FDA approves first prescription ADHD game

Attention Deficit Hyper-activity Disorder or ADHD is a parent’s worst nightmare as children enter school ages. The FDA just approved the first prescription video game — it’s for kids with ADHD. This is a totally new treatment method for use with or without current medicines.

The game was built by Boston-based Akili Interactive Labs suggests evidence that it may improve attention function. Called Endeavor/Rx, requires a prescription and is designed for children ages 8 to 12 with certain symptoms of ADHD. It’s the first time the FDA has cleared a digital therapy for improving ADHD symptoms, and the first time the agency has ever authorized marketing of a game-based therapy for any condition.

During game development and research it was called Project EVO, and earned awards as a combination of a daily planner and intelligent mobile app. The system is personalized to YOU and specifically designed around how your Brain Type™ naturally works so you can achieve more flow and thrive.

As part of the Sensory Neurodevelopment & Autism Program, Endeavor/Rx demonstrated success with ADHD subjects. Experimental conclusions observed: “In the randomized, controlled trial of 348 children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD, AKL-T01 showed a statistically significant improvement compared to an active control (p=0.006) on the predefined primary endpoint, a change in the Attention Performance Index (API), a composite score from the Test of Variables of Attention (T.O.V.A.®). The T.O.V.A.® is an objective measure of sustained attention and inhibitory control. AKL-T01 was shown to be safe in this study, with no serious adverse events observed.”

The Project Evo game requires children to multi-task by switching between a memory-based task and a visuomotor task. The first requires players to tap the screen to choose a target from a few options, for example, a blue fish as the target with red and yellow fish as distractions, according to the paper. The second task consists of steering a hovercraft along a river. The game’s difficulty increases as the child progresses.

While I normally suspect reliability of studies with 348 people, Endeavor/Rx did get approval from the FDA as a valid treatment for ADHD with Autism. Will health insurance pay for it? You may find a very good guide to Evolution/Rx foundation on Amazon online.

Medical drugs and alchemy supplements may help ADHD quickly but side-effects may be more dangerous than what you want to treat. Consult nutritionists.

We live in an APP happy world and “smart” digital therapy tech is very available. Our bodies are magicians and have innate properties for healing. Evolution/Rx may be a game, a first of many, to help conquer many ADHD symptoms toward a better future lifestyle for those with ADHD diagnoses and parents.

Owning your own slavery lifestyle

Slavery exists since humans traveled as packs or tribes with leaders and followers, sharing gods and beliefs. Tribes would fight other tribes. The conquerors used the conquered as resources, as slaves to do what others didn’t want to do. Slaves were labeled by different languages and cultures. Slavery was a worldwide institution, even in Africa where Black tribe conquered other Black tribes. Black masters, Black slaves. Slaves were oppressed, bartered and sold as currency to do what others didn’t. Early discoverers of the America used Native Americans as slave laborers. Christianity (Catholicism) and Spanish replaced original languages and cultures. Black slaves were also bought from Black masters and imported to the Americas, both North and South America. Coffee was traded from Brazil and Colombia and many slaves were used. Slavery isn’t noble, it’s an oppressive state of being And by the 19th century grew out of favor in Western Civilization.

But South USA was cowered by the North after the Civil War. Legislatively, the new reality was np more slavery. Being Black and being White was not seen equally and skin color did not erase racial bigotry. It took another century to desegregate Blacks into USA culture and opportunity, despite southern white reluctance. Over 150 years have passed since the Emancipation Proclamation. Skin color remains the big divide. Black Americans should no longer be perceived as Black Americans. They should be Americans, free and equal. Yet…anger, stereotype, and discrimination still flow albeit in smaller creeks. The divided mindset has been institutionalized on both sides and equality of black and white are omitted from the tossed salad we call USA. Or is it deeper?

No institution is perfect. There are always rotten apples and rotten ideas. The world protests against mistreatment by police have become a revolution. Imprisoning populations during a coronavirus threat and the death of an American Black man set fire to a revolution to defund the police departments. Rotten apples and rotten conceptions about the police are now under the microscope. There is a new 21st century idea that police science and practice must be the new slavery in a modern post-colonial society. When colonialism exists, some slavery follows. But who are the slaves when attempts are made to revise decrepit systems? Freedom and liberty don’t come from violence. Or does it?

