle insulin sensitivity, respectively. Significantly, however, metformin + exercise led to a smaller improvement at 30%.

Is it better to focus on activity lifestyle changes than resorting to Meformin? Does diet factor in?

Per Healthline, Metformin doesn’t really link with helping weight loss. f you’re losing weight while taking metformin, it may or may not be the result of the medication. Weight loss can result from other factors as well. For example, some health conditions may cause loss of appetite, which can lead to weight loss. These conditions include:
depression
stress
anxiety
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
cancer
AIDS
Parkinson’s disease

Classic signs and symptoms that suggest you’ve moved from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes include:
Increased thirst.
Frequent urination.
Fatigue.
Blurred vision.

The symptoms of diabetes 2 are something to get depressed and anxious about. The early signs and symptoms of type 2 diabetes can include:
Frequent urination.
Increased thirst.
Always feeling hungry.
Feeling very tired.
Blurry vision.
Slow healing of cuts and wounds.
Tingling, numbness, or pain in the hands or feet.
Patches of dark skin.

According to Mayo Clinic, a blood sugar level less than 140 mg/dL (7.8 mmol/L) is considered normal. A blood sugar level from 140 to 199 mg/dL (7.8 to 11.0 mmol/L) is considered prediabetes. This is sometimes referred to as impaired glucose tolerance. If you receive a prediabetes diagnosis, it means you have a higher-than-normal blood sugar level. But, it’s not high enough to be diagnostic for diabetes. If you don’t get treatment for it, prediabetes can lead to type 2 diabetes, heart disease, and stroke.

Now Hemoglobin A1C makes it simpler. An A1C level below 5.7 percent is considered normal. An A1C level between 5.7 and 6.4 percent is considered prediabetes. Above that, you’ve Diabetes 2 to contend with.

Hypoglycemia is another non-diabetic form of pre-diabetes. Hypoglycemia is the condition when your blood glucose (sugar) levels are too low. It happens to people with diabetes when they have a mismatch of medicine, food, and/or exercise. Non-diabetic hypoglycemia, a rare condition, is low blood glucose in people who do not have diabetes.

Hyperglycemia is the technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). High blood sugar happens when the body has too little insulin or when the body can’t use insulin properly.

More doctors and endocrine specialists are happy to prescribe Metformin merely from A1C test results but when you observe the different mechanisms of diabetes a glucose tolerance test should be recommended. A glucose tolerance test measures how well your body’s cells are able to absorb glucose (sugar) after you consume a specific amount of sugar. Doctors use fasting blood sugar levels and hemoglobin A1c values to diagnose type 1 and type 2 diabetes as well as prediabetes. These tests may last 1 to 3 hours on average.

According to Healthline, a two-hour, 75-gram oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) is used to test for diabetes. A healthcare provider will take a fasting lab draw of blood to test your fasting glucose level first. They’ll then ask you to drink 8 ounces of a syrupy glucose solution that contains 75 grams of sugar.

You’ll then wait in the office for two hours. The healthcare provider will draw blood at the one- and two-hour marks.

Blood glucose, or sugar, is sugar that is in your blood (easy enough!). It comes from the food that you eat — foods that contain carbohydrate, such as bread, pasta and fruit are the main contributors to blood glucose. The cells in our bodies need glucose for energy — and we all need energy to move, think, learn and breathe. The brain, which is the command center, uses about half of all the energy from glucose in the body. When we eat food, the pancreas (an organ that sits between the stomach and the spine) goes to work, releasing enzymes that help to break down food and hormones that help the body handle the influx of glucose. One of these hormones is insulin, and it plays a key role in managing glucose levels in the blood.

The lifestyle changes are exercises and reducing carbohydrate consumption throughput the day.

There are supplements that may be good alternatives to Metformin use:

Chromium is an essential trace mineral that helps the hormone insulin to function at its full potential. Nicotinate and picolinate are two forms of chromium. … Additionally, in a direct comparison against chromium nicotinate, the picolinate source was less effective in supporting the action of insulin.

Cinnamon may help lower blood sugar and fight diabetes by imitating the effects of insulin and increasing glucose transport into cells ( 6 ). It can also help lower blood sugar by increasing insulin sensitivity, making insulin more efficient at moving glucose into cells.

Vanadium compounds are potent in controlling elevated blood glucose levels in experimentally induced diabetes. However the toxicity associated with vanadium limits its role as therapeutic agent for diabetic treatment.

Bitter melon is linked to lowering the body’s blood sugar. This is because the bitter melon has properties that act like insulin, which helps bring glucose into the cells for energy.

