Starch and resistant starch carbohydrates and you

Carbohydrates are classified into three subtypes: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides. They form key nutrients your body needs and your tongue craves. Excess dietary carbohydrates may lead to diabetes and weight gain. Sugar and starch are examples of many foods. The only foods without sugar or starch are meat and fish. All plants have carbohydrates. Both are pre-factors of energy fuel.

When people talk about carbohydrates, sugar comes to mind, normally sucrose, fructose, and glucose. They come from plants and a great source is sugar, derived from cane and many fruits.

Another carbohydrate is starch. Starches are long chains of the sugar glucose joined together. Starches (formerly known as complex carbohydrates) occur naturally in a large range of foods including nutrient-rich foods like root vegetables, legumes, cracked wheat, brown rice, pearl barley, quinoa and oats. As with sugar, there are many starches. There are essentially two types of starch -simple starch that are digested rapidly and resistant starch that metabolizes at a slower rate.

Resistant Starch is the subject of the latest health studies. Unlike other forms of starch, the small intestine does not digest resistant starch. Instead, it passes through and gets metabolized by the large intestine. Skipping the digestive process means that resistant starch gets turned into fuel. The fuel is then burned off quickly as energy, while some resistant starch remains to become prebiotics, food for the healthy bacteria that live in the gut.

According to Johns Hopkins Medical, Resistant starch is a carbohydrate that resist digestion in the small intestine and ferments in the large intestine. As the fibers ferment they act as a prebiotic and feed the good bacteria in the gut. There are several types of resistant starch. Food processing usually reduces the healthy effects resistant starches provide. Processing minimizes heart and body health benefits that resistant starch provides.

Foods that contain resistant starch include:
Plantains and green bananas (as a banana ripens the starch changes to a regular starch)
Beans, peas, and lentils (white beans and lentils are the highest in resistant starch)
Whole grains including oats and barley.
Cooked and cooled rice.
Seeds such as almonds, pistachios, and others that are not roasted.

There are two ways to add resistant starches to your diet — either get them from foods or take a supplement. Several commonly consumed foods are high in resistant starch. This includes raw potatoes, cooked and then cooled potatoes, green bananas, various legumes, cashews and raw oats, according to Healthline.

I don’t believe that eating resistant starch is a road to better health health. Using small portions of meats, fish, fruits complement nutritional holes and tastes as life fuels. These are the natural components for activity and endurance.

As the fuels of early civilization, grains could be dried for storage. Fruits were also dried by dehydration or preserves. Survivalists dried fish and dried meat to help make foods last longer for travel and activity. The jerky was popular for feeding soldiers centuries ago for nutrients, albeit sugars and salts at unhealthy levels.

With the absence of drinkable water, sea travelers knew to ferment grains to make whiskies and beer. They also fermented fruits into wine. These helped dilute the salty tastes of dried fish and meats.

Resistant starch foods deliver more than essentials for food if you have an active lifestyle. If you are inactive, then you can gain weight and develop sicknesses. Carbohydrate based diets are for movers and shakers but resistant starch is more enduring.

Barring pathogens from the air, preserving foods support healthy lifestyles in lock downs. Resistant starch foods may keep you healthy.

Here are resistant starch recipes to try.

South Atlantic anomaly and viruses

Long ago, a galaxy far away fell apart. Well…actually a solar system exploded as a star went to black. The frontier of space is not a void. Besides meteors and asteroids, space is filled with tiny fragments from destroyed planets, moons, and stars. Astronomers have discovered one of those particles that they call South Atlantic Anomaly or SAA.

According to Space.com and other sources the South Atlantic Anomaly is a weak spot in Earth’s magnetic field, which protects the planet from high doses of solar wind and cosmic radiation. This anomaly exists because the Earth’s inner Van Allen radiation belt comes closest to the planet’s surface, causing an increased flux of energetic particles.

Earth’s magnetic field, also known as the geomagnetic field, is the magnetic field that extends from the Earth’s interior out into space, where it interacts with the solar wind, a stream of charged particles emanating from the Sun or elsewhere. Earth’s space station, satellites, and moon, as well as Earth itself have magnetic fields that helps keep keep our atmosphere in check, as well as weather patterns, and surfaces.

What would happen if Earth’s magnetic field disappeared tomorrow? A larger number of charged solar particles would bombard the planet, putting power grids and satellites on the fritz and increasing human exposure to higher levels of cancer-causing ultraviolet radiation. According to the writers of Live Science, it would be the end of earth life as we know it. It is climate change at a horrific degree. And our satellites and Space Station will plummet down to our planet.

Many theories about climate change blame our planetary lifestyles that are changing Earth’s temperatures. Humans are increasingly influencing the climate and the earth’s temperature by burning fossil fuels, cutting down rainforests and farming livestock. This adds enormous amounts of greenhouse gases to those naturally occurring in the atmosphere, increasing the greenhouse effect and global warming.

Livestock? Livestock eat grasses and plants that otherwise would contribute to our atmosphere via photosynthesis. During photosynthesis in green plants, light energy is captured and used to convert water, carbon dioxide, and minerals into oxygen and energy-rich organic compounds.

Now the South Atlantic Anomaly is threatening to speed the process by damaging the magnetic field. NASA has been tracking the South Atlantic Anomalyand believes this particle has attached itself to Earth’s magnetic field…much like a virus to a cell. SAA is creating a dent in Earth’s magnetic field. Is it science fiction theory or fact?

Based on teachings in Astronomy, this anomaly exists because the Earth’s inner Van Allen radiation belt comes closest to the planet’s surface, causing an increased flux of energetic particles. A belt is a zone of energetic charged particles, most of which originate from the solar wind, that are captured by and held around a planet by that planet’s magnetic field. Earth has two such belts and sometimes others may be temporarily created.

How does a dent in the magnetic field effect climate change? Earth revolves at an angle. This helps create seasons as the sun’s reflection moves from Tropic of Cancer to Equator and Tropic of Capricorn. North hemisphere winters are South hemisphere summers. 4 distinct seasons north and south. But this wasn’t always the case, according to scientists.

The reversal was dated to approximately 15 million years ago. In August 2018, researchers reported a reversal lasting only 200 years. But a 2019 paper estimated that the most recent reversal, 780,000 years ago, lasted 22,000 years. If areas of strength and weakness happens, sometimes the field even flip-flops, with north and south switching places. The current weakening of the Earth’s magnetic field could portend another one of these flip-flops, or it could simply be a temporary fluctuation.

For reasons not entirely understood but related to the planet’s interior dynamics, the magnetic field is currently undergoing a period of weakening. That’s why magnetic north is drifting. As of February 2019, magnetic north was located at 86.54 N 170.88 E, within the Arctic Ocean, according to the NCEI.

The fluctuating dent made by the South Atlantic Anomaly onto the world’s electromagnetic field may also influence virus behavior. The effects of pathogens are being potentiated by electromagnetic frequencies (EMFs) in a dual manner. EMFs greatly impact our immune system, making us more susceptible to viruses, bacteria and biotoxins, and also potentiate the virulence of those pathogens. Can the coronavirus-19 pandemic have something to do with the South Atlantic Anomaly?

