Covid-19 vaccine experiment vs quasi-experiment.

Let’s face it. Over-the-counter and prescription drugs are a big market financially. The Covid-19 vaccine has drug manufacturers clamoring for approval from FDA and European Medical Agency. The problems of producing the best Covid-19 vaccine is limited, short clinical trials and new mutations of Covid-19 viruses that are even more contagious than one year ago. A Covid-19 vaccine being authorized right now FOR EMERGENCY USE is not really science at its best. With millions of doses released, emergency use means the clinical trial that manufacturers should have done pre-market. Scientific experiments have regressed to Quasi-experiments. What does that mean?

Having an availability of a Covid-19 vaccine is the first positive step toward mediating this pandemic but getting Pfizer or Moderna Covid-19 vaccine doesn’t necessarily mean a victorious cure. It’s an increment of many revisions. In many senses, we are participants in a clinical trial of vaccines that should have been tested over past 12 months. We will discover whether these vaccines are empirical science or quasi-science. To what degree are these Covid-19 vaccines true or fake?

The scientific method is based on theories. But in measuring and experimenting with that theory you have to be prepared to disprove the theory. Yet, the best funded, large sample, experiments are usually funded by pharmaceutical manufacturers. They want their product to be the best, or best accepted by doctors and the public. After nearly a year, dozens of companies have been seeking a vaccine for Covid-19. The winner gets many prizes. Are these experiments or quasi-experiments?

A quasi-experiment is an experiment that seems to read as science but is manipulated in one or more ways to come up with an answer, usually based on the sponsor’s goal. Experiments are expensive. With businesses granting funds for experimentations, some facts are compromised. A drug to reduce cholesterol may do it but it may kill your liver and muscles. Such is the problem of using a quasi-experiment to state what is a skewed fact.

In a true experiment, participants are randomly assigned to either the treatment or the control group, whereas they are not assigned randomly in a quasi-experiment. Quasi-experiment research designs do not randomly assign participants to treatment or control groups for comparison. Quasi-experiment research involves the manipulation of an independent variable without the random assignment of participants to conditions or orders of conditions. Among the important types are nonequivalent groups designs, pretest-posttest, and interrupted time-series designs. A quasi-experiment research is research that resembles experimental research but is not true experimental research. A quasi-experiment is designed to resemble the scientific method, at least, according to the experiment sponsor.

Quasi-experiments evolved as a term through a series of research studies in validity through early empirical psychology. It impacted social psychology. Donald Campbell privately distributed a paper in 1953 entitled “Designs for
Social Science Experiments.”

The special relationship of randomization to internal validity was given such prominence that the term experiment was taken to mean a randomized experiment unless otherwise noted. These )otherwise noted” developed as quasi-experiments or untraditional experiment models. This was a decade before modes of strict ethics impacted psychology experimentation, shifting to other sciences.

Today, ethical science experiments require test-retest under same conditions, with different randomized groups of people to check if similar or different results are found.

Quasi-experiments are most likely to be conducted in field settings in which random assignment is difficult or impossible. They are often conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of a treatment—perhaps a type of psychotherapy or an educational intervention. There are many different kinds of quasi-experiments:

Nonequivalent Groups Design, as indicated above.

Pretest-Posttest Design a dependent variable is measured once before the treatment is implemented and once after it is implemented. There is no test/retest or long trial experiment

Combination Designs -There is a treatment group that is given a pretest, receives a treatment, and then is given a posttest. But at the same time there is a control group that is given a pretest, does not receive the treatment, and then is given a posttest. The question, then, is not simply whether participants who receive the treatment improve but whether they improve more than participants who do not receive the treatment.

Then statistics might be skewed to have results favor the sponsor. An example happened over 20 years ago.

News reports flashed that eating grapes improved eye health. A research study showed that grapes are high in Lutein, which is known to improve eye health. As news spread, consumption of grapes, grape juice, and red wine was much higher, The study’s sponsor was Welch’s – a grape product distributor. That was a quasi-experiment.

Substantial amounts of lutein and zeaxanthin (30–50%) are also present in kiwi fruit, spinach, orange juice, zucchini (or vegetable marrow), and different kinds of squash. And grapes. Subsequent studies over the years prove that these lutein micronutrients are anti-inflammatory and is known to improve or even prevent age-related macular disease which is the leading cause of blindness and vision impairment, according to a 2018 study published 2018 by the USA National Institutes of Health.

Covid-19 is a monster beyond many proportions and a vaccine against it but there’s more to finding a Covid-19 vaccine than a quasi-experimental search will deliver. The values gained by Pfizer and Moderna are hopefully well. My fears are that these are placebos or worse. Some real empirical scientific studies need to be done. It could take another year. These Covid-19 vaccine variations may still be derived from philosophical and economic outlooks. The empirical experiment often takes more time.

