Time restricted eating and Intermittent fasting diets

It isn’t what you eat. It’s when you eat. Meet newer wisdom that may be or not be true.

Research indicates that Time Restricted Eating is a better, healthier way of curbing obesity and weight management. This mouse study shows some really interesting results from its strict controlled environment. Can humans follow it?


Humans do not live in a research lab.

The research went like this:
A mouse allowed to eat 24 hours a day (left) had much higher levels of liver fat (white) than one that consumed the same high-fat diet within an 8-hour daily feeding window (right). Mice that eat only during certain hours avoid obesity and related health problems—even on a high-fat diet.

According to the researchers of this study, While we eat, the body stores fat, which adds weight and puts stress on the liver, and produces glucose, which elevates blood sugar levels—a sign of diabetes. In contrast, evidence suggests that when we stop eating for several hours, the liver stops releasing glucose into the blood, and instead uses it to repair cellular damage. It also releases enzymes that break down cholesterol into acids, which in turn help break down brown fat—a “good” fat that converts calories into heat.

The researchers also add some caution — It’s not yet clear whether there’s a minimum fasting time for the metabolic benefits to kick in at all, or whether they simply work better the longer the fasting time. The researchers also caution that the study shouldn’t motivate anyone to adjust their eating schedule and then completely ignore the fat content of their diet. They also add that there is no evidence that mouse results would be applicable to humans.

Barring some diseases and more sedentary behaviors, obesity. Pictures from our past show many people that would be called obese today. In the past, your ancestors struggled with food scarcity; whereas, today, Americans enjoy an overabundance of available food sources.

Our ancestors had no refrigeration so they ate as needed. Mostly agrarian, they were proficient at storing carbohydrate grains through harsh winters.These ancestors faced difficult lives with long, strenuous, routine labors. Today, office work is more common and computing devices replaced more manual labor.

Early philosophers observed obesity and possible effects. Hippocrates wrote that “Corpulence is not only a disease itself, but the harbinger of others”. As therapy, time restricted eating has few long-term results indicating a considered lifestyle choice. Yet, those willing to try and lose 50 or more pounds find media news about time restricted eating or intermittent fasting attractive.

Gluconeogenesis is a trick that favors low-carb dieting. Time restricted eating, ketogenic, and Intermittent fasting diets postulate that restricting carbohydrates will result in the body creating its own glucose, if you restrict sugars and starch from your body. No sugars mean the body cojnverts body fat into energy. Weight loss is the gain. Simple. Yet the process may also produce some harmful effects down the line. Going too extreme can create stress to your normal functions and cortisol is the end product of managing stress.

The cortisol/glucogenesis relationship is a hormonal process and high levels of cortisol can make any of these low-carb dieters consider other options. Cortisol is an end-product of Adrenalin, secreted by adrenal glands, and is considered one of the key ways that our body responds to stress as fight or flight. Cortisol, the primary stress hormone, increases sugars (glucose) in the bloodstream, enhances your brain’s use of glucose and increases the availability of substances that repair tissues. The reaction is supposed to be brief as cortisol washes away after a stressful incident. When cortisol remains for too long it may be possible to develop HPA Syndrome or adrenal fatigue.

The problems associated with chronically elevated cortisol levels include:
Suppressed immunity.
Hypertension.
High blood sugar (hyperglycemia)
Insulin resistance.
Carbohydrate cravings.
Metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.
Fat deposits on the face, neck, and belly.
Reduced libido.

Reducing cortisol to a healthy balance requires managing body stress. That takes a chronic approach. Cortisol is made by your adrenal glands, two small glands that sit on top of your kidneys. As a critical end-product in stress management, cortisol plays a key role in other functions, including how your body breaks down carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. Ketogenic diets believe that if no carbohydrates are present, the liver and kidneys will generate simple-carbs for what the body requires, including the brain. It then metabolizes lipids (fats) and proteins that promote weight loss. While there are tests for cortisol levels, any of these fad diets require scrutiny in the long run.