As Earth civilization explores new frontiers in space, there’s much to learn about the South Atlantic Anomaly as the dent may impact Earth. So far, the South Atlantic Anomaly dent can infect digital devices, including satellites and smart devices. As we view Mars, Venus, Jupiter and other seemingly lifeless planets near us, phenomena of unidentified space particles may have resulted in chaos. Until we can cruise at much faster than the speed of light, the South Atlantic Anomaly may thwart efforts now and for other generations.

So far, Earth’s atmosphere insulates us well from solar winds and particles. Tiny particles burn and are destroyed in the upper atmosphere. South Atlantic anomaly requires more observations to determine how it impacts our lifestyle now and the future.

GPF toilet flush from clog to flow

Each time you flush your toilet, over a gallon of water empties the bowl with a gravity-fed system. Sometimes it takes gallons. Federal and local rules reduce the flow significantly. 1.28 and 1.6 gpf. Is this significant to do the job? Remember multiple flushes don’t always work and toilet drains may clog. Is new science and technology necessary?

GPF means gallons of water required to empty a toilet of waste. The old chamber pots were causes of disease especially in urban areas. It was only by the dawn of the 1900’s that flushing toilets were mandatory in residential homes and commercial buildings. These gravity fed devices, using flushometers or water tanks delivered 3 to 5 gallons of water per flushing task. Conserving water became necessary by the 1980’s. GPF limits were necessary.

In the 1800’s, England addressed their massive sewage system, a remnant from Roman occupation. A water limiter was required. In the late-19th century, a London plumbing impresario named Thomas Crapper manufactured one of the first widely successful lines of flush toilets. Crapper did not invent the toilet, but he did develop the ballcock, an improved tank-filling mechanism still used in toilets today.

As we moved to the 21st century, USA limits were mandated to reduce gpf. When it comes to flushing toilets, is a 1.6 gallons per flush (gpf) toilet better than a 1.28 gallon per flush toilet?

When it comes to flushing with pride, you need a liberal amount of water to assure movement into pipes and sewer systems. Yet conservative approaches feel 1.28 gpf is enough. Is it? This is hotly debated. Are the 0.32 gpf differences really conserving water?

Federal law currently mandates that all toilets manufactured in the United States use no more than 1.6 gallons per flush, but WaterSense-labeled models only require 1.28 gallons or less per flush. Toilets made from the early 1980s to 1992 typically used 3.5 gallons per flush (13.2 liters) or more. Some cities, such as New York, only allow 1.28 gpf.

Among residential living, flushing is the biggest water hog in the house. Older, conventional toilets can use 5 to 7 gallons per flush, but low-flow models use as little as 1.6 gallons. Since the average person flushes five times a day, the gallons can really add up. Yet a 1.28 gpf may require8 flushes to kinetically move the mass.

Reason dictates that more water permits a better flush. The 1.6 GPF toilets use more water, thus flush better than the 1.28 GPF toilets. They flush down a heavy mass of waste and do not leave stains on the bowl. They are little chance of clogs too. Hence, you save water when you use the 1.6 GPF toilets.While a 1.6 gpf uses one flush to remove flushable matter, a 1.28 gpf typical gravity fed toilet might require 2 or more flushes and are likely to clog.

Maximum performance (MaP) testing conducted by independent agencies determines how much solid waste a toilet can handle. A rating of 350 to 600 grams for a 1.6-gallon flush is good, although some toilets can handle up to 1,000 grams (2.2 pounds!) using only 1.28 gpf.

Recent advancements have allowed toilets to use 1.28 gallons per flush or less while still providing equal or superior performance. This is 20 percent less water than the current federal standard of 1.6 gallons per flush. The WaterSense label is used on toilets that are independently certified to meet rigorous criteria for both performance and efficiency. Only water-saving toilets that complete the certification process can earn the WaterSense label. Is it really sensible? Maybe. Using hydraulic technologies 1.28 gpf may do the job.

The first modern flushable toilet was described in 1596 by Sir John Harington, an English courtier and the godson of Queen Elizabeth I. Harington’s device called for a 2-foot-deep oval bowl waterproofed with pitch, resin and wax and fed by water from an upstairs cistern, according to the History Channel.

The idea of today is to push gravity feed with technology to move waste with 1.28 gpf efficiently, without clogs. New toilets were the children of invention. Leading manufacturers are Kohler, American Standard, Toto, and Gerber. Of course all these deviate from normal Crapper designs,and require special service if repair is required.

These new flushing systems must meet a Class 5 standard. The Class Five flushing system is designed for extraordinary bulk flushing performance. Its large flush valve allows rapid release of water combined with a direct fed jet and maximizes water flow.

Kohler has aquapiston. The engine behind Kohler’s powerful toilets is our patented AquaPiston flush canister.
Water enters the canister from 360 degrees for a flush that packs a powerful punch to eliminate clogs without wasting water.

Toto According to TOTO, TORNADO FLUSH: the powerful toilet flushing. TORNADO FLUSH is an essential feature of every TOTO toilet. Depending on the model, two or three jets create a powerful, circulating whirlpool of water that cleans every inch of the bowl – for effective, efficient cleaning inspired by a tornado.

American-Standard uses 6 different flushing systems developed for light-duty, home, and commercial use. The Champion® 4 Flushing System: This top-of-the-line system is virtually clog-free, so you’ll never have to plunge again. It’s packed with innovative features that make it ideal for busy and/or large households. Flushes up to 200 feet of toilet paper at a time, according to American-Standard.

Gerber seems to be the plumbers favorite. In response to customer complaints, Gerber developed UltraFlush to Class 5 standards. Gerber’s pressure-assist Ultra Flush claims it can flush 1 gpf and even 0.8 gpf toilets.

Toto tends to make sleek toilets and claim a siphon jet flush of 1 gpf. All brands have a model that is ADA compliant… meaning comfortable for people with disabilities but choices may be limited.

The real problem with Class-5 toilets is it isn’t Do-It-Yourself friendly. The flushing mechanisms are brand-specific. If you need service for your toilet, you really need local, factory-authorized plumbers convenient to your location. Sometimes this is hard to do.

Toilets usually lack flushing power because the waste pipe, siphon jet, or rim jets are partially clogged, or the water level in the tank or bowl is too low. In those cases, blockage needs to be cleared and adjust the system to correct the water levels.

Toilets are necessary in each home. They must easily move mass in one flush for flow efficiency. If they don’t, unsavory clogs will develop repeatedly. Ask questions and learn about technologies and how they work best for you.

Unfortunately vendors do not have operational toilets at demonstration centers or stores like Home Depot or similar. You want to be satisfied with your toilet for many years. Ask, ask, and ask again before you order a new toilet. While drain clogs may happen, they should be rare.

1.28 or less gpf systems can work. They save water. They help maintain sewers and cesspools. They reduce water taxes. Some are even self-cleaning! A good toilet means flushing with pride and love.

Where have all other diseases gone in pandemic

The 2020 pandemic is altering many lifestyles but people are adapting 50% or so. Well…masks and social distancing aren’t taken seriously. Amidst this pandemic, a group of medical doctors did a review that there appears to be a trend that many diseases are significantly reduced. Is there real evidence to support this? Anyone know where those diseases went?