Today the key feature common to all experiments is still to deliberately vary something so as to discover what happens to something else later-to discover the effects of presumed causes. Covid-19 has many. Impatience or deadlines or increasing stock values aren’t experimental goals. My fear is that all vaccines against Covid-19 still remain to be philosophical than true science. For now, we are the participants and witnesses of a clinical trial that should have been tested and retested in empirical settings. Is a Covid-19 vaccine a reality or a dream? Answers lie in the future.

Benefits and consequences of COVID-19 vaccine

The COVID-19 vaccine is coming. But is it ready to be used?

There’s a great deal of optimism as Pfizer begins deliveries of their vaccine to USA. There are, however, some that believe there’s a bumpy road ahead about results and side-effects. They prefer to wait. How efficient is this vaccine? Does it cover only D614b (original form)? Does it cover all COVID-19 mutations?

The first people to be vaccinated are the guinea pigs of what may be a vast, ghastly experiment.

COVID-19 vaccine production spans only less than 1 year for testing, far less than average for many drugs. They may stop the world’s tragic COVID-19 pandemic but those benefits come with a barrel of consequential side-effects that may be worse to several people:

Fatigue.
Cough.
Shortness of breath.
Headache.
Joint pain.
Muscle pain
Headache
Fast or pounding heartbeat
Loss of smell or taste
Memory, concentration or sleep problems
Rash or hair loss

According to CNBC, the FDA said that while side effects of the Pfizer vaccine are common, there are “no specific safety concerns identified that would preclude issuance of an EUA.” CNBC continues, the information shows it has benefits even after the first dose, with an effectiveness of more than 50 percent about a week later. Shots are given 3-weeks apart.

Does your health insurance cover that significant 2nd shot? It may or may not. You really need to contact carriers for written approval.

Among other issues, UK has observed allergic reactions that may have been caused by a component of Pfizer’s vaccine called polyethylene glycol, or PEG, which helps stabilize the shot and is not in other types of vaccines.

There are also more types of COVID-19 than 12 months ago. Researchers call the new strain G614 and the previous strain D614. One of the researchers who worked on the study told CNN that the new mutation is “now the dominant form infecting people.”

According to Medical News Today, ll viruses mutate, and the new coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, is no exception. As an RNA virus, it is prone to mutations, partly because the replication enzymes of RNA viruses make more mistakes when copying genetic material from cells that it settles on. The G614 variant first piqued a study team’s (at Los Alamos Labs interest in April, when they noticed a repeated pattern across the globe.

An assumption that the D614 strain has a mean generation time of ~5 days, researchers calculated that the G614 strain has a reproduction number 31% times higher than the D614 strain. The estimate above is based on the number of confirmed cases, but if deaths are used instead, the result would be a 23% higher reproduction number.

The new strain of coronavirus, called D614G (G614), emerged in Europe and has become the most common in the world. Research at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and the University of Wisconsin-Madison shows the D614G strain replicates faster and is more transmissible than the virus, originating in China, that spread in the beginning of the pandemic.D614G is responsible for increasing spikes throughout the globe.

According to Bio-Pharma, a group of Australian scientists believe that effectiveness of D614 vaccines should also be effective with G614 mutations. The report was in October 2020, so it’s more theoretical.

The pandemic is serious by deaths, social isolation, and economic upheaval. Welcoming the Pfizer vaccine is the first glimmer of hope in this trying year. We’ve no idea of the incidence of side-effects and the duration of drug efficacy. Who knows? An H614 may be developing but we don’t know about it yet. I think better research is required.

Low carbohydrates and cereal for a keto lifestyle

Carbohydrates are a nasty word but are often necessities. For those who are active all day, carbohydrates help provide the get-up-go you’ll need to survive the morning hours. Sadly, most eat carbohydrates and aren’t active. Unused carbohydrates go to your belly. This routine may promote diabetes 2 as your body seeks self-regulation. Oddly, while promoting health and taste, cereal contains more simple carbohydrates each morning. Keto diet disciples believe cereal carbohydrates are crap as part of their lifestyle. Yet many people are addicted to cereal.

Perhaps the most challenging meals each morning is cereal. From granola, to Muesli, to raisin bran, or oatmeal, there are considerable carbohydrates. As some may have only 20-30 grams of carbohydrates per serving, many “healthy” cereals have over 40 grams of carbohydrates per serving. Virtually none have no sugar because they hide it with sucralose or sugar alcohols. Including oatmeal, most don’t have enough fiber to yield a low-carb net rating.

A net carbohydrates rating takes number of total carbohydrates and subtracts fiber. Fiber is often insignificant in cereals.

Catalina Crunch Cereal touts itself as having 0 sugars, plenty of protein, and is a good source of fiber. But what about taste? The ceral uses a natural sweetener derived from luo han guo, a small melon native to parts of Southern China and Thailand — for a more subtle sugar-free taste. Lug han guo is the extract of a monkfruit. Monkfruit has been used for centuries in Eastern medicine as a cold and digestive aid, and now it is also being used to sweeten foods and beverages. Because Catalina Crunch cereal has limited distribution, this recent start-up cereal hasn’t been analyzed by FDA about it’s sweetening agent. Like the stevia plant, Lug han guo is derived as plant-based.