These protests aren’t just after bad police but that Black Lives Matter. I have always believed (and still do) that all lives matter. From media reporting, there seems to be an umbrella over poor Black American communities that Black slavery hovers in the minds of Black Americans. It’s about 8 generations since the Emancipation Proclamation was added to our Constitution. It’s It’s almost 55 years since Equal Opportunity and Desegregate legislation was passed. Martin Luther King’s dreams have been realized and surpassed in recent decades. Black Americans are integral in all matters of life and economics. Black Lives Matter isn’t a question. We may not be holding hands in harmony singing about a soda beverage but we are equal friends, partners, associates. That’s not slavery. What happened with George Floyd was police incompetence and disrespect. All life matters and living should be distinct and respected. Lives to breathe and seek happiness and justice must be respected. The images and sounds could have happened to anyone. Black Americans are no longer slaves. All life and lifestyles matter.

Racial slavery, discrimination, gender, and bias are not new concepts in history. As far back as 6800 B.C. The world’s first city-state emerges in Mesopotamia. Land ownership and the early stages of technology bring war—in which enemies are captured and forced to work: slavery.

In the USA, having or not having slavery became a Black and White conflict. In Africa, where most owners and slaves were black, lineage incorporation was the primary purpose of slavery, and in most societies slaves were allowed to participate in many aspects of social life. The most basic purpose of slavery is to rid oneself of work and force the hideous labor upon someone else. Since the time of our more primitive era, societies have taken slaves from war and conquest, and forced them to do their workaday tasks. Slavery was a societal class. Many eastern cultures had class-systems and slavery was a class in Hindu and others.

Slavery was, in many cultures, a class that was often protected by codes and rules. The book of Exodus in the Old Testament of the Bible contains the story of freeing the Hebrew slaves from bondage in Egypt. Post slavery, after the 10 commandments were delivered for all followers, ethics and laws were indicated about treatments and choices of those enslaved. by the Hebrews or nearby cultures. This is an irony found in the Bible several times. Former Hebrew slaves, made to work for 400 years had servants and slaves. They were protected classes. Rules and ethics were revised in Leviticus and Deuteronomy.

Africans organized their societies around the family unit, and gold supply often dictated which society held the most power—until the start of the Atlantic slave trade. Africans engaged in tribal warfare among hundreds of tribes. The winners possessed power. The conquered likely ended up in some type of slavery. Since the 1400’s, colonizing the new Americas made slavery an economic power.

The beginning of the Atlantic slave trade in the late 1400s disrupted African societal structure as Europeans infiltrated the West African coastline, drawing people from the center of the continent to be sold into slavery. Those sold were usually slaves that resulted from earlier African tribal conflicts. New sugar and tobacco plantations in the Americas and Caribbean heightened the demand for enslaved people, ultimately forcing a total of 12.5 million Africans across the Atlantic and into slavery. Spain, Denmark, Britain, France first used Native Americans as slave labor. Trading resources were the roots of global economy. At the time, the Americas were what China is today. Think about the Atlantic and Pacific tea company.

In what eventually became the USA, slavery was a societal class. South USA were importing slaves from Africa and other areas. No northern or middle colony was without its slaves. From Puritan Massachusetts to Quaker Pennsylvania, Africans lived in bondage. Economics and geography did not promote the need for slave importation like the plantation South. Consequently, the slave population remained small compared to their southern neighbors. Yet southern USA developed the most crude type of slavery. Chattel slavery is the most common form of slavery known to Americans. This system, which allowed people — considered legal property — to be bought, sold and owned forever, was supported by the US and European powers in the 16th – 18th centuries. This is why a slave was considered 4/5 of a human. This was neutralized tn the Emancipation Proclamation and later revised with equal opportunity laws.