Of course neither of these supplements haven’t received FDA approval to support or deny their claims. Most evidence is derived from small studies in Europe and Asia.

Sunergetic Blood Sugar Support has all the above and more. It helps me keep my A1C scores within normal range. But this claim is by no means scientific.

Large overdoses of metformin can lead to lactic acidosis as well. Suicide with metformin is rare. Intake of 35 g of metformin has been shown to be lethal. Severe liver problems could lead to a buildup of lactic acid. Lactic acid buildup raises your risk of lactic acidosis. Metformin also raises your risk, so taking it if you have liver problems is dangerous.

Because supplements have little supporting research, no figures were established. Properly dosing supplements requires a good licensed nutritionist. It will help recommend dosage to avoid side effects. Doctors, in USA, are not trained with nutritional avenues of alternate medicine. So it’s Metformin or 2 or 3 others on the prescription market.

Dietary restrictions are one way to help get Hemoglobin A1C levels down. You’re better off consulting a nutritionist. They work with your doctors. Philosophy is different. Doctors approach is what you can’t eat. A nutritionist focuses on what you can eat. How and when.

There’s a good 4-letter word for a diet that literally knocks out all those carbs that drives your pancreas crazy if you’re diabetic 2. The word is Keto. According to keto proponents, by slashing the carbs you consume and instead filling up on fats, you safely enter a state of ketosis. That’s when the body breaks down both dietary and stored body fat into substances called ketones. Your fat-burning system now relies mainly on fat – instead of sugar – for energy.

Proponents claim a keto diet is great for weight loss. Can it reduce diabetes 2 symptoms? The ketogenic diet, according to Healthline, has the potential to decrease blood glucose levels. Managing carbohydrate intake is often recommended for people with type 2 diabetes because carbohydrates turn to sugar and, in large quantities, can cause blood sugar spikes. f you already have high blood glucose, eating too many carbs can be dangerous. By switching the focus to fat, some people experience reduced blood sugar. But fat is also a source of triglyceride. Here again, a nutritionist might be helpful.

One problem with keto are ketones. Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious complication of diabetes that occurs when your body produces high levels of blood acids called ketones. Theu can be tested with a urine test. When levels get too high, you can develop DKA. DKA may happen to anyone with diabetes, though it is rare in people with type 2. Treatment for DKA usually takes place in the hospital.

Discovering you are pre-diabetic or have diabetes 2 is scary. Is it as scary as doing an hour of cardio-exercise four times a week?

The alternative is to just take Metformin and don’t be frightened until you lose peripheral body parts and lose vision. Yes, that is the long term problems with Diabetes 2.

Your main job is to get your Hemoglobin levels back to safe levels and keep them there. Keep all sugar levels in normal range. Then you’re out of the fear zone. The path is ominous and dark. But you’ve many to co-miserate with. Connect with a diabetes support group and share your experiences. Make friends but don’t go out to dinner. lol

I believe in a holistic attack on diseases. Diabetes 2 is one of them. Diabetes 2 influences your life and your emotions about your life. Change your lifestyle and diet choices. You may soon be clinically diabetes 2 free.

Nurdles are an apocalyptic science fiction but true

Norma sat comfortably but anxious as the Uber drove from the airport to her beachfront community in Siesta Key. She felt warm, though the car seemed to be blasting cool air. She took a issue from her plastic pack of tissues and wiped a tear just beneath her right eye.

It’s been almost a year since Charlie died. She and Charlie were married over 40 years in a coastal town in Maine. When their kids moved, She and C (as she called him) bought the condo off the coast of the Gulf of Mexico. This is the first time Norma snowbirded alone, a little early for the season. She felt she couldn’t bear the cold another year without C.

It’s a long trip from the Tampa airport. She pulled a plastic bag from her carry bag. She tried to get an organic roll. She was frustrated trying to remove its plastic Stay-Fresh package but her stubbornness and hunger aided her.

Norma disliked plastic. But she realized how much plastic was reality. She enjoyed non-stick pans and used plastic utensils. Her phone, tablet, and computer are plastic. Not to mention her travel bags, and some of her clothes. My, plastics were all around!

She and C respected proper disposal of plastic products. Their children were both conservationists, as scientists for studying climate change. “But”, Norma said to herself, “So many people don’t recognize that we need to balance benefits and act responsibly with consequences.” She placed the emptied package into her carry bag.

It was mid-morning as the sun peered through her windows. “From 25 to 80”, she smiled. Norma was dressed and ready for the beach.