How does Luo han guo sweeten? It contains natural non-sugar sweet tasting compounds made up of triterpenoid glycosides, which have sweetness levels ranging from hundreds of times to about one-half that of sugar. According to USA National Institutes of Health, they have strong antioxidant activity and inhibit the formation of advanced glycation end products, implicated in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy, embryopathy, neuropathy or impaired wound healing.

There is very little published evidence but some believe that Luo han guo may cause some liver damage and by what quantity may do so. As with many plants, Luo han guo have statins, commonly purported as an ingredient to manage high cholesterol. This plant features statins that compare with simvastatin, or Zocor.

According to Healthline, Monkfruit extract is 150 to 200 times sweeter than sugar. The extract contains zero calories, zero carbohydrates, zero sodium, and zero fat. Studies in mice with diabetes suggest that monk fruit extract may even reduce blood sugar levels.

Preliminary observations as a dietary supplement, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) considers monk fruit sweeteners to be generally regarded as safe. Yes, Amazon sells it.

As plants are sources of carbohydrates, a quantity of monkfruit may deliver low carbohydrates, although products claim zero.

Monk fruit is commonly used as a substitution for sugar in confections, soups, sauces and beverages. But because it is much sweeter than sugar, a 1-to-1 substitution may be too sweet. Experiment in the kitchen and find the ratio that fits your needs. Consider starting with 1/3 cup monk fruit sugar for 1 cup sugar. Let’s hope Catalina Crunch and competitors tweak their extracts.

For those seeking to find a cereal that has no carbohydrates (yet) then Catalina Crunch helps make cereal suited for your dietary lifestyle. As with all sugar substitutes, monkfruit is an acquired taste.

Unless you’re running, biking, walking, or working on a farm, those astronomical carbohydrates may be adding to your aging process. Maybe stevia and monkfruit may help reduce those carbohydrates found in cereals, while preserving the taste. Artificial sweeteners taste bad but monkfruit sweeteners are a good option for people watching their weight. Unlike some artificial sweeteners, there’s no evidence to date showing that monkfruit has negative side effects. Although wo can tell what the far future brings?

Vitamin nutrients for immune system may thwart sickness

Whatever diet you follow, getting nutrients in sufficient quantity may help build your body’s immune system against many diseases.

Nutritional supplements, in USA, aren’t viewed as traditional treatments as insufficient science evidence hasn’t passed FDA standards. Nutrients may be health enhancers and are frequently discussed outside the USA. Most of the USA medical community has not been taught nutritional approaches to aid and reduce severity of certain sicknesses.

The USA hospital system works toward reducing symptomatic reactions to sickness. Using vitamins and nutrients routinely aim at supporting body wellness. It is alternate therapy as opposed to traditional therapy. Nonetheless, the USA National Institutes of Health cites research studies on how vitamins impact boosting immunity to viruses, fungi, and bacteria in the first place.

Examples of nutrients, according to Harvard Nutrition Center, that have been identified as critical for the growth and function of immune cells include vitamin C, vitamin D, zinc, selenium, iron, and protein (including the amino acid glutamine). They are found in a variety of plant and animal foods. You might also find Elderberry, Echinacea, Astragalus and Golden Seal in some immune support combination pills.

Dosages? Supplements, derived naturally or through lab, are chemicals and routine dosage is an issue. I suggest contacting a registered nutritionist. Overdosing may induce digestive problems. Overdosing Vitamin D3 (more than 5,000 IU) every day may lead to intracranial pressure, according to American Journal of Medicine. Symptoms of increased intracranial pressure may include lethargy, vomiting, seizures, vision changes, and behavior changes. Signs of too much zinc include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, stomach cramps, diarrhea, and headaches. When people take too much zinc for a long time, they sometimes have problems such as low copper levels, lower immunity, and low levels of HDL cholesterol (the “good” cholesterol).

So…although these immune elevation supplements may help reduce severity of COVID-19 symptoms (for example), overdosing these will deliver reversed and uncomfortable results.

This is why a local registered nutritionist should be consulted when taking large doses of supplements routinely. It is possible to have too much of a good thing. What is your proper dose?

Locked in a coronavirus-19 pandemic, these supplements are getting more exposure. With no prescriptions required, these are easily accessible. A medically trained doctor is unlikely to provide more than anecdotal advice. It is very valuable to connect with a registered nutritionist.

After all this, proper dieting and exercise is always advised by all.

Vitamin nutrients for immune system may thwart sickness when used reasonably. During the pandemic, it’s more protection in addition to masks, shields, and other protective gear. That is until a dependable vaccine comes along.

Is happiness and sadness genetic

Certain people seem predisposed to happiness and sadness. It may be a personal construct or attitude of life. Some say they’re sometimes happy and sometimes sad. Psychologists may see it as bipolar manic-depression. But that’s in uncontrollable phases. There are now some emerging studies that happiness and sadness may extend from genetics.