Flu attacks respiratory and circular weaknesses. Coronavirus-19 and its variants seem to do a very good job. Where have other deaths gone? Are they being overshadowed by the pandemic from CoVid-19?

A new study in Journal of American Medical Association (8/2/20), observed: in Colorado, Connecticut, Massachusetts, New York, and North Carolina, decreases in emergency department visits ranged from 41.5% in Colorado to 63.5% in New York, with the most rapid rates of decrease in visits occurring in early March.

This notes significant trends that fewer patients are being attended for non-COVID as emergencies or as admissions during the pandemic over 5 months.

It is estimated that 5 – 20% of people in the United States and 10% of Europeans are infected with influenza each year during flu season; globally resulting in about 3-5 million severe cases and 250,000-500,000 deaths every year.

2020 is one of several pandemic crises. It’s just 103 years from one of the biggest after World War I. The horrific scale of the 1918 influenza pandemic—known as the “Spanish flu”—is hard to fathom. The virus infected 500 million people worldwide and killed an estimated 20 million to 50 million victims—that’s more than all of the soldiers and civilians killed during World War I combined. Some are covered in annual flu vaccines. Descendants of the 1918 influenza virus still circulate today, and current seasonal influenza vaccines provide some protection against the 1918 virus.

Coronavirus-19 is a flu that potentially attacks people with chronic respiratory diseases and vascular issues. A flu is contagious. This tiny virus is lingering and reproducing better versions to make a pandemic valid. In flu seasons, getting a flu is common. This coronavirus is a flu but seems more complex and frightening. It’s cause for biggest pandemic in history.

Where have all the diseases gone in this pandemic?

There are upper respiratory infections and lower respiratory infections. Viruses enjoy lingering and attaching to healthy cells. Common cold and digestive issues reveal body malfunctions. Organisms gain entry to the respiratory tract by inhalation of droplets and invade the mucosa. Epithelial destruction may ensue, along with redness, edema, hemorrhage and sometimes an exudate (a mass of cells and fluid that has seeped out of blood vessels or an organ, especially in inflammation). Like any body irregularity, inflammation partners, and exudation may mean good news or bad news.

Hard to determine. These States are very different with varying lifestyles and per-capita statistics. Studies are done to answer or refute questions.

Did patients have fewer heart attacks and strokes in this period due to lifestyle changes stemming from the pandemic? Or did rates stay constant, with more people suffering at home instead of coming into the emergency room because of the pandemic?

During the pandemic and lockdown measures, coronavirus-19 may have substituted for other chronic disease diagnoses. So people with bad cold symptoms might have been seen as susceptible to coronavirus flu.

While there are health pandemics in the USA about every couple decades, none of those pandemics are as lifestyle redefining as coronavirus-19, without any durable vaccines that have been thoroughly tested under neutral empirical standards.

People tend to be glib about common colds that may include acute flu strains and viral infections. Testing was less relevant as symptoms faded within weeks. So colds could have been bacterial or viral. Masks, gloves, and distancing would have been wise choices to filter microbial transmission. Glib attitudes among doctors, people, employers, and affordable health care never were really sensitive to poossible repiratory infectons on-the-go.

According to the CDC,uncomplicated influenza signs and symptoms typically resolve after 3-7 days for the majority of people, although cough and malaise can persist for more than 2 weeks, especially in elderly people and those with chronic lung disease. People with flu are most contagious in the first three to four days after their illness begins. Most healthy adults may be able to infect others beginning 1 day before symptoms develop and up to 5 to 7 days after becoming sick. Orthodox medicine suggests that masks, gloves, handwashing help reduce likeliness of getting the flu. Yet the coronavirus behind the 2020 pandemic is a new form of virus microbe that is also mutating to form newer variants. That means our bodies have not seen this virus before and we are unlikely to have any antibodies.

In common cold flu no tests are given by practice. Most doctors prescribe antibiotics. If a virus infection is the untested cause, antibiotics are abused. Antibiotics do not work against viruses; they only work on bacterial infections. Antibiotics do not prevent or treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19), because COVID-19 is caused by a virus, not bacteria.

During this 2020 pandemic, moles become mountains. The length and the severity of the pandemic foster disobedience of not wearing masks and social distancing properly. CDC estimates that influenza was associated with more than 35.5 million illnesses, more than 16.5 million medical visits, 490,600 hospitalizations, and 34,200 deaths during the 2018–2019 influenza season.

The limited scope of the JAMA trend analysis study basically diminishes other respiratory and congestive diseases to lower importance. Few die of artery and breathing diseases because coronavirus is dominant in thoughts and minds.

Older people are subjects to other diseases, contagious or not. Adding coronavirus to the series during a pandemic makes medicine and science more confusing. Where have all those diseases gone? They’re there. Hidden in deaths.

JAMA’s numbers are incorrect. The real numbers are accidentally hidden. Globally, for seasonal influenza, the WHO estimates the mortality rate is usually below 0.1%. However, the WHO also notes that mortality is “to a large extent determined by access to and quality of healthcare”. When this pandemic fades to memories, the numbers of hospital admissions will return to what they were before 2020. That is…until the next pandemic shows up. It’s likely.

When it came to orphans black lives mattered NYC

Orphans are often the forgotten minority. They were characterized in novels. Their lives were used for labor that no one else wanted to do. Either they were imprisoned or enslaved, orphans were parentless children that really didn’t matter. There were many orphan asylums for white children. What about Black orphans? New York City had an orphanage for Black orphans for over 100 years, proving that Black lives mattered.

After the Emancipation Proclamation, slaves were liberated. After the war there were many casualties. One was parentless children or orphans. Fine if you were white. What if you weren’t? There was an orphan asylum in New York City. For those unlucky orphans, they were modified slave replacements working the fields, the mines, and other things. But they had food, clothing, shelter, and medical care. No salaries. For whatever orphan asylums were bad, they were the better places for orphans. The Colored Orphans Asylum was one of the best places for Black orphans to grow and feel safe.

Orphans had many orphan asylums and orphanages for escape and care. The black community only had one in New York City. When it came to housing and caring for Black orphans, this was one orphanage for them in the USA from 1836 to 1946.

Slavery was abolished in New York in 1827. THE COLORED ORPHANS ASYLUM OF NEW YORK was a four-story home on 43rd Street and 5th Avenue, and was founded by 3 Quakers.. In 1836, when opened, most of New York City lived below 14th Street. New York had a segregationist policy that placed orphan, reform, and insane asylums in the farthest perimeter. At the time, the NYC reservoir shed hadn’t been constructed yet. It seemed rural.

It wasn’t until 1866 that a colored orphanage opened in Brooklyn. The Home for Freed Children and Others was founded in 1866 by black Presbyterian minister Henry M. Wilson, black widow Sarah A. Tillman, and white general Oliver Otis Howard. At the time, Brooklyn was not part of New York City. It was financially mismanaged. It opened in a Black area near Crown Heights called Weeksville.