Cortisol is one of the byproducts among the mechanisms used as natural body protectors in stressful situations. Other hormones are from the pituitary gland that releases corticotropin releasing hormone, or CRH. This hormone acts as a catalyst to create corticosteroids – one of which is cortisol.

This network of natural responses deal with maintaining homeostasis (balance) within the body. Trying to adapt time restricted eating and intermittent fasting diets are habits that run against normal balance. They can be very stressful. Habituation to these diets can be extremely difficult.

In addition, living requires homeostasis — body balance. For some, skipping meals and severely limiting calories can be dangerous. People with certain conditions, such as diabetes, coronary diseases, hypertension, and others associated with chronic obesity may be prone to electrolyte abnormalities from fasting. Some may be dietary while others may be side-effects from medicines you are taking.

A recent article posted association with inflammatory dieting with the incidence of cancer in men.

When it comes to managing weight, time restricted eating and intermittent fasting diets require serious (if not religious) thought. Can you follow these prerequisites and conditions for both weight loss and health maintenance?

The major research on time restricted eating is at the mouse level. Harvard University indicates research on intermittent fasting has been small. One of the not-so-alarming results was a very high dropout rate (38%) in the intermittent fasting group.

While time restricted eating and intermittent fasting diets are in vogue, there is confusion of what foods can be eaten when you can eat. Ads show higher caloric, carb-rich foods, and bad fat foods. That really doesn’t work.

That Hippocrates was mentioning the complex nature of corpulence around 2500 years ago, is a worthy observation that indicates obesity as a significant reality in human history. The low-carbohydrate, high fat diet was developed by William Banting in the 19th century. It was anecdotal as he was the only subject of his original study. He was the first person to do it. It’s been made popular by Professor Tim Noakes in his book The Real Meal Revolution. The idea is that this way of eating makes your body switch from burning carbs for energy to burning fat. Later, Atkins and others wrote books supporting this approach.

From appearance to wellness, diets reign as top in the self-help books and articles. Weight gain and slower metabolism is normal with age. Fashion and health guidelines determine obesity leveling. The main caveat, your body tries to keep an inner balance. Your body is happy being fat and doesn’t consider the possible illnesses that may be attributed to that condition.

Both intermittent fasting and time restricted eating are throwing blows to the generally acceptable calorie restriction diets. Advocates of intermittent fasting and restricted eating claim that, following either, will improve biorhythms and sleep. Yet more people are concerned about their fasting schedules. How will it affect my work, my leisure, and all my other activities. There can be social problems as to whether you can eat dinner out. Unlike our ancestors that ate 2 meals per day – morning and evening – our day spans 24-hours of probable resting and active activity. Does time impact weight gain? Is this a stressor?

The key basis of time restricted eating is that our ancestors followed a circadian rhythm guided by sunrises and sunsets. Once we were able to control light, adjustments were allowed to live differently. Electricity and digital-age change the way we see time. Living 24/7 is probable but is it healthful?

As such, Time restricted eating, Intermittent fasting diets, and any other radical regimen that sweep through the media have to be taken as light jokes. Sensibilities dictate that you really consider whether you can follow these diets in a world where you work, play, and have an abundance of meal and snacking choices. As you age, fat develops and metabolism rates reduce. While responsible eating and exercise matters, how easily can you adapt to any diet?

As time restricted eating and intermittent fasting diets have little research on humans, long-term side-effects aren’t really known. You might lose weight but at what biochemical cost? Will it extend overall wellness? Habits are hard to break but you can learn to tweak them in proper directions.We all make adjustments to new realities with responsibility and care. Overall, we are not mice in a cage. We are people living in modern societies.

Micro-cheating relationship betrayal or polyamory

Nearly all dramas are filled with secret lies and betrayals. They sell books and make movies popular. An Australian psychologist coined a term micro-cheating as any relationship that may be mildly flirtatious or even as sending a romantic emoji or gif to someone online.

Melanie Schilling, an Australian psychologist, claims this type of behavior isn’t as innocent as you may think. It might be akin to emotional betrayal. The term “micro-cheating” is supposed to serve as an umbrella term for all of the little ways both emotionally and/or physically that you can be unfaithful to your partner.