A scientist has discovered why happiness might very well be genetic. A human’s level of happiness is linked to their genetic makeup, according to a researcher who carried out groundbreaking work in the area—but it’s nearly impossible to modify genes to boost your contentment. Genetics may factor about 40%. 40% of happiness is determined by your actions, your attitude or optimism, and the way you handle situations. Some say that 10% might depend on circumstances.

A twin study of over 2,000 twins from the Minnesota Twin Registry found that approximately 50% of life satisfaction is due to genetics.

Of course, 2020 has kicked many into sadness and frustration, many find humor by creating memes that are posted on social media. Yes, some enjoy happiness and share happiness in the most challenging situations.

Does happiness factor into longer life? According to one study of those aged 65 or over, variants are mixed. Only 1.4% to about 8% happy people lived longer than average. Then again, there are thousands of things that may get you not to reach 65.

Everyone seeks happiness in different ways. It could be social. It could be games, puzzles, and physical activities. It could be food. It could be sex. It could also be marriage. Happiness is an outlook that’s within you.

People try to list happiness traits, such as:
Gratitude. Gratitude is essential for happiness.
Present Focus. Happy people tend to live in the moment.
Humor. Humor is also important, no matter who you are or where you work.
Self-Confidence. Confidence goes a long way.
Adaptability.
Optimism.
Intangible Values.

But I believe there is much more. Is happiness genetically inherited? Is it a developed personality? Nature or nurture?

Published May 2020, during the height of the coronavirus-10 pandemic, Psychology Today studied personality and happiness. There were few conclusions but they correlated that happiness goes with well-being or general wellness.

Many associate a happiness personality with, what Karen Horney studies, extroversion, which could be nature or nurture. Studies on the Genetics of Wellbeing and Its Components Satisfaction with Life, Happiness, and Quality of Life crop up more frequently. More studies are needed.

I’d say that newborn babies are the best predictor of innate happiness. If they tend to smile and laugh, they may have the happy gene. If they smile and laugh while destroying their dolls, they may have a future as a doctor or a serial killer.

I have a happy outlook of life. Despite my mobility challenges, I have the traits of a happy personality. I think I was born with them.

VIP Syndrome health care for the few

Health care for chronic and acute illnesses in the USA is average, with a few spikes of genius. Most follow common methods and do not learn about supplemental wellness. Some are fortunate to access health affordable health care. As an inverted bell, the low extremes – poorest and wealthiest have some access. The moon may belong to everyone but the best things in life cost money and influence. The VIP-Syndrome deals with health care for the richest and more influential. Is that true?

A significant issue is health care for all. Yet, even in areas around the world where universal health care is available, a person’s status may receive better medical care. It is known as VIP-Syndrome. A “VIP-syndrome” has been recognized. It occurs when a very important person (VIP) is admitted to a health care facility and the status of that person affects decisions about medical care.

Universal health care may require long waits for appointments and therapeutic treatment. Care visits are brief. In European countries, people need to spend more for better health care. Yes, it’s best to be a VIP or is it really?

Every now and then, you read news articles of hospitals that have floors dispensing ordinary health care and other floors where wealthy people may get upscale health care. What distinguishes heath care quality? VIP-Syndrome! In wealthier countries, VIP medicine is a variety of the VIP-syndrome—the phenomenon of a perceived “VIP” (very important person) using his or her status to influence a given professional or institution to make unorthodox decisions under the pressure or presence of said VIP, that relates to the accessibility and quality of care. It is not a schism of mediocrity. VIP-Syndrome demonstrates that status has privileges to better health care.

Who might be a VIP? According to the United States National Institutes of Health (NIH), VIP patients, often those who hold celebrity status, power, or perceived connections, engender awe and fear in those who care for them, even though they may be medical professionals and clinicians who have an intimate knowledge of medicine and the medical system. Is this patient-centered health care? Or is it Netflix type health care on demand for short term health over wellness?

VIP-Syndrome health care may not be better than ordinary health care. According to the ABIM Foundation, VIP-Syndrome (in certain circumstances) may be bad for the VIP. ABIM stands for American Board of Internal Medicine and works towards core values of medical professionalism. As a VIP receives health care, that individual can sign and dictate custom health care.

Coined around 1964, VIP-Syndrome came from the field of psychiatry. Psychiatrist Walter Weintraub described the syndrome in a 1964 article in the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, noting that “the treatment of an influential man can be extremely hazardous for both patient and doctor.” Does patient influence (or appearance) influence neutrality within a therapeutic treatment? Since 1964, this VIP-Syndrome brought up assorted ethical questions that tightened and set restrictions of therapeutic modalities.

For example, since First Lady Betty Ford made it vogue, rehab centers cropped up to serve addiction therapies for VIP individuals. Though efficacy studies have been tried, even the costly VIP rehab centers tend to generate less than 10% long-term graduates. This helps demonstrate that VIP-Syndrome Rehab-on-Luxury Demand fares about as well as ordinary rehab modalities regarding addictive behaviors.