The peak importance in New York was after the Emancipation Proclamation but orphans were still segregated. In 1866, just three years after the Emancipation Proclamation, freed Black women were travelling North with their children, many finding their way to New York City. Upon arriving they were hit with the reality that the families who would hire them for domestic work, often the only work available to them, would not allow them to keep their children. This provided a painful dilemma for these newly freed African American women who had come North seeking an improved life.

They had no choice but to work, often caring for the children of White families, but who would care for their children? Orphanages were one of the few available options at the time. However, orphanages, whether government or privately funded, refused to accept Black children. Black orphans often ended up in different forms of servitude—not far removed from slavery, living on the streets, or sometimes even housed in jails. However, one African American woman, recently widowed, decided to take matters into her own hands, and by 1866 Sarah Tillman was taking care of twenty Black children in her lower Manhattan home.

Homes for Freed orphans provided education and care. Yet these were small, financially starved, and poorly staffed.

The Colored Orphan Asylum, caring for hundreds of black children whose parents died or couldn’t raise them existed in North Bronx from 1903 to the 1950’s.It is the Hebrew Home for the Aged.

The first orphanage was established in the United States in 1729 to care for White children, orphaned by a conflict between Indians and Whites at Natchez, Mississippi. Some churches took care of orphans in the USA but only white orphans were accepted. Humane orphanages to house and feed orphans of color wasn’t even considered. The Mississippi legislature on November 22, 1865, passed “An Act to regulate the relation of master and apprentice, as relates to freedmen, free negroes, and mulattoes.”

After the Emancipation, though, the south found a way to use black orphans. Though not required to pay a wage to the children they “hired,” the law did require white “employers” to pay a fee to the county for the apprentice arrangement. The law claimed to require white “masters” to provide their apprentices with education, medical care, food, and clothing, but it also reinstituted many of the more notorious features of slavery.

The Colored Orphan Asylum was burned down by Irish mobs on July 13, 1863, during the first day of the New York Draft Riots. A policeman was killed while leading the children out the back door to escape. Was it racism? The underlying cause was poverty…Irish poverty. The New York Irish were more easily drafted into the army. The wealthier and earlier USA immigrants were able to buy themselves out of army service. The Colored Orphans Asylum became the target of poor Irish living south of 14th Street, especially from the infamous area known as the Five Points.

The Asylum was rebuilt in 1867 at 143rd Street and Amsterdam Avenue, and in 1907 was relocated again to the Riverdale section of the Bronx. The former property. on a river front street was contributed by President Theodore Roosvelt. In 1944, the Association’s name was changed to the Riverdale Children’s Association. It is now the Hebrew Home for the Aged. A remnant of the building remains intact.

According to UNICEF (2015), there were 140 million orphans. Much gratitude should be given to those who have fostered and worked hard for orphans of all races and ethnicity. The history of the Colored People Orphan Asylum, over 100 years. should remain one of many examples how we can dissolve the boundary lines of racial altruism. This was a really good institution that parented thousands of Black and other children over a century.

Financial support for orphan asylums and Freed-Man groups came from local and private endowment sources. Charities to poor varied from State to State in USA, New York being very responsive from 1600 to 1900. When it came to orphans, many were subjected to child labor, outside of orphan asylums, such as Orphan Trains. Federal legislation, as recent as 2007, have worked to controlling child labor in the USA. Yet…orphans are often overlooked regardless of race. Jewish Philanthropies has been a leading organization funding orphans regardless of race and religion since early 1900’s AND was a sponsor of the Colored Orphan Asylum at the Bronx location.

U.S. orphanages have been replaced with an improved foster care system and private adoption agencies like American Adoptions. Not all orphan asylums were perfect but they saved children from the perils of living in the streets and seeking food. All lives matter. Black lives have been recognized.

When the Colored Orphan Asylum moved to the mansion-lined, most northwestern border of Bronx and Yonkers, it was renamed Riverdale Children’s Association. It remained an orphanage till 1946. It was converted to the Hebrew Home for the Aged.

The Colored Orphan Asylum was one of many such orphan asylums in mid-nineteenth-century New York City, one which served African American children who had lost at least one parent. Other orphanages had quota systems and could reject colored orphans. The Colored Orphan Asylum and Riverdale Children’s Association had no quotas. For over a century, Black orphans thrived from an idea of a group of Quaker women in New York City decided that Black orphans deserved golden glove treatment because they mattered. They created the first colored people orphan asylum that thrived and helped thousands of minority orphans for 120 years.

New coronavirus mutation brings more cases to USA

Just as you thought this coronavirus pandemic ebbed and a glimmer of normalcy shined dimly, a new coronavirus mutation has been behind spikes of rising cases in Europe and the USA. Place masks on again!

According to Science Daily:

Research out today in the journal Cell shows that a specific change in the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus virus genome, previously associated with increased viral transmission and the spread of COVID-19, is more infectious in cell culture. The variant in question, D614G, makes a small but effective change in the virus’s ‘Spike’ protein, which the virus uses to enter human cells.

Coronavirus 19 has been with us so long as to infect cells and lives. Viruses adapt very well to host cells and easily renovate our make-up. Symptoms or none, our cells spread like monsters. These disfigured zombie cells appear to be using those streaming filaments, or filopodia, to reach still-healthy neighboring cells. The protuberances appear to bore into the cells’ bodies and inject their viral venom directly into those cells’ genetic command centers — thus creating another zombie. Are we becoming the walking dead?

Symptoms of coronavirus may not appear or may be light. More than likely, coronavirus microbes have already entered your body. Quixotically, how many are required to show symptoms? Researchers found that when SARS-CoV-2 infects cells, it assumes control over a family of enzymes known as kinases. Under normal circumstances, kinases serve as master regulators of metabolism, growth, movement, repair and other important cellular functions. Kinases work by attaching tiny chemical tags to proteins through a process known as phosphorylation. Once attached, these tags act as switches that turn proteins on or off, which keeps the complex machinery of the cell running smoothly. According to warnings from Chinese researchers, individuals infected with the earlier SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus strains could be defenseless against the more aggressive European strains with the D614G mutations.

According to CNN report on coronavirus-19 mutation, finding reliable vaccines are confounded by old coronavirus 19 strains and the new ones. Coronavirus 19 has new brother that must be reckoned with. Research published on Medical-Xpress cites research that D814G may well be the dominant one.

D614G mutation cells mean higher rate of testing positive on COVID testing. No evidence was shown whether higher death rates are correlated.

With coronavirus variants and mutations, your responsibility is to use masks and social distancing. They are uncomfortable and against normal social moires. Even eating outdoors means mask removal. So more passersby should wear masks.

States are showing spikes in coronavirus cases in States that opened too soon. D614G may be factored into those statistics. It’s very clear. Coronavirus is adapting to us. It’s up for us to not ignore warnings as we do our part to help restrict spread.

FDA approves first prescription ADHD game

Attention Deficit Hyper-activity Disorder or ADHD is a parent’s worst nightmare as children enter school ages. The FDA just approved the first prescription video game — it’s for kids with ADHD. This is a totally new treatment method for use with or without current medicines.

The game was built by Boston-based Akili Interactive Labs suggests evidence that it may improve attention function. Called Endeavor/Rx, requires a prescription and is designed for children ages 8 to 12 with certain symptoms of ADHD. It’s the first time the FDA has cleared a digital therapy for improving ADHD symptoms, and the first time the agency has ever authorized marketing of a game-based therapy for any condition.