As a psychologist, Schilling also considers herself a dating expert. In her perspective and view micro-cheating is defined as a series of small actions and/or thoughts that indicate a person’s interest or focus outside their prime relationship.

If micro-cheating made it to the Diagnostic Statistic Manual or some social or legal venue, micro-cheating has a list of symptoms:

1. Lying about your relationship status to attractive-looking strangers.

2. ‘Liking’ Instagram photos of attractive people way too often.

3. Casually flirting with colleagues at work.

4. Never refusing anyone who offers to buy you a drink.

5. Keeping regular touch with exes and frequently meeting them for drinks.

6. Making jokes about dating/hooking-up with someone.

In a “me too” era where dozens of influential people lose jobs and status from allegations of forms of negative behavior in work or off-work relationships. These allegations depict a variety of behaviors.

Yet, the media is filled with stories about twisted relationships, affairs, and betrayals. In literature, it goes back a few hundred years. Thousands of years if you include the pld testament of the Bible. That “You shall not commit adultery” managed to make it into the 10 commandments sends hints that relationship cheating and betrayals might have been pervasive problems.

In contrast, there are those that favor polyamory. Polyamory is a philosophy or state of being in love or romantically involved with more than one person at the same time. In a polyamorous relationship each partner kind of knows that one or the other may have other partners with no prime commitments. All partners do this consensually so betrayal is not an issue.

The difficulties that discussing an anecdotal term like micro-cheating is that casual or friendships or acquaintances are now questionable. Maintaining close relationships is often difficult. The courts, jails, and psychotherapy couches are active and filled with effects of disaffection within a relationship.

Spread by the media, and with open-access to social media, micro-cheating is entering jargon and thoughts of a young generation trying to establish roots. It is yet another delicate tight-string to provoke thoughts of cheating and betrayal in otherwise stable, loving relationships.

It is sad that romantic and pure love is meeting needless tensions. As sexuality types of all situations are finding voice and equality, adding micro-cheating as a pseudo-psychology term is just another waste of time and emotion.

I can only think of a Tina Turner lyric:
What’s love got to do, got to do with it
What’s love but a second hand emotion
What’s love got to do, got to do with it
Who needs a heart when a heart can be broken

And the introduction of micro-cheating may make heart breaks easier. Is micro-cheating okay? Will it just be a passing fad?

Dark Mystery of salad dressing

Any new year means new goals to achieve. Many resolutions scatter and fade like dust in a wind. Top of the list, for many, is to shed the gained weight from the previous year(s). The simplest thing might be to cut the cakes and transition to salad. There are many vices that lurk atop and within a salad. Sometimes the key suspects may not be in the salad but in the salad dressing. Exploring and enjoying salads is an adaptation that is easy to adopt as a lifestyle. There are hundreds of salad types, with or without salad dressing, for any season.

According to the 2018 US News World Report Diet list, the Mediterranean Diet is, again, rated #1. This diet incorporates fruits, vegetables, fish and whole grains, and advises a strict limit of limit unhealthy saturated fats. The most prominent salad dressing and food additive is olive oil. Tied with Mediterranean on the list is the DASH diet. Both are easy to do but, of these the better is the Mediterranean Diet.

The quick way to benefit the Mediterranean lifestyle for weight loss is to reduce breads and limit servings of pasta. Breads and pasta are tasty but were perfect if you were active all day, working the fields and vineyards. In a general sedentary lifestyle, reducing those carbohydrates is helped by eating salads and using olive oil as a primary dressing.
Those top-tier fashion models eat servings of salads and snack yogurt as part of their daily regimen. Bread and pasta might be measured by bites instead of servings. That helps them maintain top-tier status, earning demand from advertisers.

Yet, beyond the Mediterranean, salads are a significant part of a meal.

The main complaint about salads in the United States is that they aren’t filling or they don’t taste like anything. That’s because, in the USA, salads consist of lettuces, cucumbers, and tomatoes. Yes, far less appetizing than a hero from Subway or a Pizza shop. Of course, a hero has about 400 calories in bread and around 80 grams of carbohydrates. dry. Salads don’t necessarily require lettuce and can be very filling, satisfying, and nutritious.