In 2020, VIP-Syndrome is most viable as a tool to condemn a pandemic during a pivotal pre-election war of ideas. Chiding health care for all, one VIP with VIP-Syndrome is manipulating his health to win sympathy and erase a vast disease from the minds of fans. VIP-Syndrome is when the needs of the one outweigh the needs of the many. Being a VIP in health care and influence on medical caring may be hazardous to health.

VIP-Syndrome is not a condition to be taken lightly. But… if you have the bucks and brains, the doctors may have degrees and experience but VIP-Syndrome means you’re still the boss. But does that VIP accept responsibility if the guesses are wrong? Do the probabilities of side-effects outweigh going back too early? That’s why VIP-Syndrome sounds like a form of disease itself. Means justify the ends.

Power of dietary fiber

Wellness has a very close partnership with chi (energy) and how it flows routinely. It’s how energy flows. That’s how dietary fiber each day helps build immmunity from toxins. According to an article published by AARP:
“Soluble fiber changes immune cells from being pro-inflammatory warrior cells to anti-inflammatory peacekeeper cells,” says Gregory Freund, M.D., of the University of Illinois. Here’s why: Soluble fiber boosts production of the protein interleukin-4, which stimulates the body’s infection-fighting T-cells.

When you think of dietary fiber, it’s about flow. If you’re thinking about eliminating excess fats, including cholesterol, fiber helps create bathroom visits. Meat and fish have no dietary fiber. Your side of vegetables contains fiber. Yes, fiber is integral in many carbohydrates. Fiber also lowers blood sugar levels. Fiber helps aid flow to promote wellness.

The best and most fiber is delivered through “whole” foods. The most commonly recognized source of fiber in the adult diet comes from non-digestible carbohydrates and lignin which occurs naturally as part of the food consumed, such as from whole grains (oat, wheat, barley, rice, etc.), beans, fruits and vegetables. Fiber is also contained in breast milk in the form of galact-oligosaccharides. Normal pasteurized milk has no fiber.

How much dietary fiber is necessary? The American Heart Association Eating Plan suggests eating a variety of food fiber sources. Total dietary fiber intake should be 25 to 30 grams a day from food, not supplements. Currently, dietary fiber intakes among adults in the United States average about 15 grams a day. That’s about half the recommended amount. That’s because most people eat processed foods. Processing effectively reduces fiber to nothing. Most breakfast cereal only have about 3 grams of fiber per serving. White bread has virtually no fiber per slice.

When counting carbohydrates, grams of fiber are subtracted from total carbs. If a can of beans (about 3 servings) has 75 grams of total carbohydrates. Dietary fiber may be up to 25 grams. This delivers net-carbohydrates of 50 grams per can. Strange? Not really…because fiber is a type of carbohydrate that your body can’t digest, it does not affect your blood sugar levels. You should subtract the grams of fiber from the total carbohydrate.

Of course there are 2 fundamental dietary fiber types. They behave differently. There are two types – soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber dissolves in water, and includes plant pectin and gums. Insoluble fiber doesn’t dissolve in water. It includes plant cellulose and hemicellulose. Soluble fiber can help improve digestion and lower blood sugar, while insoluble fiber can soften stool, making it easier to pass.

Suprisingly, there’s more fiber in parts of foods you don’t eat. Like peanut shells (yech). Waste not. Some fibers, such as those from Psyllium Husks, are considered almost as a natural laxative. Psyllium husk, a natural dietary fiber originating from plantago ovata, has been the source of both soluble and insoluble fiber in Metamucil for 80 years. Studies suggest that the psyllium in Metamucil works differently. The psyllium fiber in Metamucil forms a viscous gel that traps some bile acids (made from cholesterol) and gently removes them from your body. This gel also traps some carbohydrates and sugars, allowing them to be more slowly absorbed by the body. This gelling property of psyllium also helps you feel less hungry between meals and promotes digestive health.

There’s no evidence that daily use of fiber supplements — such as psyllium (Metamucil, Konsyl, others) or methylcellulose (Citrucel) — is harmful. Fiber has a number of health benefits, including normalizing bowel function and preventing constipation. Psyllium Husks are also sold as supplements as ppwders or pills. Some early cholesterol drugs used psyllium husks that were sprinkled on foods. Yes, they can. But a rather acquired taste that offended many.

One study found that 5 grams of psyllium twice a day can help people with type 2 diabetes control their blood sugar. A repeated test study showed that the amount of psyllium husks should be tailored to the individual.

As opposed to European medicine, USA doctors shy away from these supplements. They prescribe other bile-sequestrants. Psyllium Husks seem very beneficial but responsible dosing with a nutritionist recommendation may avoid some uncomfortable side-effects. Gas or stomach cramping may occur. Metamucil and some psyllium husk supplements may contain sugar, sodium, or phenylalanine. Check the medication label if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, phenylketonuria (PKU), or if you are on a low-salt diet. Also vomiting is common.