During game development and research it was called Project EVO, and earned awards as a combination of a daily planner and intelligent mobile app. The system is personalized to YOU and specifically designed around how your Brain Type™ naturally works so you can achieve more flow and thrive.

As part of the Sensory Neurodevelopment & Autism Program, Endeavor/Rx demonstrated success with ADHD subjects. Experimental conclusions observed: “In the randomized, controlled trial of 348 children and adolescents diagnosed with ADHD, AKL-T01 showed a statistically significant improvement compared to an active control (p=0.006) on the predefined primary endpoint, a change in the Attention Performance Index (API), a composite score from the Test of Variables of Attention (T.O.V.A.®). The T.O.V.A.® is an objective measure of sustained attention and inhibitory control. AKL-T01 was shown to be safe in this study, with no serious adverse events observed.”

The Project Evo game requires children to multi-task by switching between a memory-based task and a visuomotor task. The first requires players to tap the screen to choose a target from a few options, for example, a blue fish as the target with red and yellow fish as distractions, according to the paper. The second task consists of steering a hovercraft along a river. The game’s difficulty increases as the child progresses.

While I normally suspect reliability of studies with 348 people, Endeavor/Rx did get approval from the FDA as a valid treatment for ADHD with Autism. Will health insurance pay for it? You may find a very good guide to Evolution/Rx foundation on Amazon online.

Medical drugs and alchemy supplements may help ADHD quickly but side-effects may be more dangerous than what you want to treat. Consult nutritionists.

We live in an APP happy world and “smart” digital therapy tech is very available. Our bodies are magicians and have innate properties for healing. Evolution/Rx may be a game, a first of many, to help conquer many ADHD symptoms toward a better future lifestyle for those with ADHD diagnoses and parents.

Owning your own slavery lifestyle

Slavery exists since humans traveled as packs or tribes with leaders and followers, sharing gods and beliefs. Tribes would fight other tribes. The conquerors used the conquered as resources, as slaves to do what others didn’t want to do. Slaves were labeled by different languages and cultures. Slavery was a worldwide institution, even in Africa where Black tribe conquered other Black tribes. Black masters, Black slaves. Slaves were oppressed, bartered and sold as currency to do what others didn’t. Early discoverers of the America used Native Americans as slave laborers. Christianity (Catholicism) and Spanish replaced original languages and cultures. Black slaves were also bought from Black masters and imported to the Americas, both North and South America. Coffee was traded from Brazil and Colombia and many slaves were used. Slavery isn’t noble, it’s an oppressive state of being And by the 19th century grew out of favor in Western Civilization.

But South USA was cowered by the North after the Civil War. Legislatively, the new reality was np more slavery. Being Black and being White was not seen equally and skin color did not erase racial bigotry. It took another century to desegregate Blacks into USA culture and opportunity, despite southern white reluctance. Over 150 years have passed since the Emancipation Proclamation. Skin color remains the big divide. Black Americans should no longer be perceived as Black Americans. They should be Americans, free and equal. Yet…anger, stereotype, and discrimination still flow albeit in smaller creeks. The divided mindset has been institutionalized on both sides and equality of black and white are omitted from the tossed salad we call USA. Or is it deeper?

No institution is perfect. There are always rotten apples and rotten ideas. The world protests against mistreatment by police have become a revolution. Imprisoning populations during a coronavirus threat and the death of an American Black man set fire to a revolution to defund the police departments. Rotten apples and rotten conceptions about the police are now under the microscope. There is a new 21st century idea that police science and practice must be the new slavery in a modern post-colonial society. When colonialism exists, some slavery follows. But who are the slaves when attempts are made to revise decrepit systems? Freedom and liberty don’t come from violence. Or does it?

These protests aren’t just after bad police but that Black Lives Matter. I have always believed (and still do) that all lives matter. From media reporting, there seems to be an umbrella over poor Black American communities that Black slavery hovers in the minds of Black Americans. It’s about 8 generations since the Emancipation Proclamation was added to our Constitution. It’s It’s almost 55 years since Equal Opportunity and Desegregate legislation was passed. Martin Luther King’s dreams have been realized and surpassed in recent decades. Black Americans are integral in all matters of life and economics. Black Lives Matter isn’t a question. We may not be holding hands in harmony singing about a soda beverage but we are equal friends, partners, associates. That’s not slavery. What happened with George Floyd was police incompetence and disrespect. All life matters and living should be distinct and respected. Lives to breathe and seek happiness and justice must be respected. The images and sounds could have happened to anyone. Black Americans are no longer slaves. All life and lifestyles matter.

Racial slavery, discrimination, gender, and bias are not new concepts in history. As far back as 6800 B.C. The world’s first city-state emerges in Mesopotamia. Land ownership and the early stages of technology bring war—in which enemies are captured and forced to work: slavery.

In the USA, having or not having slavery became a Black and White conflict. In Africa, where most owners and slaves were black, lineage incorporation was the primary purpose of slavery, and in most societies slaves were allowed to participate in many aspects of social life. The most basic purpose of slavery is to rid oneself of work and force the hideous labor upon someone else. Since the time of our more primitive era, societies have taken slaves from war and conquest, and forced them to do their workaday tasks. Slavery was a societal class. Many eastern cultures had class-systems and slavery was a class in Hindu and others.

Slavery was, in many cultures, a class that was often protected by codes and rules. The book of Exodus in the Old Testament of the Bible contains the story of freeing the Hebrew slaves from bondage in Egypt. Post slavery, after the 10 commandments were delivered for all followers, ethics and laws were indicated about treatments and choices of those enslaved. by the Hebrews or nearby cultures. This is an irony found in the Bible several times. Former Hebrew slaves, made to work for 400 years had servants and slaves. They were protected classes. Rules and ethics were revised in Leviticus and Deuteronomy.

Africans organized their societies around the family unit, and gold supply often dictated which society held the most power—until the start of the Atlantic slave trade. Africans engaged in tribal warfare among hundreds of tribes. The winners possessed power. The conquered likely ended up in some type of slavery. Since the 1400’s, colonizing the new Americas made slavery an economic power.

The beginning of the Atlantic slave trade in the late 1400s disrupted African societal structure as Europeans infiltrated the West African coastline, drawing people from the center of the continent to be sold into slavery. Those sold were usually slaves that resulted from earlier African tribal conflicts. New sugar and tobacco plantations in the Americas and Caribbean heightened the demand for enslaved people, ultimately forcing a total of 12.5 million Africans across the Atlantic and into slavery. Spain, Denmark, Britain, France first used Native Americans as slave labor. Trading resources were the roots of global economy. At the time, the Americas were what China is today. Think about the Atlantic and Pacific tea company.

In what eventually became the USA, slavery was a societal class. South USA were importing slaves from Africa and other areas. No northern or middle colony was without its slaves. From Puritan Massachusetts to Quaker Pennsylvania, Africans lived in bondage. Economics and geography did not promote the need for slave importation like the plantation South. Consequently, the slave population remained small compared to their southern neighbors. Yet southern USA developed the most crude type of slavery. Chattel slavery is the most common form of slavery known to Americans. This system, which allowed people — considered legal property — to be bought, sold and owned forever, was supported by the US and European powers in the 16th – 18th centuries. This is why a slave was considered 4/5 of a human. This was neutralized tn the Emancipation Proclamation and later revised with equal opportunity laws.