There were and are many definitions and types of slavery tha have been lawfully eliminated over the past 200 years. Sadly, among many cultures slavery exists as:
Sex Trafficking. The manipulation, coercion, or control of an adult engaging in a commercial sex act. …
Child Sex Trafficking. …
Forced Labor. …
Forced Child Labor. …
Bonded Labor or Debt Bondage. …
Domestic Servitude. …
Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Child Soldier

These forms of slavery have been abolished by USA and many western nations but they do exist. Some are slavery entrapped to pay for immigration costs. Many countries use children for labor and soldiering. In the USA, child labor extended from orphanages in cities to do farming in rural areas. As late as 1988, the most sweeping federal law that restricts the employment and abuse of child workers is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Significance separates minors from adults. Minors 14 to 15 years of age may work up to 3 hours on a school day, 8 hours on a nonschool day, and 18 hours in a week, between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. when school is in session, until 9 p.m. from June 1st through Labor Day, and as many as 40 hours per week when school is out.

While certain counties, especially Southern, used police for slave patrols, these were abolished by early 20th-century.

Rudolph Giuliani was one of the urban mayors that consolidated transit, traffic, corrections, and truancy police into one giant department. At the time President Bill Clinton spoke for more police patrols. Rushed training made on-job-training with lack of people contact resulted in more conflicts and racial profiling, even though many patrols were Black and Latino.

Under Mayor Bloomberg, working with consolidated police force. adopted Stop and Frisk practices that were used in other cities. At the height of stop-and-frisk in 2011 under the Bloomberg administration, over 685,000 people were stopped. Nearly 9 out of 10 stopped-and-frisked New Yorkers have been completely innocent. According to the NYPD’s Annual Reports: In 2019, 13,459 stops were recorded. Biased racial profiling put the brakes on that program.

Those were heinous policies that evoked criticism from Black American communities. None were the size of the protests after the George Floyd tragedy.

Black Lives Matter as do all in the USA tossed salad of infinite shades, cultures, languages, genders, and lifestyles. For over 150 years, slavery was abolished constitutionally in the USA.

Agreed…more people are forgetting the mantra of the Statue of Liberty:
“Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!

Yet I respect these words by President Abraham Lincoln As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy.

Racism should not be debatable in USA today. All of us should be above that. But…we are imperfect and forgetful that the USA fought hard to be liberated from foreign colonialists.

We must cast aside the chains and thoughts of slavery. We should empirically investigate justice. We must monitor actions. We must no longer own slavery or the slavery ideas we choose to own. Black lives matter but all lives, from the poorest, must take the opportunities to educate ourselves and our children that there are more ethical ways to live.

The paths carved for freedom need to be examined and traditions need to be remembered and updated for an ever-changing society. Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome, was once said by Booker T. Washington. Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) was born into slavery and rose to become a leading African American intellectual of the 19 century, founding Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (Now Tuskegee University) in 1881 and the National Negro Business League two decades later. Washington advised Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft. His infamous conflicts with black leaders like W. E. B. Du Bois over segregation caused a stir, but today, he is remembered as the most influential African American speaker of his time.

There are concepts and realities that have changed drastically over the past 100 years. The police need better training that all lives matter. At the same time, any people violating laws should be wary that they’ll be caught. You need police to control speeding cars, handle emergencies, and confront those that deny your own personal rights. Black lives will really matter more if police and social services are funded as a cooperative in areas where Blacks feel left out. It takes money, it requires understanding, it requires motivation.

An estimated 26,730 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes through September 30, making the third quarter of 2019 the eighth consecutive year-to-year quarterly decline in fatalities since the fourth quarter of 2017. Police have been involved with investigating and ticketing compulsive speeders. There are so many things that show police concern. According to Wisconsin Public Radio, from 2013 to 2018, the motor vehicle crash fatality rate for black Wisconsinites more than doubled, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, 31 African Americans died from motor vehicle deaths. The worst year was in 2017, when 79 African Americans died, according to the CDC data used in the report.

Since George Floyd there have been incidents where police have been shot. Their lives matter too. The Southern Poverty Law Center is a large non-profit organization that helps the poor get better justice. The SPLC is the premier U.S. non-profit organization monitoring the activities of domestic hate groups and other extremists – including the Ku Klux Klan, the neo-Nazi movement, neo-Confederates, racist skinheads, black separatists, antigovernment militias, Christian Identity adherents and others. They are currently tracking more than 1,600 extremist groups operating across the country. They publish investigative reports, train law enforcement officers and share key intelligence, and offer expert analysis to the media and public.