Vomiting may be associated with NOT drinking at least 8-ounces of water after a dose. Inadequate water may result in husk thickening in throat.

I tend to support the American Heart Association’s approach of getting good fiber from whole foods. For those who are constipated, maybe Metamucil or a supplement may be helpful. Psyllium husk dosage varies. Start with a conservative approach. Take 1 teaspoon of finely ground psyllium husk once a day in the morning, mixed with at least 8 ounces of liquid and followed by an additional 8-ounce glass of water. You may feel full and even more bloated the first few days, but after a week your body should be used to the increased fiber.

According to the Mayo Clinic:
Benefits of a high-fiber diet may
Normalize bowel movements. Dietary fiber increases the weight and size of your stool and softens it.
Helps maintain bowel health.
Lowers cholesterol levels.
Helps control blood sugar levels.
Aids in achieving healthy weight.

Might be worth trying? Add dietary fiber as a routine to your daily nutrition needs.

Starch and resistant starch carbohydrates and you

Carbohydrates are classified into three subtypes: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. They form key nutrients your body needs and your tongue craves. Excess dietary carbohydrates may lead to diabetes and weight gain. Sugar and starch are examples of many foods. The only foods without sugar or starch are meat and fish. All plants have carbohydrates. Both are pre-factors of energy fuel.

When people talk about carbohydrates, sugar comes to mind, normally sucrose, fructose, and glucose. They come from plants and a great source is sugar, derived from cane and many fruits.

Another carbohydrate is starch. Starches are long chains of the sugar glucose joined together. Starches (formerly known as complex carbohydrates) occur naturally in a large range of foods including nutrient-rich foods like root vegetables, legumes, cracked wheat, brown rice, pearl barley, quinoa and oats. As with sugar, there are many starches. There are essentially two types of starch -simple starch that are digested rapidly and resistant starch that metabolizes at a slower rate.

Resistant Starch is the subject of the latest health studies. Unlike other forms of starch, the small intestine does not digest resistant starch. Instead, it passes through and gets metabolized by the large intestine. Skipping the digestive process means that resistant starch gets turned into fuel. The fuel is then burned off quickly as energy, while some resistant starch remains to become prebiotics, food for the healthy bacteria that live in the gut.

According to Johns Hopkins Medical, Resistant starch is a carbohydrate that resist digestion in the small intestine and ferments in the large intestine. As the fibers ferment they act as a prebiotic and feed the good bacteria in the gut. There are several types of resistant starch. Food processing usually reduces the healthy effects resistant starches provide. Processing minimizes heart and body health benefits that resistant starch provides.

Foods that contain resistant starch include:
Plantains and green bananas (as a banana ripens the starch changes to a regular starch)
Beans, peas, and lentils (white beans and lentils are the highest in resistant starch)
Whole grains including oats and barley.
Cooked and cooled rice.
Seeds such as almonds, pistachios, and others that are not roasted.

There are two ways to add resistant starches to your diet — either get them from foods or take a supplement. Several commonly consumed foods are high in resistant starch. This includes raw potatoes, cooked and then cooled potatoes, green bananas, various legumes, cashews and raw oats, according to Healthline.

I don’t believe that eating resistant starch is a road to better health health. Using small portions of meats, fish, fruits complement nutritional holes and tastes as life fuels. These are the natural components for activity and endurance.

As the fuels of early civilization, grains could be dried for storage. Fruits were also dried by dehydration or preserves. Survivalists dried fish and dried meat to help make foods last longer for travel and activity. The jerky was popular for feeding soldiers centuries ago for nutrients, albeit sugars and salts at unhealthy levels.

With the absence of drinkable water, sea travelers knew to ferment grains to make whiskies and beer. They also fermented fruits into wine. These helped dilute the salty tastes of dried fish and meats.

Resistant starch foods deliver more than essentials for food if you have an active lifestyle. If you are inactive, then you can gain weight and develop sicknesses. Carbohydrate based diets are for movers and shakers but resistant starch is more enduring.

Barring pathogens from the air, preserving foods support healthy lifestyles in lock downs. Resistant starch foods may keep you healthy.

Here are resistant starch recipes to try.

South Atlantic anomaly and viruses

Long ago, a galaxy far away fell apart. Well…actually a solar system exploded as a star went to black. The frontier of space is not a void. Besides meteors and asteroids, space is filled with tiny fragments from destroyed planets, moons, and stars. Astronomers have discovered one of those particles that they call South Atlantic Anomaly or SAA.

According to Space.com and other sources the South Atlantic Anomaly is a weak spot in Earth’s magnetic field, which protects the planet from high doses of solar wind and cosmic radiation. This anomaly exists because the Earth’s inner Van Allen radiation belt comes closest to the planet’s surface, causing an increased flux of energetic particles.