There were and are many definitions and types of slavery tha have been lawfully eliminated over the past 200 years. Sadly, among many cultures slavery exists as:
Sex Trafficking. The manipulation, coercion, or control of an adult engaging in a commercial sex act. …
Child Sex Trafficking. …
Forced Labor. …
Forced Child Labor. …
Bonded Labor or Debt Bondage. …
Domestic Servitude. …
Unlawful Recruitment and Use of Child Soldier

These forms of slavery have been abolished by USA and many western nations but they do exist. Some are slavery entrapped to pay for immigration costs. Many countries use children for labor and soldiering. In the USA, child labor extended from orphanages in cities to do farming in rural areas. As late as 1988, the most sweeping federal law that restricts the employment and abuse of child workers is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). Significance separates minors from adults. Minors 14 to 15 years of age may work up to 3 hours on a school day, 8 hours on a nonschool day, and 18 hours in a week, between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. when school is in session, until 9 p.m. from June 1st through Labor Day, and as many as 40 hours per week when school is out.

While certain counties, especially Southern, used police for slave patrols, these were abolished by early 20th-century.

Rudolph Giuliani was one of the urban mayors that consolidated transit, traffic, corrections, and truancy police into one giant department. At the time President Bill Clinton spoke for more police patrols. Rushed training made on-job-training with lack of people contact resulted in more conflicts and racial profiling, even though many patrols were Black and Latino.

Under Mayor Bloomberg, working with consolidated police force. adopted Stop and Frisk practices that were used in other cities. At the height of stop-and-frisk in 2011 under the Bloomberg administration, over 685,000 people were stopped. Nearly 9 out of 10 stopped-and-frisked New Yorkers have been completely innocent. According to the NYPD’s Annual Reports: In 2019, 13,459 stops were recorded. Biased racial profiling put the brakes on that program.

Those were heinous policies that evoked criticism from Black American communities. None were the size of the protests after the George Floyd tragedy.

Black Lives Matter as do all in the USA tossed salad of infinite shades, cultures, languages, genders, and lifestyles. For over 150 years, slavery was abolished constitutionally in the USA.

Agreed…more people are forgetting the mantra of the Statue of Liberty:
“Give me your tired, your poor, Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free, The wretched refuse of your teeming shore, Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me, I lift my lamp beside the golden door!

Yet I respect these words by President Abraham Lincoln As I would not be a slave, so I would not be a master. This expresses my idea of democracy.

Racism should not be debatable in USA today. All of us should be above that. But…we are imperfect and forgetful that the USA fought hard to be liberated from foreign colonialists.

We must cast aside the chains and thoughts of slavery. We should empirically investigate justice. We must monitor actions. We must no longer own slavery or the slavery ideas we choose to own. Black lives matter but all lives, from the poorest, must take the opportunities to educate ourselves and our children that there are more ethical ways to live.

The paths carved for freedom need to be examined and traditions need to be remembered and updated for an ever-changing society. Success is to be measured not so much by the position that one has reached in life as by the obstacles which he has overcome, was once said by Booker T. Washington. Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) was born into slavery and rose to become a leading African American intellectual of the 19 century, founding Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute (Now Tuskegee University) in 1881 and the National Negro Business League two decades later. Washington advised Presidents Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft. His infamous conflicts with black leaders like W. E. B. Du Bois over segregation caused a stir, but today, he is remembered as the most influential African American speaker of his time.

There are concepts and realities that have changed drastically over the past 100 years. The police need better training that all lives matter. At the same time, any people violating laws should be wary that they’ll be caught. You need police to control speeding cars, handle emergencies, and confront those that deny your own personal rights. Black lives will really matter more if police and social services are funded as a cooperative in areas where Blacks feel left out. It takes money, it requires understanding, it requires motivation.

An estimated 26,730 people died in motor vehicle traffic crashes through September 30, making the third quarter of 2019 the eighth consecutive year-to-year quarterly decline in fatalities since the fourth quarter of 2017. Police have been involved with investigating and ticketing compulsive speeders. There are so many things that show police concern. According to Wisconsin Public Radio, from 2013 to 2018, the motor vehicle crash fatality rate for black Wisconsinites more than doubled, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2013, 31 African Americans died from motor vehicle deaths. The worst year was in 2017, when 79 African Americans died, according to the CDC data used in the report.

Since George Floyd there have been incidents where police have been shot. Their lives matter too. The Southern Poverty Law Center is a large non-profit organization that helps the poor get better justice. The SPLC is the premier U.S. non-profit organization monitoring the activities of domestic hate groups and other extremists – including the Ku Klux Klan, the neo-Nazi movement, neo-Confederates, racist skinheads, black separatists, antigovernment militias, Christian Identity adherents and others. They are currently tracking more than 1,600 extremist groups operating across the country. They publish investigative reports, train law enforcement officers and share key intelligence, and offer expert analysis to the media and public.

With no police, we breed anarchy…and that is no answer. Blacks, Latinos and others must join in conversations and meetings to attack the hatred that breeds in this country against skin color or language or gender. We all need training to follow-through on this country we share. Racism must stop and we all need training.

The violence and fear emanating from these protests reveal the best and worst of us. All lives matter. Until we truly believe that, resolutions won’t happen. Many of the protesters from the 60’s, gave in to the system by the 70’s. Who remembers Jerry Rubin?

Rather than breaking chains of slavery, we must dissolve them for a fairer future. We must work to heal our selves from hatred, jealousy, and viruses. That’s where action must focus.

Slavery, black or otherwise, and the racism that go along with it are bad. After 6,000-plus years of slavery as an institution, there are no easy equalizers. Protesters want it now. Making life matter to and for all is a process. It’ll take time. Police are necessary. Discussion groups involving parents, children, officials, all people and races need to be part of an active lifestyle extending over many generations.

To covid and George Floyd Happy 2020 to the victims and us

Charles Dickens wrote in Tale of Two Cities, it was the best of times and the worst of times. 2020 began with celebrations, wishes, and goals to take everyday normality to happier, healthier levels. Then came the restrictions and challenges of the coronavirus pandemic. Then came the unreasonable,vicious arrest of George Floyd and the riots that followed. Those were, hopefully the worst times of 2020. Lives matter and we have hopes that, finally, 2020 will deliver better times.

Data from the 1981 national victimization survey reveal that more whites are victimized by whites (77 percent) than by blacks (17.1 percent), and more blacks are victimized by blacks (77 percent) than by whites (14.4 percent), as noted by National Criminal Justice Reference Service.