In the Mediterranean region, for example, salads are eaten with fish or chunks of cheese and chunks of meat. They also add mushrooms, onions, peppers, and olives. Those salads are meals. Some add ground herbs and a little salt. The dressing? Olive Oil and (sometimes) vinegar. The royalty of vinegar is Balsamic, made from grapes. There are fundamentally no other salad dressings. A flavored salad dressing from a bottle might be for tourists.

Apart from the fact that Olives are plentiful in the Mediterranean region, olive oil is considered a much healthier fat than butter or other fats. Olive oil has one of the highest level of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) of all oils. Olive oil is also a reasonable source of fat-soluble vitamin K and vitamin E, among other micronutrients. A 1 tablespoon serving of olive oil has no cholesterol and:

Calories 120
Total Fat 14 g
Saturated Fat 2.2 g
Polyunsaturated Fat 1.8 g
Monounsaturated Fat 10 g
Trans Fat 0 g
Total Carbohydrates 0 g

While a fat source, monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) are considered extremely healthy by the American Heart Association.

Vinegar has also many supportive but non-scientific substantiated benefits as a partner for olive oil. It contains potassium, which thins mucus; and the acetic acid in it prevents germ growth, which could contribute to nasal congestion. Apple Cider vinegar has been purported to play a role at controlling:

Diabetes. Some preliminary research suggests that consuming vinegar or apple cider vinegar might reduce blood sugar levels after a meal.

Slow digestion (gastroparesis).

Weight loss.

Leg cramps and pain.

Unsettled stomach.

Sore throats.

Sinus problems.

High blood pressure.

Among the Mediterranean region, the somewhat costlier Balsamic vinegar, with its slightly sweet flavor, lends a romance with olive oil to transform any salad from dull to tasty.

Balsamic vinegar contains polyphenols, antioxidants that can protect the body from heart disease and cancer.

Balsamic vinegar also is purported to help support immunity. The grapes that are used to make balsamic vinegar contain antioxidants that may fight against cell damage, improve the body’s immune system and make blood platelets more flexible.

A tablespoon of olive oil and a tablespoon of balsamic vinegar add calories as a salad dressing. Olive oil delivers 120 calories (mostly from healthy MUFA and PUFA) per tablespoon. Balsamic Vinegar adds 14 calories per tablespoon, mostly from natural grape carbohydrates. For an entree salad, 3 or 4 tablespoons are recommended. A USA tablespoon is about a 1/2-ounce. Four tablespoons are 2 ounces. Basically, a 1:1 combination (2 tablespoons each) yields about 268 calories. You can reduce calories by using 1 tablespoon olive oil to 3 tablespoons balsamic vinegar, that would subtract about 100 calories to the salad dressing mix. Usually, after mixing salad contents, much of the liquid remains at the bottom of the bowl.

USA supermarket shelves have at least 6 dozen different salad dressings from about 4 manufacturers, not including small gourmet varieties. Some of these dressings seem healthy and appetizing but aren’t as clear and simple as they seem. Are they healthy or just convenient?

Let’s take Newman’s Organic Balsamic Vinaigrette. It sounds great! Healthy organic blend of balsamic vinegar and olive oil. Then you read the ingredients:

Organic Vegetable Oil (Organic Soybean Oil, Organic Extra Virgin Olive Oil), Organic Balsamic Vinegar, Water, Organic Distilled Vinegar, Organic Cane Sugar, Salt, Contains 2% Or Less Of: Organic Garlic Puree, Organic Spices, Organic Red Bell Pepper*, Organic Onion*, Organic Gum Acacia, Xanthan Gum.
*Dried.

They reveal that Olive Oil is one of many oils and that Balsamic Vinegar is diluted with ordinary distilled vinegar. Now here is the ingredient that is quite confusing. Organic Cane Sugar. In my view, whether it’s processed sugar or raw sugar, it is still sugar. As a principle ingredient, there are no sugar warnings for people on special diets. Why the added sugar?