With no police, we breed anarchy…and that is no answer. Blacks, Latinos and others must join in conversations and meetings to attack the hatred that breeds in this country against skin color or language or gender. We all need training to follow-through on this country we share. Racism must stop and we all need training.

The violence and fear emanating from these protests reveal the best and worst of us. All lives matter. Until we truly believe that, resolutions won’t happen. Many of the protesters from the 60’s, gave in to the system by the 70’s. Who remembers Jerry Rubin?

Rather than breaking chains of slavery, we must dissolve them for a fairer future. We must work to heal our selves from hatred, jealousy, and viruses. That’s where action must focus.

Slavery, black or otherwise, and the racism that go along with it are bad. After 6,000-plus years of slavery as an institution, there are no easy equalizers. Protesters want it now. Making life matter to and for all is a process. It’ll take time. Police are necessary. Discussion groups involving parents, children, officials, all people and races need to be part of an active lifestyle extending over many generations.

To covid and George Floyd Happy 2020 to the victims and us

Charles Dickens wrote in Tale of Two Cities, it was the best of times and the worst of times. 2020 began with celebrations, wishes, and goals to take everyday normality to happier, healthier levels. Then came the restrictions and challenges of the coronavirus pandemic. Then came the unreasonable,vicious arrest of George Floyd and the riots that followed. Those were, hopefully the worst times of 2020. Lives matter and we have hopes that, finally, 2020 will deliver better times.

Data from the 1981 national victimization survey reveal that more whites are victimized by whites (77 percent) than by blacks (17.1 percent), and more blacks are victimized by blacks (77 percent) than by whites (14.4 percent), as noted by National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Although violent crime by white offenders is apparently strongly intraracial, in that 96.9 percent of the white offenders chose white victims, violent crime by black offenders is apparently predominantly interracial, with 55.2 percent of the black offenders choosing white victims. Black offenders chose white victims in 63.9 percent of robberies, 51.8 percent of assaults, and 58.6 percent of rapes. In contrast, white offenders chose black victims in 8.3 percent of robberies, 2.7 percent of assaults, and 5.5 percent of rapes. These percentages suggest that each of the three violent crimes is strongly intraracial for white offenders but predominantly interracial for black offenders. This finding suggests that the motives behind black assault and rape are different than the motives behind white assault and rape. Reasons why the partially interracial character of violent crime has not been addressed are suggested.

The George Floyd incident was interracial – 4 white and armed police officers using extreme force in killing a black man. Was the motivational force necessary? The officers were arrested. George Floyd was not given his rights to a trial. Instead, he lies in a coffin as his family and peers grieve.

There were protests around the USA. Several were violent. Many attacked police officers, as the group at fault. True, about 77.1% of Police officers are White, making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 13.3% of Police officers, Black is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. Accortding to thje New York City Police Department, 53% (11,717) are black, Latino (of any race), or Asian or Asian-American. 47% (10,482) were non-Hispanic white. In New York City, Los Angeles and other large urban areas, there are more non-whites that become police officers. Sadly, that does not level for the rest of USA. Generalizing that this was white against black issue is simply wrong. It was 4 white cops torturing and slaughtering a black.

The vast majority of most crimes are committed by a person of the same race as the victim, Bureau of Justice Statistics reports. Intraracial crime is a dominant trend. Unfortunately, white supremacy continues to exist despite laws of equal opportunity. White supremacists frequently like to manipulate crime statistics in order to claim that nonwhite minorities, particularly African-Americans, are far more crime-prone and the source of most violent crime against whites. Statistically, it’s a false assertion. Call it fake news that is marketed well.

As far as looting among protesters, most police sources indicate that looters account for a small percentage of protesters, according to an article in Atlantic magazine. Is it letting anger release? For the most part, looters target neighborhood shops struggling already under restrictions from the COVID-19 pandemic. These looters are as reprehensible as the cops who used choke-holds to down George Floyd. When it comes to looting stores, many lives matter from owners to employed staff and to consumers.