Although violent crime by white offenders is apparently strongly intraracial, in that 96.9 percent of the white offenders chose white victims, violent crime by black offenders is apparently predominantly interracial, with 55.2 percent of the black offenders choosing white victims. Black offenders chose white victims in 63.9 percent of robberies, 51.8 percent of assaults, and 58.6 percent of rapes. In contrast, white offenders chose black victims in 8.3 percent of robberies, 2.7 percent of assaults, and 5.5 percent of rapes. These percentages suggest that each of the three violent crimes is strongly intraracial for white offenders but predominantly interracial for black offenders. This finding suggests that the motives behind black assault and rape are different than the motives behind white assault and rape. Reasons why the partially interracial character of violent crime has not been addressed are suggested.

The George Floyd incident was interracial – 4 white and armed police officers using extreme force in killing a black man. Was the motivational force necessary? The officers were arrested. George Floyd was not given his rights to a trial. Instead, he lies in a coffin as his family and peers grieve.

There were protests around the USA. Several were violent. Many attacked police officers, as the group at fault. True, about 77.1% of Police officers are White, making that the most common race or ethnicity in the occupation. Representing 13.3% of Police officers, Black is the second most common race or ethnicity in this occupation. Accortding to thje New York City Police Department, 53% (11,717) are black, Latino (of any race), or Asian or Asian-American. 47% (10,482) were non-Hispanic white. In New York City, Los Angeles and other large urban areas, there are more non-whites that become police officers. Sadly, that does not level for the rest of USA. Generalizing that this was white against black issue is simply wrong. It was 4 white cops torturing and slaughtering a black.

The vast majority of most crimes are committed by a person of the same race as the victim, Bureau of Justice Statistics reports. Intraracial crime is a dominant trend. Unfortunately, white supremacy continues to exist despite laws of equal opportunity. White supremacists frequently like to manipulate crime statistics in order to claim that nonwhite minorities, particularly African-Americans, are far more crime-prone and the source of most violent crime against whites. Statistically, it’s a false assertion. Call it fake news that is marketed well.

As far as looting among protesters, most police sources indicate that looters account for a small percentage of protesters, according to an article in Atlantic magazine. Is it letting anger release? For the most part, looters target neighborhood shops struggling already under restrictions from the COVID-19 pandemic. These looters are as reprehensible as the cops who used choke-holds to down George Floyd. When it comes to looting stores, many lives matter from owners to employed staff and to consumers.

As offensive as the cops were at the torturing arrest that led to the death og George Floyd, George Floyd was no angel either. According to records, Floyd had landed five years behind bars in 2009 for an assault and robbery two years earlier, and before that, had been convicted of charges ranging from theft with a firearm to drugs. Floyd was also linked to two convictions in the 1990s for possession and theft of a controlled substance (cocaine). Minneapolis has since banned choke-holds that led to the coronary that killed George Floyd. According to NPR, Floyd also tested positive for coronavirus-19, from Minneapolis Medical Examiner autopsy report. Yes, lives matter and so far 2020 has been anything but happy.

It is wonderful that Americans have the right and freedom to assemble. Under COVID restrictions, assembly has been denied over infectious fear. Even houses of worship have been shuttered. Wide spread protests are erupting on streets where blacks, whites, all genders and faiths exclaim the death of George Floyd and the racial divides of white cops policing a black community. Of course the streets are the only area to protest. All other places are closed other than social media. These divides exist in all communities in many levels but perspectives are often mired by different perspectives. The George Floyd incident of 2020 is focusing on the tree instead of the trees and all lives matter.

Comedian Bill Cosby was asked by the NAACP to speak in 2004 about the states of the black community. Many don’t know Cosby was educated with a doctorate in Education. His Pound Cake Speech sent tinglers of controversy of a divide in the black communities.
Here’s an excerpt:

But these people, the ones up here in the balcony fought so hard. Looking at the incarcerated, these are not political criminals. These are people going around stealing Coca-Cola. People getting shot in the back of the head over a piece of pound cake! And then we all run out and are outraged, ‘The cops shouldn’t have shot him.’ What the hell was he doing with the pound cake in his hand? I wanted a piece of pound cake just as bad as anybody else, and I looked at it and I had no money. And something called parenting said, ‘If you get caught with it you’re going to embarrass your mother.’ Not ‘You’re going to get your butt kicked.’ No. ‘You’re going to embarrass your family.’

Among the responses to the Pound Cake Speech as how the black middle-class had become out-of-touch with the Black Community. Cosby emphasized personal responsibility, or the lack of it. In his book, Michael Eric Dyson describes Cosby’s remarks as a vicious attack on the most vulnerable among the Black Community.

The sad divides include economies as well as race. Yet USA is chock full of opportunities for all. More Blacks are in the middle classes. Barack Obama was a 2-term USA President. Whether intracranial or interracial, some divides vanish. Vestiges of old thinking remain. Education and responsible choices are(somewhat) free. Police have been put on notice throughout the country. Two pandemics hit us in 2020. We must choose our lifestyles and follow through. George Floyd will be a symbol but now our health and reasoning must be elevated toward optimizing a higher level of consciousness.

Protests and looting do not support social distancing, as is generally recommended as one of the filters to reduce coronavirus-19 spread. After a couple months of quarantine and panic, coronavirus spread concerns frustrated many. The heinous events that led to George Floyd’s death seems to be seen as a valid way to break-out of coronavirus restrictions. Coronavirus made the USA lifestyle come to a screeching halt mid-March 2020. Lives do matter and happy new year has become a grim new year on all levels.

The virus dubbed Coronavirus-19 shows that many lives matter, claiming over 400,000 lives globally, according to Johns Hopkins research. Coronavirus-19 deaths are identified using a new ICD–10 code. When COVID-19 is reported as a cause of death – or when it is listed as a “probable” or “presumed” cause — the death is coded as U07.1. This can include cases with or without laboratory confirmation. Of course this skews statistics. Some people, ages over 60, could have had other respiratory illnesses but, with this convenient classification, most of those deaths occurred because the viral flu resulted in destroying defenses. Over 6 million tested positive but survive. All these numbers represent lives that matter.

Every life matters and every human life, regardless of age, gender, race, ethnicity, and belief matter. So far, many of us in 2020 felt like victims. This half of 2020 demonstrates that with filters and restrictions we will meander and forge toward eliminating this virus, memorialize George Floyd, and live healthfully for the remainder of 2020. Happy new year! Be calm and responsible. Normalize your lifestyle and reduce stress. In the best and worse times, every person has the right to add new blessings to humanity’s future.

Unmasking protective mask types to prevent coronavirus and more

You can bitch, moan, or debate about PPP and PPE. Wearing a protective mask and pair of gloves during a horrible disease pandemic is a necessary prophylactic, both courteous and wise. What were once used as options in factories, medical and science offices are now more essential wearables in a world where tiny microbes coexist with us through an invisible masks.

People tend to shy from using prophylactics such as a protective mask. Another form of prophylactic is use of a condom. The global rate of unintended pregnancy was estimated at 44% of all pregnancies between 2010 and 2014, corresponding to approximately 62 unintended pregnancies per 1000 women between the ages of 15–44 years old. One in two sexually active persons will contract an STI by age 25. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that nearly 20 million new STIs occur every year in this country, half of those among young people aged 15–24. Yet the use of condoms as a prophylactic measure remains constant.