The answer may be found in the minute amount of actual balsamic vinegar in the Newman dressing mix. True Balsamic Vinegar comes from Modena, Italy. The main ingredient is White Trebbiano grape juice. True balsamic vinegar is made from a reduction of pressed Trebbiano and Lambrusco grapes, not as wine like other vinegar, but as juice through an aging fermentation process. A tablespoon of balsamic vinegar contains 14 calories and zero grams of fat and protein that create a healthy bond as a tasty salad dressing when mixed with olive oil.

There are about 360 calories in a 4 tablespoon salad dressing of Paul Newman’s Balsamic Vinaigrette and an undisclosed amount of MUFA/PUFA distribution. There are about 600mg of salt and 2 grams of sugar. While similar nutritionally to Balsamic and Olive oil mix, Newman’s salad dressing is saltier and spicier.

About Salad Toppings

Using a small base of mixed greens, there are a wide variety of toppings that can make your salad healthier, more flavorful, and filling. Here are a few: When using mixed greens as a base, packaged salads are usually better. These packaged salad greens usually go through a thorough washing process to remove any insects and surface pathogens that may be lodged at the base. I prefer not to use them at all. Make your mix using these:

*Vegetables. Asparagus, Beets, Artichoke hearts, Cucumbers, Peppers, Carrots, Broccoli, Edamame, and Legumes (beans)
*Eggs. Hard-boiled, Poached, Soft-boiled.
*Whole Grains. Couscous, Farro, Quinoa, Barley, Rice, Whole grain pasta serving
*Seeds. Pepitas, Sunflower Seeds, Sesame Seeds
*Nuts. Almonds, Walnuts, Peanuts
*Dried Fruit. Raisins, Cranberries, Chopped figs/dates
+Vegetarian Protein. Tofu, Seitan
*Seafood. Canned (or fresh prepared) Tuna, Salmon, Sardines, Clams, Oysters
*Meat. Cold cuts, Chicken, Beef, Ham
*Cheese. Cheddar, Gouda, Mozzarella, Swiss, Feta, Blue Cheese, Nanchego
*Condiments: Olives, Garlic, Dill, Parsley, Chopped crackers, Croutons

Of course, any additive will add caloric values from carbohydrates or fat to your overall salad mix. Don’t think calories at first. Learn to be filled with salad. In the USA, salad is a learning experience. Food filled salads and hearty salad dressing should help replace snack foods filled with excess carbohydrates.

The general idea is to use salads to provide nutrition, energy, and fullness. Eat salad as much as possible. Beyond recipes I have shown, simplicity could be a 6-ounce can of salmon, a can of beans, some shredded carrots, broccoli, a spoon of grated cheese and edamame. Make an easy salad dressing for flavor and you have a great meal – large enough for snacking it between meals. Salad recipes may be diversified and lettuces aren’t always necessary.

Bottled salad dressing may be a tasty shortcut. Be aware that those flavors may not be what you might think they are. Realize that a balsamic vinaigrette may have very little olive oil and balsamic vinegar. A blue cheese dressing may have little or no blue cheese. An Italian salad dressing may have no resemblance to the salad dressing a typical Italian might eat. When you make your own salad dressing, you know what you are getting.

Plant foods contain thousands of natural chemicals. They may have been naturally designed for its survival and they may have minute properties that might help remove cholesterol, certain body fats, and regulate over all body balnce at cellular and blood levels. Many fruits and vegetables contain phytonutrients. Phytonutrients are not considered nutrients that are essential for life, like carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins and minerals. Among the benefits of phytonutrients are antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. These nutrients have only recently been studied as co-factors that the body needs and dark berries, fruits and vegetables are believed to contain many of these. Phytonutrient index, or PI, refers to the amount of colorful plant pigments and compounds in a food that help prevent disease and promote health. Some of these phytonutrients ma come from different regional soils and environments.

Would cooked fruits, vegetables, and herbs promote or eliminate nutrient or phytonutient properties? Some phytonutrient-rich foods may unleash additional bioactve properties after they have been heated. These include green, leafy vegetables and tomatoes. In salad creation for health, these are healthy options. Cooking some ingredients properly may be healthier.