“Odd,” she thought as she approached the sandy area. “there’s nobody around”. The sand beneath her feet wasn’t fine and flat. It felt coarse, as if walking on salt. She thought that there might be a maintenance issue. She never reads her e-mail memos.

Time for a short dip. She walked into the water. Although the water was warm, she screamed. When she came ashore, Norma was bleeding and bruised.

Was it a sea creature? A baby shark? A monster from the deep? An alien?

Actually, it was more ominous and dark. It was of this planet and they seemed to be everywhere. They are man-made creatures called Nurdles.

Nurdles are small plastic pellets about the size of a lentil. Countless billion are used each year to make nearly all our plastic products but many end up washing up on our shores. A nurdle is a pre-production plastic pellet.

Plastic resin pellet pollution is a type of marine debris originating from plastic particles utilized in manufacturing large-scale plastics. Commonly referred to as nurdles, these plastics are released into the open environment, creating pollution in the oceans and on beaches. These are manufactured at factories near large bodies of water. In the USA and in other manufacturing countries.

Nurdles the pre-production building blocks for nearly all plastic goods, from soft drink bottles to oil pipelines. Nurdles are bought in bulk for melting, molding, extruding for millions of products used world-wide. Plastics originating as nurdles are in your car, in rails, boats and jets. They may be disguised as metallic or wood. When you touch them, they are plastic.

The Earth Day statisticians state: More than 480 billion plastic bottles were sold worldwide in 2016. That is up from about 300 billion only a decade ago. About one trillion single-use plastic bags are used annually across the globe. That’s nearly 2 million every minute. The amount of bubble wrap used around the world may be wrapped around the equator 10 times. All these and more may owe their origins to nurdles.

Researchers say nurdles weigh an average of approximately 20 milligrams each, and may be found virtually everywhere. It is estimated that more than 250,000 tons enter the ocean annually. If marine life ingest nurdles, they may be endangered. Research shows that nurdles can absorb chemicals like DDT, a now widely banned insecticide; PCBs, a group of manmade industrial chemicals; and mercury.

A report commissioned by Fidra in 2016 estimates that up to 53 billion nurdles may be spilled each year from land-based sources in the UK alone. That’s equivalent to losing up to 88 million plastic bottles to sea over the course of a year.

At the small-end of nurdles infestation is pollution can also lead to significant economic losses, for example through losses in revenue from tourism and the cost of beach cleaning.

So what’s the source of nurdle pollution?

In consideration that nurdles are pre-production synthetic cells that make up most plastic products, pre-production plastic factories are the main source.

A plastic pellet is manufactured. A catalyst is combined with ethylene or propylene in a reactor, resulting in “fluff,” a powdered material (polymer) resembling laundry detergent. After that the polymer is fed to an extruder where it is melted. Melted plastic is cooled then fed to a pelletizer that cuts the product into small pellets. Pellets are shipped to customers. But as a byproduct of manufacturing, pellets make their way to waterways near factories.

Nurdles that become lost during transit or manufacturing are also an environmental hazard. In the ocean and along coastal waterways, they absorb toxic chemicals and are often mistaken for food by animals. At an average size of a 2mm ball these may be mistaken for food.

According to Business Insider, In 2018, thousands of pounds of nurdles wound up in a stream in Pennsylvania after a semi-truck that was carrying them crashed along a highway. The following year, piles of nurdles washed up on Sullivan’s Island beach near Charleston, South Carolina. The state’s Department of Health and Environmental Control later attributed the pollution to a spill from a local shipping company.

Finding actual sources are difficult. There are a few in and near Texas’ gulf coast. Thes pre-production plastic factories provide employment to depressed communities. Generally, pre-production plastic manufacturers have an unaccountable worldwide network.

Much like Earth Day is the annual Global Nurdle Hunt. The Great Global Nurdle Hunt is an annual event (first run in 2019) which aims to build upon the worldwide engagement around the issue of nurdles and support calls for effective mitigating action at industry and government levels. It is scheduled for March 13 – 22 in 2020. The Nurdle Hunt collects data and advocates solutions, albeit mostly focused towards increasing personal responsibility. Nurdle Hint has no legislative authority.

Climate change has some very precarious resources from volcanic vents to nurdle pollution. These will definitely impact the planet in 2050 and prevention requires serious, stern, and authoritative accountability so humans can survive many centuries. At this point, Nurdle Pollution and unacceptability to legislation is as serious as nuclear war.

As far as Norma’s beach incident, she’s fine. Fortunately, the community has a filtered swimming pool. Common charges will increase as staff places netting to prevent further nurdle pollution to accumulate. Sand will be replaced. Yes, new labor for a disconcerting future. Norma is happier.