As offensive as the cops were at the torturing arrest that led to the death og George Floyd, George Floyd was no angel either. According to records, Floyd had landed five years behind bars in 2009 for an assault and robbery two years earlier, and before that, had been convicted of charges ranging from theft with a firearm to drugs. Floyd was also linked to two convictions in the 1990s for possession and theft of a controlled substance (cocaine). Minneapolis has since banned choke-holds that led to the coronary that killed George Floyd. According to NPR, Floyd also tested positive for coronavirus-19, from Minneapolis Medical Examiner autopsy report. Yes, lives matter and so far 2020 has been anything but happy.

It is wonderful that Americans have the right and freedom to assemble. Under COVID restrictions, assembly has been denied over infectious fear. Even houses of worship have been shuttered. Wide spread protests are erupting on streets where blacks, whites, all genders and faiths exclaim the death of George Floyd and the racial divides of white cops policing a black community. Of course the streets are the only area to protest. All other places are closed other than social media. These divides exist in all communities in many levels but perspectives are often mired by different perspectives. The George Floyd incident of 2020 is focusing on the tree instead of the trees and all lives matter.

Comedian Bill Cosby was asked by the NAACP to speak in 2004 about the states of the black community. Many don’t know Cosby was educated with a doctorate in Education. His Pound Cake Speech sent tinglers of controversy of a divide in the black communities.
Here’s an excerpt:

But these people, the ones up here in the balcony fought so hard. Looking at the incarcerated, these are not political criminals. These are people going around stealing Coca-Cola. People getting shot in the back of the head over a piece of pound cake! And then we all run out and are outraged, ‘The cops shouldn’t have shot him.’ What the hell was he doing with the pound cake in his hand? I wanted a piece of pound cake just as bad as anybody else, and I looked at it and I had no money. And something called parenting said, ‘If you get caught with it you’re going to embarrass your mother.’ Not ‘You’re going to get your butt kicked.’ No. ‘You’re going to embarrass your family.’

Among the responses to the Pound Cake Speech as how the black middle-class had become out-of-touch with the Black Community. Cosby emphasized personal responsibility, or the lack of it. In his book, Michael Eric Dyson describes Cosby’s remarks as a vicious attack on the most vulnerable among the Black Community.

The sad divides include economies as well as race. Yet USA is chock full of opportunities for all. More Blacks are in the middle classes. Barack Obama was a 2-term USA President. Whether intracranial or interracial, some divides vanish. Vestiges of old thinking remain. Education and responsible choices are(somewhat) free. Police have been put on notice throughout the country. Two pandemics hit us in 2020. We must choose our lifestyles and follow through. George Floyd will be a symbol but now our health and reasoning must be elevated toward optimizing a higher level of consciousness.

Protests and looting do not support social distancing, as is generally recommended as one of the filters to reduce coronavirus-19 spread. After a couple months of quarantine and panic, coronavirus spread concerns frustrated many. The heinous events that led to George Floyd’s death seems to be seen as a valid way to break-out of coronavirus restrictions. Coronavirus made the USA lifestyle come to a screeching halt mid-March 2020. Lives do matter and happy new year has become a grim new year on all levels.

The virus dubbed Coronavirus-19 shows that many lives matter, claiming over 400,000 lives globally, according to Johns Hopkins research. Coronavirus-19 deaths are identified using a new ICD–10 code. When COVID-19 is reported as a cause of death – or when it is listed as a “probable” or “presumed” cause — the death is coded as U07.1. This can include cases with or without laboratory confirmation. Of course this skews statistics. Some people, ages over 60, could have had other respiratory illnesses but, with this convenient classification, most of those deaths occurred because the viral flu resulted in destroying defenses. Over 6 million tested positive but survive. All these numbers represent lives that matter.

Every life matters and every human life, regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, and belief matter. So far, many of us in 2020 felt like victims. This half of 2020 demonstrates that with filters and restrictions we will meander and forge toward eliminating this virus, memorialize George Floyd, and live healthfully for the remainder of 2020. Happy new year! Be calm and responsible. Normalize your lifestyle and reduce stress. In the best and worse times, every person has the right to add new blessings to humanity’s future.