Earth’s magnetic field, also known as the geomagnetic field, is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth’s interior out into space, where it interacts with the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun or elsewhere. Earth’s space station, satellites, and moon, as well as Earth itself have magnetic fields that helps keep keep our atmosphere in check, as well as weather patterns, and surfaces.

What would happen if Earth’s magnetic field disappeared tomorrow? A larger number of charged solar particles would bombard the planet, putting power grids and satellites on the fritz and increasing human exposure to higher levels of cancer-causing ultraviolet radiation. According to the writers of Live Science, it would be the end of earth life as we know it. It is climate change at a horrific degree. And our satellites and Space Station will plummet down to our planet.

Many theories about climate change blame our planetary lifestyles that are changing Earth’s temperatures. Humans are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth’s temperature by burning fossil fuels, cutting down rainforests and farming livestock. This adds enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.

Livestock? Livestock eat grasses and plants that otherwise would contribute to our atmosphere via photosynthesis. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.

Now the South Atlantic Anomaly is threatening to speed the process by damaging the magnetic field. NASA has been tracking the South Atlantic Anomalyand believes this particle has attached itself to Earth’s magnetic field…much like a virus to a cell. SAA is creating a dent in Earth’s magnetic field. Is it science fiction theory or fact?

Based on teachings in Astronomy, this anomaly exists because the Earth’s inner Van Allen radiation belt comes closest to the planet’s surface, causing an increased flux of energetic particles. A belt is a zone of energetic charged particles, most of which originate from the solar wind, that are captured by and held around a planet by that planet’s magnetic field. Earth has two such belts and sometimes others may be temporarily created.

How does a dent in the magnetic field effect climate change? Earth revolves at an angle. This helps create seasons as the sun’s reflection moves from Tropic of Cancer to Equator and Tropic of Capricorn. North hemisphere winters are South hemisphere summers. 4 distinct seasons north and south. But this wasn’t always the case, according to scientists.

The reversal was dated to approximately 15 million years ago. In August 2018, researchers reported a reversal lasting only 200 years. But a 2019 paper estimated that the most recent reversal, 780,000 years ago, lasted 22,000 years. If areas of strength and weakness happens, sometimes the field even flip-flops, with north and south switching places. The current weakening of the Earth’s magnetic field could portend another one of these flip-flops, or it could simply be a temporary fluctuation.

For reasons not entirely understood but related to the planet’s interior dynamics, the magnetic field is currently undergoing a period of weakening. That’s why magnetic north is drifting. As of February 2019, magnetic north was located at 86.54 N 170.88 E, within the Arctic Ocean, according to the NCEI.

The fluctuating dent made by the South Atlantic Anomaly onto the world’s electromagnetic field may also influence virus behavior. The effects of pathogens are being potentiated by electromagnetic frequencies (EMFs) in a dual manner. EMFs greatly impact our immune system, making us more susceptible to viruses, bacteria and biotoxins, and also potentiate the virulence of those pathogens. Can the coronavirus-19 pandemic have something to do with the South Atlantic Anomaly?

As Earth civilization explores new frontiers in space, there’s much to learn about the South Atlantic Anomaly as the dent may impact Earth. So far, the South Atlantic Anomaly dent can infect digital devices, including satellites and smart devices. As we view Mars, Venus, Jupiter and other seemingly lifeless planets near us, phenomena of unidentified space particles may have resulted in chaos. Until we can cruise at much faster than the speed of light, the South Atlantic Anomaly may thwart efforts now and for other generations.

So far, Earth’s atmosphere insulates us well from solar winds and particles. Tiny particles burn and are destroyed in the upper atmosphere. South Atlantic anomaly requires more observations to determine how it impacts our lifestyle now and the future.

GPF toilet flush from clog to flow

Each time you flush your toilet, over a gallon of water empties the bowl with a gravity-fed system. Sometimes it takes gallons. Federal and local rules reduce the flow significantly. 1.28 and 1.6 gpf. Is this significant to do the job? Remember multiple flushes don’t always work and toilet drains may clog. Is new science and technology necessary?

GPF means gallons of water required to empty a toilet of waste. The old chamber pots were causes of disease especially in urban areas. It was only by the dawn of the 1900’s that flushing toilets were mandatory in residential homes and commercial buildings. These gravity fed devices, using flushometers or water tanks delivered 3 to 5 gallons of water per flushing task. Conserving water became necessary by the 1980’s. GPF limits were necessary.

In the 1800’s, England addressed their massive sewage system, a remnant from Roman occupation. A water limiter was required. In the late-19th century, a London plumbing impresario named Thomas Crapper manufactured one of the first widely successful lines of flush toilets. Crapper did not invent the toilet, but he did develop the ballcock, an improved tank-filling mechanism still used in toilets today.

As we moved to the 21st century, USA limits were mandated to reduce gpf. When it comes to flushing toilets, is a 1.6 gallons per flush (gpf) toilet better than a 1.28 gallon per flush toilet?