We take our breathing and our respiratory health for granted, but the lung is a vital organ that is vulnerable to airborne infection and injury. Respiratory diseases are leading causes of death and disability in the world. Coronavirus-19 barely comes close to those numbers but ranks high among infectious, contagious diseases. Virus based colds are varied. Flu is a common, common cold. Discovery and use of flu vaccines help make incidence less common. Each year new viruses develop and attack unprotected immune systems. According to CDC, about 400,000 patents were hospitalized with a viral infection, each year, over the past decade. Many of those patients died because of respiratory issues that occured prior to flu.

Wearing a protective mask and gloves, especially in dense populations, may prevent these “colds” from spreading to others. Or prevent their colds spreading to you. Sneezes and coughs spread droplets of microbes and some are infectious. Using a hand or sleeve to cover a sneeze is no sure way of filtering spread to others or to items they carry. Viruses are tiny microbes. They are about 1/3 of 1 micron in size. If you lined them on a ruler, there might be over 100,000 to an inch. A protective mask helps filter viruses from entering nose and mouth. What was optional in the 20th century seems more reasonable in the 21st. Microscopes that discovered tiny microbes (electron microscopes) were more accessible to labs in the 1960’s. Perhaps there’s a lesson we should learn during this pandemic. A protective mask, gloves, and some proportionate social distancing may help humans survive better into the 22nd century. Scientists have only been glimpsing into sub-micron sized particles for the past 50 years and their behaviors.

There are many protective masks. Let’s explore a few. There are basics: homemade cloth face mask, surgical mask {procedure and respirator), N95/N98/N99?N100 respirator.Many are made of paper and are disposable. Some are plastic and N100 is notably metallic. On those masks there are filters (often carbon) that are replaceable.

A surgical/procedure mask is a 3-layer to 5-layers protective sheet, rectangular, with ear loops or head-straps. The are usually common and affordable. Most masks worn during routine medical exams are also found in nail salons. This mask is a loose-fitting disposable mask that protects the wearer’s nose and mouth from contact with droplets, splashes and sprays that may contain germs. A surgical mask also filters out large particles in the air. Surgical masks may protect others by reducing exposure to the saliva and respiratory secretions of the mask wearer. These generally do not have FDA approval for surgical use. They are fine for l;leisure walking, short periods, with social distancing. Protection might be 70 to 90% and are comfortable.

There are fabric masks, usually handmade or fashionable, that function like procedure masks. They tend to protect from colder weather. They are seen as bandanas and scarves as well. Fabrics must be very tightly woven to offer protective mask protection. Mesh won’t do. So inappropriate for summer wear.

Cloth masks may be custom designed and laundered. Cloth masks are cheap and simple to make. Must be tightly stitched as microns get through. CDC offers designs for no-sew that may provide very near to N95 efficiency.

More appropriate for surgery, N95 mask offers more protection than a surgical mask does because it can filter out both large and small particles. The name indicates that the mask is designed to block 95% of very small particles. Like surgical masks, N95 masks are intended to be disposable. However, researchers are testing ways to disinfect N95 masks so they can be reused. These are costlier than procedure masks. Essential oil sprays (tea tree, oregano, eucalyptus) may be antiviral for longer durability but studies are thin. I’dd feel better if surgeon disposes of old masks. For tightest protection, the N95 protective mask manufacturers advise head-straps over ear-loops, clean-shaven instead of beards.

You may have heard of N98, N99, and N100 as a protective mask label. Often respirators with added filters, these may be used by doctors but are more common for use in areas of extreme toxic chemicals. The difference between N95, N99 and N100 masks is simply the filter’s efficiency level. N95 filters 95% of particulates and N99 filters 99% of particulates on the air. The higher the efficiency, the more particulates respirator will filter out. That means microns are virtually filtered.

N100 masks are designed to protect the wearer from inhaling non-oil-based particulates, and according to OSHA standards, they must prevent 99.97 percent of those particulates from getting in when properly worn. The larger, bulky N100 protective mask is designed to block dangerous hazards like lead, cadmium, arsenic and methylenedianiline, commonly referred to as MDA. All the N100 masks usually are NIOSH-approved.

There are also P100 respirator protective mask types. P100 respirators are effective at blocking 99.97 percent of oil-based particulates when properly worn. They can protect wearers from exposure to dust, fumes and hazardous mists. P100 masks are ideal for construction environments, food processing plants, agricultural applications and pharmaceutical manufacturing. They also provide complete protection against non-oil-based particulates, like lead, arsenic and cadmium. P100 respirators are often used during welding, as well.

A protective mask may be created anywhere. Many are manufactured in Asia. The ways to help a consumer find the best protective mask is by regulating standards. You’ve probably heard of OSHA before, the Occupational Health and Safety Administration. NIOSH and OSHA are two sides of the same coin; they are different organizations, but they were both founded with the same act, and they work together to tackle the problem of workplace hazards. Yet, it’s likely that most of the masks used during the Coronavirus-19 pandemic were not manufactured to these standards.

NIOSH is a part of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, or CDC. They tend to work more on the research and health side of things. That’s why they’re relevant for masks and respirators; they care about things like air pollution and environmental hazards and safety. So, expect NIOSHA to be recommended by the CDC.

So…many of the disposable procedure and N95 masks may NOT be as efficient as claimed. It’s possible they were designed for cosmetic applications and food preparation instead of medical use. Theoretically, use of a protective mask and a pair of gloves, along with reasonable social distance may help keep some infectious flu microns away.

There are man points and counterpoints about how to live in a world with coronavirus. Habitually wearing a protective mask and pair of gloves when outdoors is your first shield against microbial infections. During a pandemic, epidemic, or “cold” seasons these are prophylactic measures to improve wellness. Yes, you can gamble your health with many things other than microbes. I think wearing a suitable protective mask is a safety net with degrees of assurance.

Coronavirus-19 means there were previous coronaviral sources of the flu. Vaccines contain protection from those. The current microbe is a recmutation. It may not be in every breath you take or in any breath you take or anything you touch but can be encountered, especially among crowds of people. Some, only few have flu-like symptoms and, of those, may be unaware that they are carriers. Using a protective mask and gloves might help reduce the spread of infection.

I think that beyond wearing masks and gloves routinely, social distancing and quarantines may not be necessary. People need liberty to socialize and go places. In cold seasons, I’d advise wearing masks and gloves as a health and fashion ethic. Yet, we see that people don’t use condoms, don’t diet, don’t exercise. Mutual reciprocity in relationships must proximally overcome social barriers. A protective mask needs to become an ethical part of your wardrobe. You are not over-reacting if you use a protective mask within a vetting process. It is mutual protection of the other. Wearing a protective mask and gloves are not punishments. They help prevent disease spread for you and for others.

Respiratory illnesses cost the U.S. economy roughly $40 billion a year — substantially more than other conditions like asthma, heart failure, and emphysema. There are larger numbers when you add non-viral and viral expenses and sick days. Yet group dynamics prove that people don’t follow rules or ethics. You shouldn’t be forced to wear a protective mask if you’re willing to sin against harming others and/or self. Infectious diseases are humanity’s bane. A protective mask and responsible distancing help keep societies and businesses in balance. Let debaters continue to debate with or without masks. Viruses will mutate further. Left futures decide and predict whether these masks may be more necessary than now.