The US News and World diet report did rate medically-proven ketosis and intermittent-fasting lifestyles at the bottom of their lists. These are radical approaches that virtually eliminate sugars as glucose as glycogen from your diet. The result is that your body uses available body fat. Your liver, brain, and kidneys will create whatever glycogen it needs. You can eat a diet with fat and protein, but almost no sugar. In the USA diet, this takes a great deal of discipline. USA foods highly regard sugars and starches. Going without them is almost as impossible as fighting opioid and nicotine addictions. Maintenance of body ketosis will help you drop body-fat weight rapidly and keep it off.

In considering a Mediterranean diet, Obesity among aging Italians has become a focus of European research as part of an approach to study body weight in the Mediterranean regions. The Mediterranean Diet may not be helping those currently living by the Mediterranean.

Salads are the good thing of the Mediterranean diet lifestyle but, where most people become sedentary consumers instead of active agrarians, this easy diet may not yield tremendous weight reduction results.

Considering all your salad options, keep pasta and grain additions low. Do not eat more than a slice of bread with your salad serving. Use herbs with olive oil and balsamic vinegar for added flavor enhancement.

Weight loss resolutions often die horrible deaths at gyms or at diet centers, if they even realize in the first place.
Winter is a tough time to establish a weight loss regimen with lower levels of light and colder temperatures. The ideas of weight and weight loss may be associated with depressing moods that confound your goals. Because of the multitude of possible salads, following a regimen is easier as you make a transition toward a reasonable goal.

For those of you who are frightened from using lettuce in a salad because of the latest E-Coli association with romaine lettuce, Eat This Not That offers a list of 20 salads you can make easily with health and weight loss in mind. For those seeking an entree-size salad with Mediterranean flare, try this Italian Lentil Salad:

What you need:

1 lb(s) green lentils – canned

2 scallions, chopped

1 cup halved seedless green grapes

1 cup halved seedless red grapes

1 cucumber, peeled, seeded and diced

1 red bell pepper, seeded and diced

½ cup coarsely chopped, skinned and toasted hazelnuts

2 tsp lemon zest (from about 2 lemons)

Vinaigrette
⅓ cup fresh lemon juice (from 1 to 2 lemons)

⅓ cup extra-virgin olive oil

½ tsp kosher salt

¼ tsp freshly ground black pepper

Directtons:
Heat canned lentils and cook or steam, stirring occasionally, about 5 to 10 minutes. Drain and let cool for 5 minutes. Place lentils and remaining salad ingredients in a large salad bowl.

For the salad dressing, I’d recommend this alternative:
Juice 2 fresh lemons
Stir in olive oil (about 1/4-cup)
Add a little salt, pepper, and garlic to taste

This recipe provides 3 satisfying servings filled with protein, fiber, and phytonutrients. Variations might include add-on canned sardines, canned tuna, canned salmon, or no more than 4 ounces of fresh seafood or meat.

There are literally thousands of salad recipes on the Food Network that do not require veganism or vegetarianism. When you kill some of the commercial salad dressing options, you keep control of your tastes. There’s no mystery. Just lots of food to help you target resolve at slowly attaining a weight management resolution.

Adapting a healthy weight management lifestyle means adopting a holistic lifestyle approach you can live with for a long time. Salads are very much whole food eating. Commercial salad dressing is convenient and tasty. Taking time to make your own salad dressing helps brings you at one with your salad for an appreciative lifestyle. Solve the dark mystery of salad dressing.

The clues to the mystery is what you choose to place in your salad and how to add the right condiments. Squeezes of lemon, drops of olive oil and balsamic vinegar are the culinary rewards. You would be Amazed how many salad dressings are available from FOOD NETWORK online.

Are you getting the nutrition you need? Choose a fine vitamin supplement. Centrum might be a choice.

Eating homemade salads as a major part of your diet is a way to help trigger a lifestyle regimen of weight management and wellness. It may be a resolution you can stick with.