When it comes to flushing with pride, you need a liberal amount of water to assure movement into pipes and sewer systems. Yet conservative approaches feel 1.28 gpf is enough. Is it? This is hotly debated. Are the 0.32 gpf differences really conserving water?

Federal law currently mandates that all toilets manufactured in the United States use no more than 1.6 gallons per flush, but WaterSense-labeled models only require 1.28 gallons or less per flush. Toilets made from the early 1980s to 1992 typically used 3.5 gallons per flush (13.2 liters) or more. Some cities, such as New York, only allow 1.28 gpf.

Among residential living, flushing is the biggest water hog in the house. Older, conventional toilets can use 5 to 7 gallons per flush, but low-flow models use as little as 1.6 gallons. Since the average person flushes five times a day, the gallons can really add up. Yet a 1.28 gpf may require8 flushes to kinetically move the mass.

Reason dictates that more water permits a better flush. The 1.6 GPF toilets use more water, thus flush better than the 1.28 GPF toilets. They flush down a heavy mass of waste and do not leave stains on the bowl. They are little chance of clogs too. Hence, you save water when you use the 1.6 GPF toilets.While a 1.6 gpf uses one flush to remove flushable matter, a 1.28 gpf typical gravity fed toilet might require 2 or more flushes and are likely to clog.

Maximum performance (MaP) testing conducted by independent agencies determines how much solid waste a toilet can handle. A rating of 350 to 600 grams for a 1.6-gallon flush is good, although some toilets can handle up to 1,000 grams (2.2 pounds!) using only 1.28 gpf.

Recent advancements have allowed toilets to use 1.28 gallons per flush or less while still providing equal or superior performance. This is 20 percent less water than the current federal standard of 1.6 gallons per flush. The WaterSense label is used on toilets that are independently certified to meet rigorous criteria for both performance and efficiency. Only water-saving toilets that complete the certification process can earn the WaterSense label. Is it really sensible? Maybe. Using hydraulic technologies 1.28 gpf may do the job.

The first modern flushable toilet was described in 1596 by Sir John Harington, an English courtier and the godson of Queen Elizabeth I. Harington’s device called for a 2-foot-deep oval bowl waterproofed with pitch, resin and wax and fed by water from an upstairs cistern, according to the History Channel.

The idea of today is to push gravity feed with technology to move waste with 1.28 gpf efficiently, without clogs. New toilets were the children of invention. Leading manufacturers are Kohler, American Standard, Toto, and Gerber. Of course all these deviate from normal Crapper designs,and require special service if repair is required.

These new flushing systems must meet a Class 5 standard. The Class Five flushing system is designed for extraordinary bulk flushing performance. Its large flush valve allows rapid release of water combined with a direct fed jet and maximizes water flow.

Kohler has aquapiston. The engine behind Kohler’s powerful toilets is our patented AquaPiston flush canister.
Water enters the canister from 360 degrees for a flush that packs a powerful punch to eliminate clogs without wasting water.

Toto According to TOTO, TORNADO FLUSH: the powerful toilet flushing. TORNADO FLUSH is an essential feature of every TOTO toilet. Depending on the model, two or three jets create a powerful, circulating whirlpool of water that cleans every inch of the bowl – for effective, efficient cleaning inspired by a tornado.

American-Standard uses 6 different flushing systems developed for light-duty, home, and commercial use. The Champion® 4 Flushing System: This top-of-the-line system is virtually clog-free, so you’ll never have to plunge again. It’s packed with innovative features that make it ideal for busy and/or large households. Flushes up to 200 feet of toilet paper at a time, according to American-Standard.

Gerber seems to be the plumbers favorite. In response to customer complaints, Gerber developed UltraFlush to Class 5 standards. Gerber’s pressure-assist Ultra Flush claims it can flush 1 gpf and even 0.8 gpf toilets.

Toto tends to make sleek toilets and claim a siphon jet flush of 1 gpf. All brands have a model that is ADA compliant… meaning comfortable for people with disabilities but choices may be limited.

The real problem with Class-5 toilets is it isn’t Do-It-Yourself friendly. The flushing mechanisms are brand-specific. If you need service for your toilet, you really need local, factory-authorized plumbers convenient to your location. Sometimes this is hard to do.

Toilets usually lack flushing power because the waste pipe, siphon jet, or rim jets are partially clogged, or the water level in the tank or bowl is too low. In those cases, blockage needs to be cleared and adjust the system to correct the water levels.

Toilets are necessary in each home. They must easily move mass in one flush for flow efficiency. If they don’t, unsavory clogs will develop repeatedly. Ask questions and learn about technologies and how they work best for you.

Unfortunately vendors do not have operational toilets at demonstration centers or stores like Home Depot or similar. You want to be satisfied with your toilet for many years. Ask, ask, and ask again before you order a new toilet. While drain clogs may happen, they should be rare.

1.28 or less gpf systems can work. They save water. They help maintain sewers and cesspools. They reduce water taxes. Some are even self-cleaning! A good toilet means flushing with pride and love.